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Psychology 1010 Chapter 12 Social Psychology Vocab.
Terms in this set (41)
The study of the causes and consequences of sociality.
Behavior whose purpose is to harm another.
A principle stating that animals aggress when their desires are frustrated.
Behavior by two or more individuals that leads to mutual benefit.
A collection of people who have something in common that distinguishes them from others.
A positive or negative evaluation of another person based on the person's group membership.
Positive or negative behavior toward another person based on the person's group membership.
common knowledge effect
The tendency for group discussions to focus on information that all members share.
The tendency for groups to make decisions that are more extreme than any member would have made alone.
The tendency for groups to reach consensus in order to facilitate interpersonal harmony.
A phenomenon that occurs when immersion in a group causes people to become less aware of their individual values.
diffusion of responsibility
The tendency for individuals to feel diminished responsibility for their actions when they are surrounded by others who are acting the same way.
The act of helping strangers in an emergency situation.
Behavior that benefits another without benefiting oneself.
The process by which evolution selects for individuals who cooperate with their relatives.
Behavior that benefits another with the expectation that those benefits will be returned in the future.
mere exposure effect
The tendency for liking to increase with the frequency of exposure.
An experience involving feelings of euphoria, intimacy, and intense sexual attraction.
An experience involving affection, trust, and concern for a partner's well-being.
The hypothesis that people remain in relationships only as long as they perceive favorable ratio of costs to benefits.
The control of one person's behavior by another.
Customary standards for behavior that are widely shared by members of a culture.
norm of reciprocity
The unwritten rule that people should benefit those who have have benefited them.
A phenomenon that occurs when another person's behavior provides information about what is appropriate.
The tendency to do what others do simply because others are doing it.
The tendency to do what powerful authorities tell us to do.
An enduring positive or negative evaluation of an object or event.
An enduring piece of knowledge about an object or event.
A phenomenon that occurs when another person's behavior provides information about what is true.
A phenomenon that occurs when a person's attitudes or beliefs are influenced by a communication from another person.
The process by which attitudes or beliefs are changed by appeals to reason.
The process by which attitudes or beliefs are changed by appeals to habit or emotion.
A social influence technique that involves making a small request before making a large request.
An unpleasant state that arises when a person recognizes the inconsistency of his or her actions, attitudes, or beliefs.
The processes by which people come to understand others.
The process by which people draw inferences about people based on their knowledge of the categories to which those people belong.
The tendency for people to see what they expect to see.
The tendency for people to behave as they are expected to behave.
An inference about the cause of a person's behavior.
The tendency to make dispositional attributions instead of situational attributions.
The tendency to make situational attributions for our own behaviors while making dispositional attributions for the identical behavior of others.
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