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a person who felt that slavery was morally wrong and wanted slavery to end

Free Soil Party

a political party dedicated to stopping the expansion of slavery

Missouri Compromise

An act passed by Congress that admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state, (and prohibited slavery in the Northern part of the Louisiana Purchase)

Compromise of 1850

An act passed by Congress that admitted California as a free state and prohibited slavery in Washington DC. It also included the Fugitive Slave Act and prohibited Congress from passing laws about slavery for the rest of the territory won in the Mexican War

Fugitive Slave Act

Laws that helped slaveowners recapture runaway slaves. According to the act, anyone accused of being a runaway slave had no right to trial by jury and could be arrested without a warrant. Also, anyone who helped runaway slaves or didn't cooperate with officials trying to capture them could be fined or jailed.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

a novel that portrayed the moral issues of slavery

Kansas Nebraska Act

An act that divided the Nebraska territory into Kansas territory and Nebraska territoy and declared that slavery in these territories would be determined by popular sovreignty (vote of the residents)

Popular Sovereignty

a system where residents vote to decide an issue

John Brown

an extreme abolitionist who led an attack during "Bleeding Kansas" and led a revolt at Harpers Ferry


a place where weapons are stored

Harpers Ferry

the arsenal in Virgina that John Brown captured, hoping to incite a slave revolt

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