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53 terms

RESOURCES TEST

STUDY
PLAY
HUNTING AND GATHERING
small populations, man power, everything made from natural materials
AGRARIAN
populations near river, cultivation of plants, transformation of landscape, wind and water, agricultural technologies
INDUSTRIAL
growth of cities and urban populations, machines for man power, cars, pesticides, nuclear power, nonrenewable resource use
POST INDUSTRIAL
global population growth, universal awareness, greater dependance on fossil fuesl
SEDIMENTARY
Rocks containing fossil fuels:
USE OF ORGANIC METHODS
A farming process that may make agricultureal areas of the world more sustainable:
PETROLEUM
Non-renewable resource:
DECREASED BY DEFORESTATION
Period of time between heavy rainstorms and river peak discharge:
THERMAL POWER
People of Selkirk most likely depend on:
SELECTIVE LOGGING
Use of helicopters to remove logs from steep slops of BC coast is example of:
GEOTHERMAL
Renewable resource:
CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABILITY
Resource use should be balanced economically and environmentally so needs can be met now and in the future.
FRESH WATER CONTAMINATION
Major concern associated with Grand Lake:
THERMAL
Water -> burning fossil fuels into steam -> steam turns turbines
AGRICULTURE
Greatest use of freshwater
FOSSIL FUEL
North America's major source of non-renewable power:
ECONOMIC
Dictates that the resources on the earth should be exploited in order to make money.
PRESERVATIONIST
Belief that resources can be used but only to a limited amount and that large areas of wilderness should be preserved.
BALANCED MULTIPLE-USE
Dictates that land can be used for a variety of economic and recreational purposes and the resources are used in a way that does not deplete them for future generations
ECOLOGY
States that Earth should be treated with love and resources should be used strictly for human need.
FOSSIL FUELS
Oil, petroleum, natural gas, coal, uranium
DIVERGING
Geothermal energy is the most accesible at what plate boundies (Iceland) :
REFORESTATION
The best way to promote the sustainability of forests is through:
SCIENTIFIC CONSERVATION
Which ethic is consistent with the Department of Fisheries closure of the Atlantic cod fishery in mid 1980s:
POST-INDUSTRIAL
Identify the stage of human culture most involved with the search for alternatives to fossil fuels:
RUNNING WATER
Most of British Columbia's energy is produced from"
IMPROVED IRRIGATION TECHNIQUES
Global consumption of fresh water could best be reduced through:
IT WAS ABUNDANT AND INEXPENSIVE
Developing countries have relied on fuelwoods as an energy source more than developed countries because:
SOFT WOOD FORESTS
Renewable resource:
URBAN DEVELOPMENT
Which of the following poses the greatest threat to Canada's plant and animal species?
THERMAL
Which type of electrical power generation is dependent on the use of a non-renewable resource?
CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABILITY
The use of resources in a manner that maintains the resource supply for future generations.
DEFORESTATION DUE TO GLOBAL DEMANDS OF HARDWOOD
Which major environmental problem is associated with map location Z?
LOCATION
where place is located on earth, absolute location, relative location
PLACE
human and physical characteristics of location (religon, wealth, population, vegetation)
HUMAN AND PHYSICAL INTERACTIONS
how humans adapt, depend and modify environment
MOVEMENT
how places connect to and interact with eachother
REGIONS
human and physical interactions the define region (economy, vegetation, cultural and physical features)
AQUACULTURE
farming of freshwater and saltwater organisms including molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants
CLEARCUTTING
forestry/logging practice in which most or all trees in a harvest area are cut down
ENHANCEMENT
Activities conducted in existing wetlands or other aquatic resources which increase one or more aquatic functions
GEOTHERMAL
the rate at which the Earth's temperature increases with depth, indicating outward heat flows from a hot interior
MONOCULTURE
agricultural practice of producing or growing one single crop over a wide area
NON-RENEWABLE RESOURCES
Something that occurs naturally is useful to humans but cannot be regenerated or renewed
RENEWABLE RESOUCES
Something that occurs naturally, is useful to humans and can be regenerated
SHAFT MINING
method of excavating a vertical or near-vertical tunnel from the top down, where there is initially no access to the bottom
SILVICULTURE
the science and art of cultivating forests to achieve management objectives.
STRIP MINING
practice of mining a seam of mineral by first removing a long strip of overlying soil and rock
SUSTAINABILITY
The idea that humans can use resources but in such a way that it does not deplete them for future generations
FOSSIL FUELS
fuel derived from prehistoric organisms: any carbon-containing fuel derived from the decomposed remains of prehistoric plants and animals, e.g. coal, oil, petroleum, and natural gas.
GEOTHERMAL POWER
energy in the form of heat obtained from hot circulating ground water ,
CLEARCUTTING
a controversial forestry/logging practice in which most or all trees in a harvest area are cut down.
SELECTIVE LOGGING
the practice of removing one or two trees and leaving the rest intact.