66 terms

Religion Ch. 5 Test

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What does the Catholic social teaching principles known as "rights and responsibilities" refer to?
The fact that every person has individual human rights, but corresponding each person also has responsibilities toward both society and oneself.
When people focus only on what they are ____________ instead of what they owe others or ______________, they can develop a sense of _____________________. Conversely, ignoring people's rights and focusing only on their "_______________________" often leads to a denial of people's ________________. Catholic social teaching emphasizes a ___________________ approach—that is, that all people have God-given human rights and all people have ___________ to others and to society.
owed
society
entitlement
responsibilities
dignity
both/and
duties
t/f All human rights are based on your rights and responsibilities.
false
t/f True rights are derived from a consensus.
false
Explain what it means to say that human rights are universal.
They are present in each person, regardless of time or location.
Explain what it means to say that human rights are inviolable.
They must not be assaulted or violated because they are inherent in the human person and come directly from God.
Explain what it means to say that human rights are inalienable.
They cannot be taken away because they are inherent and beyond challenge.
What are the most fundamental rights according to St. John XXIII? (be able to list a few)
right to life
moral and culture rights
right to worship God
right to choose freely one's state of life
economic rights
right of meeting and association
right to emigrate and immigrate
political rights
t/f Responsibilities are associated with every right.
true
t/f The church teaches that religious freedom is the source of all human rights.
true
The principle of ___________________ establishes a hierarchy of functions and ________________________, meaning, the individual and the social group ________________ to the individual must take care of his or her needs. Remote social entities do not do as good a job of meeting the _____________ of an individual as do smaller entities that are closer in knowledge and ___________________ to the person.
subsidiarity
responsibilities
closest
rights
proximity
t/f The principle of subsidiarity protects people from abuses by lower-level social authority.
false
Why did Pope Pius XI say that contradicting the principle of subsidiarity is a grave evil?
Because giving the responsibility to take care of the human person to an entity far removed from his/her personal situation often leads to the denial of the person's dignity.
t/f It is wrong for the government to take over what families or voluntary organizations can do for themselves.
true
A just _________________ is one that is small enough not to ______________ unnecessarily into people's lives, yet large enough to promote the __________ _________ and guarantee basic human rights. The principle of subsidiarity prefers __________ ____________ over central decision-making and supports the _____________ of power and authority on the _________ ___________ level.
government
intrude
common good
local control
sharing
grass roots
t/f The principle of subsidiarity implies the existence of a variety of associations and institutions below the level of the central government.
true
What are the negative and positive obligations of the definition of subsidiarity?
Negative : larger societies should not interfere with smaller societies
Positive : they also have an obligation to help these smaller societies develop and grow
What are four ways the principle of subsidiarity should not be used?
1. not meant to maintain a status quo that denies individuals their rights
2. it can never be an excuse for selfishness, ignoring the common good, or preventing human solidarity
3. it should not be used as an excuse to support governmental policies that wok against the poorest of society
4. it cannot be used to silence those whose voices have difficulty getting heard
_____________________ exists primarily to promote the welfare of __________________, and one of its purposes is to apply the principles of ___________________. Its goal is the growth and ___________________ of the human person, and governments only exists to serve their _______________. The first priority of government must be the promotion of _______________ ____________.
government
individuals
subsidiarity
development
people
human rights
t/f The fourth commandment—"Keep holy the Sabbath"—also applies to legitimate authorities in in civil society.
false
Christ affirms that your first _________________ is to God but that you must also give ______________ authority what it is due. In any ______________________, authority is necessary and, since all _______________ _____________ is from God, God's authority is present in _________ governments and laws.
obligation
worldly
social structure
legitimate authority
just
t/f Legitimate authority is legitimate only when it seeks the common good for the group concerned and if it employs morally licit means to attain it.
true
t/f One does not have an obligation to follow unjust authority.
true
t/f Aquinas would argue that an unjust law is not even truly a law if it goes against reason formed by the government.
false
What are three guidelines on what true authority should look like?
1. authority must be guided by the moral law
2. authority must recognize, respect, and promote essential human and moral values
3. authority must enact just laws
t/f God's laws always trump man-made laws.
true
The law that can either be natural or revealed
divine law
The law that is inscribed in the human heart, and known by human reason
natural law
The law found in the ancient law
revealed law
The law that perfects the ancient law
new law
The law of the government
civil law
The body of laws and regulations of the church
ecclesiastical law
The _____________ does not exist for society or the state, but _______________ and the state exist for the family. The family performs functions that are _______________ for the government: the _______________ and education of children, the passing on of ______________, and the instilling of values. Society and governments have a __________ to honor and assist the family and to guarantee __________ ___________.
family
society
valuable
procreation
culture
duty
basic rights
What are some of the rights of families according to the Charter of the Rights of the Family?
- the right to freely choose a state of life
- the right to have and educate children
- the right to have necessities like housing, and more
How do the primary duties of the church and the government differ?
Church : spiritual need of the people
Government : manages temporal affairs
t/f The Church respects the legitimate autonomy of the democratic order and is not entitled to express preferences for this or that institutional or constitutional solution, except to address religious or moral implications.
true
t/f The Church is clear that political communities that uphold democratic values are important for upholding human rights.
false
The _____________ does not promote a form of government but is clear that _________________ communities that uphold democratic values are integral for upholding ____________ __________. An authentic ________________ is the fruit of a convinced acceptance of the values that ________________ democratic procedures: the dignity of every human person, the _______________ of human rights, and the commitment to the ______________ ___________.
church
political
human rights
democracy
inspire
respect
common good
What issues are explicitly named in the document concerning participation of Catholics in political life?
- abortion, euthanasia, and protection of the rights human embryo
- monogamous marriage between a man and woman, protection of minors, and religious freedom
t/f Within a democratic system those in power are never held accountable to the people.
false
Explain the requirements of responsible authority.
Putting power at the true service of others by exercising such virtues as generosity, patience, moderation, and charity
t/f Relativism holds that there is such thing as truth.
false
St. _______ ________ ____ spoke clearly about the need for individuals and societies to recognize ____________ ______________ and be governed by it. He said that ________________ can lead even democracies to a form of ______________________ when you allow yourself to be led by anything but the ______________ ___________.
John Paul II
objective truth
relativism
totalitarianism
ultimate truth
What did Cardinal Ratzinger warn about a world that does not recognize objective truth?
It is in danger of falling under a "dictatorship at relativism"
Primarily a "judgement of reason" that allows you to determine whether certain acts are moral or immoral
conscience
You are called to use your _________ of intellect and free will to pursue a true ____________ ____ ____________—one that is informed by and serves the ______________ ___________. Freedom of conscience is the basis of any ________ ____________ because it allows people to act out their own ________________ and it requires religious ________________ within society.
gifts
freedom of consciousness
Incarnate Truth
free society
violations
liberty
t/f Your conscience is not an entity separate from yourself that makes you aware of you what to do; rather, it is that part of you that tells you what is right and wrong, attuned to the voice of God.
true
What are Cardinal Newman's thoughts on conscience as a "truth as you whatever-you-want-to-believe"?
He states that you can choose to believe what you want, but when you choose to believe and act on something not informed by the ultimate truth of Christ, foremost expressed to you in the teaching of the Catholic Church, then you run the risk of sinful error.
t/f If your conscience is sure about the rightness of a course of action, you must follow it in every circumstance.
true
Your identity as a ________________ should permeate every ________________ of your life, especially ones of great ___________________ like voting. Likewise, Catholic ___________________ have a special role to promote the _____________ ___________ and the dignity of the ______________ _____________.
catholic
decision
consequence
politicians
common good
human person
t/f Political communities must ensure not only one's right to worship God but also to practice their religion within society.
true
The moral right to refuse to follow laws or other social constructs based on moral or religious grounds
conscientious objection
t/f You have a moral duty to follow authority, even authority that is not legitimate.
true
According to the CCC, what five criteria must be met for legitimate armed resistance to political authority?
1. there is certain, grave, and prolonged violation of fundamental rights
2. all other means of redress have been exhausted
3. such resistance will not provoke worse disorders
4. there is well-founded hope of success
5. it is impossible reasonably to forsee any better solution
What is one of the most fundamental ways you can participate in the political society?
By encouraging and voting for political representatives who uphold and create laws that protect basic human rights
t/f Rejecting laws contrary to Divine Law is more than just a right, it is also a serious duty of conscience.
true
t/f Politicians must remember that a well-formed Christian conscience does not permit them to vote for a political program or an individual law which contradicts the fundamental contents of faith and morals.
true
The sum of relationships and resources, cul-tural and associative, that are relatively independent from the political sphere and the economic sector
civil society
Leaders of public groups—particularly government leaders—or institutions that make laws
civil authority
A state of lawlessness or political disorder due to the absence of governmental authority
anarchy
Duty of respect and obedience owed by every person to the state of which he is a member
civil allegiance
A society in which the state exercises total control of the life and conduct of the citizens
totalitarian
Believing that truth is dependent upon one's own perception or opinion; holding that there is no absolute or objective truth
relativism
The voluntary and generous engagement of a person in society
participation
Responsibilities of the Government
1. Guarantee the conditions that allow associations and individuals to obtain their due, according to their vocation and nature.
2. Root out any form of social, religious, cultural, racial, economic, ethnic, or gender discrimination that denies people their fundamental human rights.
3. Guarantee the most basic right of all, the right to life. Outlaw crimes against life like direct abortion, murder, euthanasia, assisted suicide, and fetal experimentation.
Responsibilities of Individuals
1. Help shape a just, loving society that promotes love of God and neighbor. Minimally, be on the alert to root out any laws or practices that cause sin or undermine human dignity.
2.Take special vigilance to see that those with most need are cared for in society. Support causes, laws, and institutions that guarantee the rights of the poor.
3.Treat each person as another self. Exercise the virtue of solidarity by viewing others as members of one family of God.