Unit 5: Revolutions
Terms in this set (35)
An overthrow and replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed.
A cruel and oppressive ruler
French & Indian War
Part of the 7 Year's War that was fought in America, French and Indians fight colonists over land near the Ohio River Valley
Treaty of Paris of 1763
Ended French & Indian War. Britain gained Canada and French lands east of the Mississippi River. Spain gave up Florida but received all lands west of the Mississippi River.
A type of positive neglect that resulted in 150 years of colonial self-rule in the British American Colonies
type of fighting in which soldiers use swift hit-and-run attacks against the enemy
American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
Sons of Liberty
A radical political organization formed by Samuel Adams to protest various British acts; organization used both peaceful and violent means of protest
Treaty of Paris 1783
This treaty ended the Revolutionary War, recognized the independence of the American colonies, and granted the colonies the territory from the southern border of Canada to the northern border of Florida, and from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River
The first class of French society made up of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.
The second class of French society made up of the nobility
They consisted of the bourgeoisie they paid high taxes and had no special privileges
An assembly that represented the three estates, King Louis XVI called this in May 1789 to discuss the financial crises.
French Revolutionary assembly led by the 3rd estate (1789-1791) where the three estates came together and demanded radical change. It passed the Declaration of the Rights of Man in 1789.
A machine for beheading people, used as a means of execution during the French Revolution.
A combination of the absolute monarchy and feudalism in France; it included the three estates
Reign of Terror
a period during the French Revolution in which the Robespierre-led government executed thousands of political figures and ordinary citizens for "disloyalty"
A French colony from the 1700s that we now call Haiti
Movement to end slavery
Payment for war damages
Czar or Tsar
The leader of the Russian Empire
a system of government by one person with absolute power
Political and economic philosophy of Karl Marx. Said that history is the result of a class conflict that will end with the triumph of the industrial proletariat over the bourgeoisie. In the end, the new classless society would abolish private property.
Marx's term for the exploited class, working class who do not own the means of production
Karl Marx's term for the more privileged class, includes the owners of the means of production.
Lenin's interpretation of Marxism. This included his belief that workers alone cannot organize a revolution; they need professional revolutionaries to give them a "shove" (inspiration)
A party of revolutionary Marxists, led by Vladimir Lenin, who seized power in Russia in 1917.
local councils with representatives from groups of workers, peasants, and soldiers
The elected parliament. Though through establishing this is seemed like the Czar was giving his people power, in reality he could easily get rid of this if they made any laws or such that he didn't like.
the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries. Also known for its extreme isolationism.
A late nineteenth century movement in which the Chinese modernized their army and encouraged Western investment in factories and railways
Republic of China
Nationalist government created in China after the Revolution of 1911. Later the US helps set this gov't up in Taiwan.
Peoples Republic of China
Communist government of mainland China; proclaimed in 1949 following military success of Mao Zedong
Great Leap Forward
Chinese Communist program from 1958 to 1960 to boost farm and industrial output that failed miserably