German theologian whose work was the primary catalyst for the Reformation. Recovered the doctrines of justification by faith, the ultimate authority of Scripture, and the priesthood of all believers.
THis all started in Oct 31, 1517, when Luther nailed 95 theses or arguments against the catholic chruch.
The top 4 of these would be:
1- Repent means repent - He was arguing with the vulgates latin translation paenitentiam agite, which means, "Go, and do penance."
27- This was againts Tetzel preaching of man made doctrines, "when A coin in the coffin rings, soul from purgatory springs."
62-"The true treasure of the church is the most holy gospel of the glory and grace of God."
92/93 ""Away then with all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, 'Peace, peace,' and there is no peace. Blessed be all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, 'Cross, cross,' and there is no cross."
What he means - While there is no cross for us, there is a cross for Christ. But for us, there's peace.
We see more of this theology of cross coming out in Heidelberg Disputation dealing with (theo of Glory & THeo of the cross).
And his work on two kinds of righteousness ( in his lectures on the Psalms & Hebrews) > saying we need and alien righteousness.
• Wrote the 95 Theses, Commentary on Galatians, and Bondage of the Will (Erasmus).
• Founded the Lutheran church
• Believed in consubstantiation
• Taught at the University of Wittenberg
• Augustinian monk