How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Chapter 3

STUDY
PLAY
St. Joan of Arc
one of the most famous warriors inspired by faith
manna
a sweet-tasting insect secretion thats drops to the ground from the leaves of tamarisk thickets
talmud
collection of Jewish oral law and commentary
Deborah
prophetess rather than a warrior
Israelites
a people who became a great nation from the Canaanites, the hapiru, the shasu, Sea Peoples, and the original Hebrews
The Exile
the time in Babylon that was seen as a punishment for the people's failure to keep the precepts of the covenant
judge
a brave, charismatic, resourceful military leader who was animated by the spirit of God
"holy war"
Isrealites had God on their side to offset their significant military disadvantage
Sea peoples
different groups of people who migrated from the Aegean Sea
Passover
a holiday celebrated by Jews as a day of deliverance from the tenth plague; the Jewish festival that celebrates the liberation from Egypt
gleaning
gathering up the grain in the fields left behind by the reapers
Hapiru
one of the peoples who inhabited Canaan; are mentioned in the Amarna letters; believed to be the ancient ancestors of the Hebrews
sign
points beyond itself to something or someone else, even to God
Leviticus
a handbook for worship; the priests are instructed by God through Moses to tell the people of Israel all of God's statutes
Ruth
presents a God of compassion and caring who sees Israelites and non-Israelites equally as his people
Baal
Canaanite fertility god
Ramses II
believed to be the pharaoh who enslaved the Hebrews
rabbis
Jewish teachers and spiritual leaders
Jews
term originally used to describe the people who resettled in the area of Judah following the Babylonian Exile; the term used to describe the Israelites after the Babylonian exile
ban
everything in a captured city -the people, their livestock, and their possessions-is "devoted" to God, by being destroyed
Sedar meal
celebrated during Passover and recalls the entire Exodus event; ritual by Jews
Judah
the name of the independent kingdom that formed after the nation of Israel split in two
idolatry
the honoring and revering of a creature in place of God
Hebrews
people enslaved in Egypt who eventually became the community known as Israel; the term used for the ancient Israelites
wonder
something that instills marvel in the people who witness it due to its astonishing nature
Deuteronomy
the people will success or fail depending on how they follow the law
shasu
nomadic peoples whose flocks frequently disturbed Egyptian lands
prophets
divine messengers who would either hear, see, or dream a message from God
Shema
the central prayer of Jewish life
*Canaanites
people who inhabited what is now Israel (Palestine during the time of the Exodus)
*Hykos
the Semetic rulers of Egypt during the time of Joseph
*Armana letters
texts that were written between Canaanite and Egyptian kings mentioning the Hapiru
*Merneptah stele
the first written record of the term "Israel"