Upgrade to remove ads
CEEP 262 Exam 2
Terms in this set (23)
While body growth slows in early childhood,the brain increases from 70 percent to... what percent
The child's centerof gravity shifts toward the trunk and balance improves, paving the way for..
new gross-motor skills
Drawing begins in the toddler years with scribbling and progresses to representational forms and then to more complex, realistic drawings at age 5 or 6.
Both gross-and fine-motor skills are influenced by a combination of heredity and environment
What is the first stage of piagets theory, and what does it contain?
Piaget's pre operational stage begins with an extraordinary increase in representational, or symbolic activity, including language, which is the most flexible means of mental representation
Make believe play in this stage evolves into what kind of play?
complex sociodramatic play with peers
children become capable of dual representation
viewing a symbolic objectas both an object inits own right and as symbol
Piaget described preschoolers in terms of their limitations
example, their ecocentrism, animistic thinking, and inability to conserve.
ygotsky's sociocultural theory
Which emphasizes the social context of cognitive development, regards language as the foundation for all higher cognitive processes
As adults and more skilled peers provide children with verbal guidance on challenging tasks, what do children do with this new information?
children incorporate these dialogues into their own self-directed, or private, speech.
Children learn within the zone of proximal development
Attempting tasks too difficult to do alone but possible with the help of adults and more skilled peers.
In addition, Vygotsky saw make-believe play as...
The ideal social context for fostering young children's cognitive development.
Guided participation, an expansion of Vygotsky's concept of scaffolding, refers to...
Shared endeavors between more expert and less expert participants, allowing for variations across situations and cultures.
Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory
Zone of proximal development
Language Vygotsky vs. Piaget
Piaget called this "egocentric speech"
Vygotsky viewed as foundation for all higher cognitive processes
Gradually becomes more silent
when kids thought they were so smart and never forget anything
The Development of Metacognitive skills/Theory of Mind
Become awareness of mental life between infancy & age 3
Aware that people can have false beliefs at around age 4.
Aided by:Language skills/Social experiences
Early Childhood on Mathematical Reasoning
Ordinality~Relationships between quantities, 14 to 16 months
Cardinality~When counting, last number is the total, 3-1/2 to 4 years
Types of Preschool
Child-Centered:Children select from wide variety of activities/Learn through play
Academic:Teachers structure learning, Formal lessons: letter, numbers, colors, shapes, repetition and drill
Language Development in Early Childhood
At age 2 children have use about 200 words
By age 6 they have around 10,000 words
Fast-mapping, Coins new words, Uses metaphors
"I breaked the glass"
Children learn the rules of grammar very early
two word utterances
Erikson's Theory: Initiative versus Guilt (3-6 yrs)
Initiative: New sense of purposefulness, Try new tasks, join activities with peers
Guilt: Overly strict conscience causes too much guilt, Related to excessive,Threats, CriticismPunishment
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Module 9. Chapter 9. Cognitive Development in Earl…
Berk Chapter 9
CH. 8, 9 & 10 Cognitive Development in Middle Chil…
Child Development Exam 2
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
PESS EXAM #1
Math 301 Final