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Psychology 1010 Chapter 15 Treatment of Psychological Disorders Vocab.
Terms in this set (26)
An interaction between a socially sanctioned clinician and someone suffering from a psychological problem, with the goal of providing support or relief from the problem.
A form of psychotherapy that involves drawing on techniques from different forms of therapy, depending on the client and the problem.
Therapies that explore childhood events and encourage individuals to use the understanding that results to develop insight into their psychological problems.
A reluctance to cooperate with treatment for fear of confronting unpleasant unconscious material.
An event that occurs in psychoanalysis when the analyst begins to assume a major significance in the client's life and the client reacts to the analyst based on unconscious childhood fantasies.
interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT)
A form of psychotherapy that focuses on helping clients improve current relationships.
person-centered therapy (or client-centered therapy)
Assume that individuals have a tendency toward growth and that this growth can be facilitated by acceptance and genuine reactions from the therapist.
Has the goal of helping the client become aware of his or her thoughts, behaviors, experiences, and feelings and to "own" or take responsibility for them.
A type of therapy that assumes that disordered behavior is learned and that symptom relief is achieved through changing overt maladaptive behaviors into more constructive behaviors.
A form of behavior therapy in which clients are given "tokens" for desired behaviors, which they can later trade for rewards.
An approach to treatment that involves confronting that involves confronting an emotion-arousing stimulus directly and repeatedly, ultimately leading to a decrease in the emotional response.
Focuses on helping a client identify and correct any distorted thinking about self, others, or the world.
A therapeutic approach that teaches clients to question the automatic beliefs, assumptions, and predictions that often lead to negative emotions and to replace negative thinking with more realistic and positive beliefs.
Teaches an individual to be fully present in each moment; to be aware of his or her thoughts, feelings, and sensations; and to detect symptoms before they become a problem.
cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
A blend of cognitive and behavioral therapeutic strategies.
A technique in which multiple participants (who often do not know one another at the outset) work on their individual problems in a group atmosphere.
Medications that are used to treat schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders.
The study of drug effects on psychological states and symptoms.
Drugs that help reduce a person's experience of fear or anxiety.
A class of drugs that help lift people's moods.
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
A treatment that involves inducing a brief seizure by delivering an electrical shock to the brain.
transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
A treatment that involves placing a powerful pulsed magnet over a person's scalp, which alters neuronal activity in the brain.
A therapy that involves repeated exposure to bright light.
Surgical destruction of specific brain areas.
An inert substance or procedure that has been applied with the expectation that a healing response will be produced.
A disorder or symptom that occurs as a result of a medical or psychotherapeutic treatment itself.