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60 terms

APHG Midterm Exam Review #1

TABAJJJJJJJ!
STUDY
PLAY
cartography
1) The science of making maps is _____________________________ .
scale
2) ________________ is the relationship between the length of an object on a map and that feature on the landscape.
ratio/fraction
3) 1:24,000 is an example of what kind of ________________________ scale?
2000
4) If the scale of a map is 1:24,000, then 1 inch on the map represents ________ FEET on Earth's surface.
small
5) A map of the world would have a _______________ scale? (small/large)
map projection
6) A system for transferring locations from a globe to a flat map is _________________________ .
large
7) Distortion is especially severe on _____________-scale maps. (small/large)
remote sensing
8) The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or from another long-distance method is _____________________________________ .
GIS (Geographical Information System)
9) A computer system that stores, organizes, retrieves, analyzes, and displays geographic data is ____________.
toponym
10) The name given to a portion of Earth's surface is known as ____________________________.
situation
11) __________________________ identifies a place by its location relative to other objects.
site
12) _________________identifies a place by its unique physical characteristics.
situation
13) New York City's ________ is on the Hudson River, approximately 100 miles northeast of Philadelphia and 100 miles southwest of Boston.
The Equator!
14) A ship's position is given as 0 degrees latitude and 27 degrees west longitude. We can conclude from this information that the ship is located on _______________________________ .
0
15) Greenwich Mean Time is measured from __________ degrees latitude.
180
16) The International Date Line is measured approximately from ______________ degrees longitude.
1) Style of housing 2) Local Radio Stations 3) local restaurants/menus (WAFFLE HOUSE!)
17) List 3 things that establish the South as a vernacular region of the United States.
spatial distribution
18) The arrangement of a phenomenon across Earth's surface is _______________________________.
region
19) An area distinguished by one or more unique characteristics is a _________________.
An urban area with office parks and shopping malls
20) Give an example of a functional region.
venacular/functional
21) The division of the United States into nine regions by the Census Bureau is an example of a ____________.
density
22) The frequency of something within a given unit of area is _____________________.
concentration
23) The spread of something over a given study area is _____________________________.
27 ppl per sq. km
24) The population of the United States is approximately 270 million, and the land area is approximately 10 million square kilometers. The arithmetic density of the United States is approximately __________________.
An area where culture traits are developed and the origin of specific diffused traits.
25) A hearth is _______________________________________________________ .
Contagious, Stimulus, Hierarchical
26) List 3 types of expansion diffusion.
Contagious
27) Diffusion of AIDS is an example of _________________________ diffusion?
relocation
28) Economic development through international trade is an example of ________________________ diffusion?
stimulus diffusion
29) If a group of people migrated from Papua New Guinea to North America and adopted Western cultural habits, this would be an example of _______________________________ .
Religion/Clothing/Language
30) List the 3 elements of culture.
1) Advances in communication 2) Unequal access to cultural elements 3) Uniform Cosumption
31) Elements of globalization of culture include ________________________________________.
care, care
32) Culture means to _____________ about something and to take ______________ of something.
environmental determinism
33) According to ________________________________, the physical environment causes social development.
possibilism
34) The concept that the physical environment limits human actions, but that people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment is ____________________________ .
less developed
35) One important feature of the world's population with the most significant future implications is that the most rapid growth is occurring in the ________________________________ countries.
resources
36) Geographers define overpopulation as too many people compared to _________________________.
East Asia
37) The world's largest concentration of people is located in which region?
China
38) The most populous country in the world is _______________.
China, India, UK, Nigeria, NE America
39) List the 5 major population clusters in the world.
CITIES
40) Where do most people in Western Europe live? (cities/rural areas)
India
41) The most populous country in the Southeast Asia region is __________________________ .
Cold areas, drylands, highlands
42) List 3 types of places that humans avoid living in.
Tibet and/or S. America
43) Relatively few people live at high elevations, but there are significant exceptions, especially in______________________________.
arable land
44) Physiological density is the number of persons per area _________________________________.
LOW
45) A country with a large amount of arable land and a small number of farmers will have a _____________ agricultural density. (low/high)
arable
46) Land suited for agriculture is called ______________________ land.
There is more arable land and a lower population
47) What does it mean if the physiological density of an area is much larger than the arithmetic density?
Total Fertility Rate (2.1)
48) The average number of births women bear in their lifetimes is ____________________________.
crude birth
49) To study fertility, geographers most frequently use the _______________________ rate
doubling time
50) The world's population in 1995 was approximately 6 billion and was expected to reach 12 billion in approximately 45 years. The period of 45 years is known as ______________________________.
doubling time
51) A decline in a country's crude birth rate would result in an increase in the country's ____________________.
high
52) The crude death rate is typically ____________ in less developed countries. (low/high)
less
53) Among world countries, the spread between between the highest and lowest crude death rates is ________ than the highest and lowest crude birth rates.
Africa
54) Life expectancy is lowest on which continent?
Crude Birth Rate
55) The total number of live births per year per 1,000 people in a society is the ________________________.
Stage 2
56) The highest natural increase rates are found in countries in which stage of the demographic transition?
Stage 4
57) The lowest crude birth rates are found in countries in which stage of the demographic transition?
Stage 1
58) The highest crude death rates are found in countries in which stage of the demographic transition?
Stage 2
59) Country X has a crude birth rate of 40 and a crude death rate of 15. In what stage of the demographic transition is this country?
Country X
60) Country X has a crude birth rate of 40 and a crude death rate of 15, while Country Y has a crude birth rate of 20 and a crude death rate of 9. Which country has a higher natural increase rate?