15 terms

Vocabulary List #7

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George Washington
Commanded the Continental army during the American Revolution, Set precedents that were followed by other presidents such as forming a cabinet
Jay's Treaty
This was supposed to stop Britain from impressing United States sailors and selling guns to the Native Americans. However, neither problem was solved with the resulting agreement.
Whiskey Rebellion
An early test of the US Constitution when Pennsylvania farmers and distillers protested a tax levied by Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton. The uprising was quickly settled and established the federal government's power to enforce its laws.
Washington's Farewell Address
Its main points included: avoiding political parties and not entering into permanent alliances with foreign nations, especially with Europe.
Alexander Hamilton
Co-writer of The Federalist Papers, first secretary of the treasury, promoted US economic development
Thomas Jefferson
Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the US, instrumental in the purchase of the Louisiana Territory
Protective Tariff
A tax on imported goods that is passed with the goal of protecting American industry
XYZ Affair
A 1797 incident in which French officials demanded a bribe from U.S. diplomats
Alien and Sedition Acts
Acts passed by federalists giving the government power to imprison or deport immigrants and prosecute critics of the government
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
These documents argued that the Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional
Nullification
A state's refusal to recognize an act of Congress that it considers unconstitutional
Bank of the United States
Alexander Hamilton's idea to have a central bank, controlled by the Federal government. This became a major states-rights issue.
Louisiana Purchase
Land between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains purchased from France by President Thomas Jefferson in 1803.
Lewis and Clark
Explorers who led the 1804-1806 expedition to survey lands included in the Louisiana Purchase
Marbury v. Madison
This Marshall Court case established the principle of judicial review
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