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5 terms

Drugs for Anxiety Disorders

Benzodiazepine sedative hypnotic anxiolytics, atypical anxiolytic/nonbarbiturate anxiolytics, and Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs antidepressants)
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Prototype Medication
--Diazepam (Valium)

Other Similar Medication Names?
Other Medications:
- Alprazolam (Xanax)
- Lorazepam (Ativan)
- Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
- Clorazepate (Tranxene)
- Oxazepam (Serax)
- Clonazepam (Klonopin)
Expected Pharmacological Action(s) of Diazepam
- Diazepam enhances the inhibitory effectts of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the CNS.
- Relief from the anxiety occurs rapidly following administration.
Therapeutic Uses of Diazepam
General Anxiety Disorder (GAD), panic disorder, seizure disorders, insomnia, muscle spasm, alcohol withdrawal, induction of anesthesia
Side Effects of Diazepam
CNS depression, Anterograde amnesia, Acute toxicity, Paradoxical response (CNS stimulation), withdrawal symptoms
Medication/Food Interactions of Diazepam
CNS depressants (such as alcohol, opioids, barbiturates) may result in respiratory depression