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Benzodiazepine sedative hypnotic anxiolytics, atypical anxiolytic/nonbarbiturate anxiolytics, and Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs antidepressants)

Prototype Medication
--Diazepam (Valium)

Other Similar Medication Names?

Other Medications:
- Alprazolam (Xanax)
- Lorazepam (Ativan)
- Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
- Clorazepate (Tranxene)
- Oxazepam (Serax)
- Clonazepam (Klonopin)

Expected Pharmacological Action(s) of Diazepam

- Diazepam enhances the inhibitory effectts of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the CNS.
- Relief from the anxiety occurs rapidly following administration.

Therapeutic Uses of Diazepam

General Anxiety Disorder (GAD), panic disorder, seizure disorders, insomnia, muscle spasm, alcohol withdrawal, induction of anesthesia

Side Effects of Diazepam

CNS depression, Anterograde amnesia, Acute toxicity, Paradoxical response (CNS stimulation), withdrawal symptoms

Medication/Food Interactions of Diazepam

CNS depressants (such as alcohol, opioids, barbiturates) may result in respiratory depression

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