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63 terms

APHG Exam Review 2

STUDY
PLAY
infant mortality rate
For every 1,000 babies born in Mozambique this year, nearly 150 of them will die before they reach their first birthday. The rate of 150 deaths per 1,000 births is known as the
stage 2
Rapidly declining crude death rates are found in which stage of the demographic transition?
dependency rate
The percentage of people who are too young or too old to work in a society is the
crude birth rate
The shape of a country's population pyramid is determined primarily by?
elderly people
The population pyramid of Naples, Florida, is "upside down," because the city has a large percentage of
food
Thomas Malthus concluded that the world's rate of population increase was higher than the development of
food production
In comparing Malthus's theory to actual world food production and population growth during the past half- century, the principal difference is that ___________________________ has been much higher than Malthus predicted.
low social standing, poor education
The low rate of contraceptive use in Africa reflects what about the region's status of women?
doubling time
China's one child policy has resulted in a substantial decline in many measurements such as crude birth rate, etc, but not in
force sterilization
India's most controversial family planning program has been to
migration
A permanent move to a new location is
is less than
A country has net immigration if emigration ________ immigration
political
Refugees migrate primarily because of which type of push factor?
pull
Opening of a new factory would be considered a migration __________________ factor
a pull factor changing to a push factor
Millions of West Africans who migrated to Nigeria during the 1970s, when the country's economy expanded, were expelled during the 1980s, when the country's economy declined. This is an example of
intervening obstacle
What is a physical feature, such as a body of water, which hinders migration?
economic
What factors usually induce voluntary migration?
political
People are forced to migrate primarily because of which factor?
mexicans
The largest numbers of recent immigrants to the United States are?
brain drain
What is the large-scale emigration of talented people?
chain
Most Asians are currently migrating to the United States through the process of _______________________ migration
mexico
The largest number of legal immigrants to the United States come from what country?
mexico
The largest number of undocumented immigrants to the United States come from what country?
less
Compared to other Mexicans, approximately half of the illegal Mexican immigrants to the United States are more likely to be _______________________ educated
Sunbelt and Far West
The U.S. center of population has moved steadily to the
urban, suburban
Current intraregional migration trend in the United States is from ______________ to ______________
south, north
The largest interregional migration in the United States of African-Americans has been from __________________ to ___________________
workers
Communist control of Eastern Europe caused many people to emigrate to the west. The Berlin Wall was built because communist Eastern governments feared losing
changing the capital to Brasilia
The Brazilian government encouraged interregional migration by?
net immigration
In the United States, what is likely to cause virtually all population growth in the next couple of decades?
rural to urban
What is the most prominent type of intraregional migration in the world?
rural migration
What is increased migration to rural areas and small towns?
custom
The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of a group of people is a
habit
A repetitive act performed by an individual is a
folk, popular
In contrast to ______________culture, ________________ culture is typical of large heterogeneous groups
popular
Which type of culture typically results in a more uniform cultural landscape?
relocation
Folk cultures are spread primarily by ________________________ diffusion
folk
The use of a horse and buggy by the Amish in the United States is an example of _______________ culture
popular, folk
_____________________ customs are more likely than _________________ customs to rapidly diffuse through modern communication systems
folk is local, popular is global, the hearth can be traced in popular culture but not in folk, folk uses relocation diffusion, popular uses hierarchial
List 4 differences between folk culture and popular culture
increase
The main effect of modern communications on social customs has been to __________________ the similarity of social customs in different locations
folk cultures/customs
What usually originate from familiar events in daily life.
Tennessee
List a major hearth of U.S. country music
a story about daily activities
Folk songs are distinguished from popular songs because they tell about
more
Popular customs most frequently originate in _______________ developed countries
relocation diffusion
The spatial distribution of soccer during the twentieth century is an example of
taboo
A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom is a
Judaism, Islam
A taboo against pork is a characteristic of which religions?
New England has saltbox houses, Middle Atlantic has functional houses, the South has small houses on raised platforms
List 3 factors in distinguishing different folk housing types in the United States
were not good/scarce
Pioneer farmers settling the grasslands of the American West often built houses of sod, while early settlers of the eastern forest built wooden structures like log cabins. This suggests that building materials
Mid-Atlantic
The most important house style in the United States since the 1960s is known as
popular
The diffusion of jeans is a good example primarily of ____________________ culture
seasonal availability
Americans' preferences for vegetables vary according to
not commodified
Why is alcohol consumption relatively low in Utah?
media
What typical characteristics of popular culture does the distribution of alcohol consumption in the United States display?
cultural
One significant impact of popular culture is to modify the _______________________ environment
number per capita, government control of media, and how long they've had TV
List 2 aspects geographers are concerned about with the distribution of television service?
Europe
The number of television sets per person is greatest in?
income
The choice of clothing in Western countries is strongly influenced by occupation, level of _________________________, and knowledge of fashion elsewhere
uniform landscape
Features of the U.S. landscape, such as gas stations, supermarkets, and motels, promote a
local
Many less developed countries fear the loss of __________________ culture because Western perspectives may become more dominant
meant to keep unique customs
Why do many people maintain their folk culture despite familiarity with popular culture?
popular
As they have more contact with _______________________ culture, women in less developed countries are more likely to gain more opportunities outside the home