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Activity List Quiz 11/16
Terms in this set (35)
Son of Portugal's king, Was the nation's most enthusiastic supporter of exploration, Help conquer the Muslim city of, Ceuta in North Africa which led him to see wealth in, Europe, Returned to Portugal determined to reach the source of treasures and wished to spread Christian faith. In 1419, he founded a navigation school
a Portuguese explorer who reached the tip of Africa, When crew was too exhausted so they did not continue to Asia
Vasco de Gama
Portuguese explorer who began exploring the east African coast, Reached India and brought back expensive silks and treasures, Gave Portugal direct sea route to India
Treaty of Tordesillas
A 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line at the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal, Established by Pope Alexander VI , Portugal suspected Columbus claimed for Spain lands that, Portuguese sailors might have reached it first
Dutch East India Company
A company founded by the Dutch in early 17th century established and direct trade throughout Asia, Richer and more powerful than England's company, These type of companies had the power to mint money, make treaties, and even raise their own armies.
Which event in the European exploration of the East is the most significant? Explain with references from the text
The event in the European exploration of the East is the most significant is that the Portuguese reach Asia. This is the most significant because even with the storm that blew, they found some kind of land. Once they reached Africa, the storm blew. Da Gama then traveled 27,000 miles because Portugal had a direct route to India.
What role did the Renaissance play in launching an age of exploration?
Prince Henry's goal was to reach your source of treasures in the East, to spread Christianity, overseas exploration. Vasco achieved his goal of finding new regions and treasures.
What European countries were competing for Asian trade during the age of exploration?
The European countries that were competing for Asian trade during the age of exploration was Portugal, Spain, Dutch, France, and England.
Why did inventors and sailors develop better tools for navigation?
Out in the ocean, the extreme winds would blow the ship off course. They needed to have a better navigation system because when European men would sail, they would easily get lost. Not only did they have to invent better navigation systems, they also need to have a new style of ship. Europeans used successful designs from other cultures.
What type of navigational or other tools do sailors use today? Choose a tool and write a brief explanation of what it does.
Today, sailors use more advanced radars. Marine radars are usually short range radars that are used by ships to pinpoint locations about other ships and land in the area. These frequencies with which these radars are operated are known as "x-band" frequencies.
What were the motives behind European exploration in the 1400's? Explain.
The three motives behind European exploration in the 1400s were God, Glory, and Gold. God was one of the three motives for European exploration because the spread of Christianity motivated them to travel more. Europeans hoped to for hostility between Christians and Muslims. Gold was one of the three motives for European exploration the the 1400s because though overseas exploration, merchants and traders hoped ultimately to benefit from what had become profitable business in Europe. Glory was was one the three motives behind European exploration in the 1400s because of the technology that made exploration possible. During the 1200s, it was impossible to sail because of the harsh winds. Shipbuilders had designed new vessels, the carnival which were more sturdier than earlier vessels.
Genoese sea captain, Was a competions for the wealth in Asia among European nations, prompted him to make a daring voyage from Spain in 1492, Instead of sailing south around African then east, he sailed west across the Atlantic in search of an alternate trade route to Asia and its riches, Never reached Asia but stepped onto an island in the Caribbean which brought together the peoples of Europe, Africa, and the Americas, Colony a land controlled by another nation, The spanish had intended to transform the islands of the Caribbean into colonies
A Spaniard that landed on the shores of Mexico and colonized several Caribbean islands. He marched 600 men through Mexico to conquer the Aztec Empire in 1521
Followers known as conquistadors
the Spanish soldiers, explorers, and the fortune hunters who took part in the conquest of Americas in the 16th century, Spanish explorers who followed Hernando Cortes were known as conquistadors, Rumors of vast lands filled with gold and silver and conquistadors carved out colonies in regions that would become Mexico, South America, and the United States
an conquistador that marched a small force into South America, Conquered the Incan Empire
Incan ruler near the city of Cajamarca, Commanded a force of about 30,000 brought several thousand mostly unarmed men for the meeting, Spaniards waited in ambush, crushed the Incan force, and kidnapped Atahualpa, Atahualpa offered to fill a room once with gold and twice with silver in exchange from his release, after ransom, Spanish strangled the Incan king
a person of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry
When Spanish settlers lived among the Native Americans, there was cultural blending which caused relationships with each other
a grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it, The spanish forced native Americans to work within the system, Under the system, natives farmed, ranched, and mined for spanish landlords
Which of these events do you think had the greatest impact?
The event that I think had the greatest impact was Spain's influence expanding. Spain's American colonies helped make it the richest, most powerful nations in the world during much of the 16th century. Many ships filled with treasures from the America's continually sailed into Spanish harbors. This newfound helped usher in a golden age of art and culture in Spain. Also during this time, Spain had build a stronger military to protect its treasure- filled ship, and had built a strong and powerful navy. Another event that had the greatest impact was Cortes conquering the Aztecs. He had defeated the Aztec empire and had also claimed Mexico for Spain.
What process did Columbus and his followers begin
The process that Columbus and his followers began to do was to bring together the peoples of Europe, Africa, and the America's.
Why were most of the Spanish explorers drawn to the Americas
Most of the Spanish explorers were drawn to the Americas because because of the rumors of vast lands filled with gold and silver.
Which country was the richest and most powerful in the 16th century, and why
Spain was the richest and most powerful country in the 16th century. This is because ships were filled with treasures from Americas continually sailed into Spanish harbors. This newfound wealth helped usher in a golden age of art and culture in Spain. Also, Spain increased its military to protect its treasures-filled ships, and also built a powerful navy. To build a stronger military and navy, they were strengthen forces by creating a skillful and determined army.
What was basic difference between French and English attitudes about the land they acquired in North America
The basic difference between French and English attitudes about the land they acquired in North America was that the French penetrated the north American in 1673. France's land that they conquered was vast, but had a little amount of people living there. The English were more interested on finding gold and planting crops.
What was the main result of the French and Indian war
The main result of the French and Indian war was that it became a seven year war. France allied with Britain in the war and eventually won the war.
What were some of the results for Native Americans of European colonization of North America
Some of the results for Native Americans of European colonization of North America was the King Philip's war. The war lasted a year and even after that, North America had many small troops throughout.
What may have been one reason the English eventually beat the French in North America
One reason that the English eventually beat the French in North America was that the French surrendered.
What need drove the English farther west into the North American continent
The need drove the English farther west into the North American continent was to claim the Ohio Valley
In what ways did the colony at Jamestown and Massachusetts Bay differ
Some ways the colony at Jamestown and Massachusetts Bay differ is that the colony at Jamestown was focused on finding gold and planting crops. The Massachusetts Bay was focused on finding religious freedom.
New France Location
Today New York Harbor and Montreal
They wanted to make money off the land.
New Netherlands Location
Today Albany on Manhattan Island
The trading posts and they were looking the North West sea route to Asia, but could not find a route.
Massachusetts Bay Location
Wanted to build a model community that would set an example for other Christians to follow.
What do these settlements have in common
What these settlements have in common is that they all are in the North East coast and they were all looking for trade.
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