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Arts and Humanities
APUSH: World War I
Terms in this set (29)
the state of not taking sides, especially in a war or dispute
a major part of the German naval effort against the allies during World War I; when employed against the United States it precipitated American participation in the war.
a British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
A promise Germany made to America, after Wilson threatened to sever ties, to stop sinking their ships without warning.
World war I alliance of Britian, France, and Russia, and later joined by Italy, the United States, and others.
World War I alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
A secret German message to Mexico supporting the Mexican government in regaining Arizona and Texas if the Mexicans declared war on the United States, a factor propelling the United States into World War I in April 1917.
Prompted by labor unrest, personal liberties, and elected representatives, this political revolution occurred in 1917 when Czar Nicholas II was murdered and Vladimir Lenin sought control to implement his ideas of socialism.
act of assembling and putting into readiness for war or other emergency: "mobilization of the troops"
head of the Committee on Public Information 1917 which was allegedly formed to combat wartime rumors by providing authoritative info. It served as propaganda agency proclaiming the govn'ts version of reality and discrediting those who questioned that version.
Wilson created war agencies that would be staffed by volunteers in order for America to contribute supplies to the Allies. Agencies included the: War Industries Board, Food Administration, Fuel Administration, and National War Labor Board.
Espionage Act (1917)
United States federal law passed shortly after entering World War I, on June 15, 1917, which made it a crime for a person to convey information with intent to interfere with the operation or success of the armed forces of the United States or to promote the success of its enemies. The legislation was passed at the urging of President Woodrow Wilson, who feared any widespread dissent in time of war, thinking that it constituted a real threat to an American victory. In simple terms, its a law which punished people for aiding the enemy or refusing military duty during WW1.
Sedition Act (1918)
Law passed during WW1 which made it illegal for Americans to speak disloyally about the US government.
Schenck vs. United States
under the Espionage Act of 1917, a person can not use the first amendment as protection when speaking against the US government and military.
2nd definition: A man was imprisoned for distributing pamphlets against the draft. Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes concluded that right to free speech could be limited when it represented a "clear and present danger" to the public safety.
Selective Service Act
Law requiring men to register for military service.
Radical Marxist political party founded by Vladimir Lenin in 1903. Under Lenin's leadership, the Bolsheviks seized power in November 1917 during the Russian Revolution.
the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations.
Treaty of Versailles
Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to repair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manufacture any weapons.
The Big Four were the four most important leaders, and the most important ones at the Paris Peace Conference. They were Woodrow Wilson- USA, David Lloyd George- UK, George Clemenceau- France, and Vittorio Orlando- Italy.
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations.
Henry Cabot Lodge
Henry Cabot Lodge was a Republican who disagreed with the Treaty of Versailles , and who was the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He mostly disagreed with the section that called for the League to protect a member who was being threatened.
Led by Henry Cabot Lodge, was a group of Republicans that were for the Leauge of Nations, but wanted a few changes.
Senators opposed to ratification of the Treaty of Versailles on any grounds; lead by isolationists William Borah, Hiram Johnson, and Robert La Follette.
Intense fear of communism and other politically radical ideas.
A 1920 operation coordinated by Attorney General Mitchel Palmer in which federal marshals raided the homes of suspected radicals and the headquarters of radical organization in 32 cities.
An outspoken radical who was deported after being arrested on charges of being an anarchist, socialist, or labour agitator. United States anarchist (born in Russia) who opposed conscription.
The unions' method for having their demands met. Workers stop working until the conditions are met. It is a very effective form of attack.
Resulting from the Great Migration, growing black communities in northern cities were getting closer to white community borders. this occasionally resulted in violence, such as the East St. Louis Riot of 1917. However, this was not the first race rioting America, nor would it be the last- riots would plague the nation for decades.
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