for a test on the US Constitution in 8th Grade Core
How does the Constitution of the United States provide for changes, so that it may be fluid with time and appropriate for future generations?
The Constitution can be amended
An amendment to the Constitution must pass by what minimum margins?
A 2/3 majority in the House and Senate and adoption by at least 3/4 of the states, a signature of the president is not required
When the Constitution was first ratified, how were US Senators elected?
By a vote of the state legislatures
The Constitution creates what type of government?
A Republican form of government
In the form of government expressed in the Declaration of Independence and defined by the Constitution, power flows:
From God to the people, then to the elected officials
The Constitution requires Congress to be assembled:
Only once per year
The powers which are not specifically stated in the Constitution as powers of the federal government, are:
Automatically given to the states
Choose the only power in the following list which the Constitution DOES NOT give to Congress:
The power to create a Social Security system
Choose the only power in the following list which the Constitution does not give to the states:
The power to enter into an agreement with a foreign power
Prior to the passage of the 16th Amendment in 1913, income taxes were unconstitutional. How did the federal government pay for itself before income taxes were collected?
Import duties, excise taxes and taxes divided among the states by population
The Constitution does not allow any bills of attainder to be passed-- bills of attainder are:
Bills which allow forfeiture of rights or property without trial
The Constitution does not allow the passage of any ex-facto law-- ex-facto laws are:
Laws which take effect before they are passed
According the the Constitution, the minimum infraction necessary for the impeachment of a judge is:
The Constitution allows the president to make treaties and agreements with foreign powers, providing that:
A 2/3 majority of the Senate concurs
The Senate and the Electoral College share a common reason for their existence, which is:
To give a greater voice to the smaller states
Which of the following phrases DOES NOT appear in the Constitution?
...a wall of separation between Church and state
The Constitution states that:
The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed
The Constitution states that the people have a right to be secure against unreasonable search and seizures, and requires that warrants specify:
The place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized
According to the Constitution, a trial by jury cannot be denied if the value of the lawsuit exceeds:
The Constitution allows government:
to take private property for public use, but only if the owner is paid a fair price for it
The whom does the Constitution guarantee the right to vote?
The Constitution states that no person shall be deprived of:
Life, liberty, or property
The Constitution forbids slavery or involuntary servitude, except:
As a punishment for a crime
The Constitution allows the federal government (congress) to promote the progress of science and the useful arts of:
Giving authors and inventors exclusive rights to their work
According to the Constitution, who has the right to govern that part of the military employed in the service of the United States?
freedom of: religion, speech, press, assembly, to petition the government
right to keep and bear arms
one cannot be forced to house soldiers during time of peace, but can be forced to house soldiers in times of war
right to be secure in person, house, paper, effect; no warrants will be issued without probable cause and the warrant must list places, persons, and things to be seized
a grand jury is needed for capital or infamous crimes; no grand jury is needed for armed forces crimes; you cannot be tried for the same thing twice; cannot be forced to be a witness against yourself; cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process or law; no private property can be taken without just compensation
right to a speedy and public trial; right to impartial jury in place where the crime was committed; right to be informed of the nature of the charge; right to be confronted by witnesses against you; right to force witnesses for your side to testify; right a defense attorney
right to a jury trial if the value your fighting exceeds $20
no excessive bail or fines; no cruel or unusual punishments
if a right is forgotten-- the people still get it
if the Constitution says the federal government or national government get to do it, then that is law, but if it is not mentioned, the right goes to the state, if they don't want it, it goes to the people
Name 1 important idea found in the Declaration of Independence:
All men are created equal
What does freedom of religion mean?
we can believe and practice any religion or none at all
What are the two parts of the United States Congress?
Senate & House of Representatives
Name one thing only the federal government can do:
Name one thing only a state government can do:
issue marriage licenses
What are the two major political parties in the US today?
Republicans and Democrats
What are inalienable rights?
individual rights that people are born with
Name 2 rights of that are only for United States citizens:
right to vote, right to hold office
Name 2 rights of every living in the US:
freedom of trial by jury, freedom of the press
When was the Constitution written?
Name 1 famous battle from the Revolutionary War:
Battle of Lexington
Who is called the "Father of our Country"?
course of legal proceedings established by the legal system of a nation or a state to protect individual rights and liberties, rights EVERYONE (in the US) gets
bill of attainder
a legislative measure that condemns and punishes a person without the benefits of a trial by jury (Bill Clinton lied under oath- you cannot punish someone before they go to court)
ex post facto law
a law that punishes a person for doing something before the law making it illegal was passed (ex post facto laws are illegal)
the right of the government to take private property for public use- a just compensation is given to the owner (5th Amendment)
writ of Habeas Corpus
writ (order/piece of paper) to have detained person brought before the court to decide the legality of detention (my rights have been violated)