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Psychology Chapter 11 Quiz
Terms in this set (20)
Psychologists define stress as:
the process by which we appraise and respond to threatening or challenging events
One person regards a new job as a challenge, whereas another regards the same new job as a potential threat. These different perceptions best illustrate:
In the 1920s, Walter Cannon discovered that stress produced an outpouring of ________ into the bloodstream.
Cameron, a 50-year-old electrician, opens his pay envelope and, to his surprise, finds a pink slip inside indicating that he has been fired from his job. Which phase of the general adaptation syndrome is Cameron most likely experiencing?
The three successive phases of the general adaptation syndrome are:
alarm reaction, resistance, and exhaustion
Psychoneuroimmunology is most broadly concerned with how the psychological, neural, and endocrine systems together affect the:
Who is the best example of a Type A personality?
Philip, a competitive, hot-tempered corporation president
To alleviate the stress of losing her job, Alicia enrolled in a work-retraining program that led to full-time employment. Alicia's behavior best illustrates:
an external locus of control***
Dogs strapped in a harness and given repeated shocks that they could not avoid developed
Those who perceive an internal locus of control believe that:
individuals can influence their own outcomes in life
In the long run, people who practice self-regulation through physical exercise and time-managed study programs experience an increase in:
Alex experiences little stress because he expects things to work out the way he wants them to. This best illustrates the value of:
Which of the following is most likely to foster stronger immune functioning?
Aerobic exercise has been most closely linked to a decrease in:
The correlation between religious involvement and life expectancy best illustrates the health value of:
the faith factor
The feel-good, do-good phenomenon refers to the fact that when people feel happy they:
are more willing to help others
The study of positive emotions, desirable character traits, and enabling institutions is central to the subfield known as:
During the last half-century, the buying power of Americans has ________ and their self-reported personal happiness has ________.
increased; remained almost unchanged
Which of the following best explains why, for those who are not poor, more money buys little more than a temporary surge of happiness?
the adaptation-level phenomenon
Which of the following factors has been found to be clearly related to feelings of general happiness or life satisfaction?
having an active religious faith