Terms in this set (45)
One of 3 Branches of the U.S. government. This includes the Supreme Court. The role of this branch is to interpret and evaluate the laws.
One of 3 Branches of the U.S. government. This includes the President, Vice President, and the Cabinet. The role of this branch is to carry out the laws.
One of 3 Branches of the U.S. government. This includes the House of Representatives and the Senate. The role of this branch is to create/make the laws.
A foundation for a system of belief.
To reject a decision or idea. This is usually the right of the President.
Does not accurately represent the values, ideas, or procedures of the Constitution.
The highest judicial court in the country.
Bill of Rights
First ten amendments of the Constitution that guarantee certain acts such as freedom of speech.
Being free in society without a government or person restricting behavior or political views.
Guaranteed rights that can not be taken away.
Bear (Bear Arms)
Carry (carry guns/have guns)
Fair treatment in the judicial system.
Fair or honest treatment or behavior
A change to a document.
Abuse (of power)
The official power to make legal decisions over a certain area.
Political authority that controls a nation or group of states.
A request to authority to change a particular cause.
A collection of 85 essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay promoting the United States Constitution and its ratification.
A list of liberties/rights guaranteed by King John of England. It was written in 1215.
English Bill of Rights
A list of rights/liberties for English citizens following the Glorious Revolution. It also set up the order of succession for the monarchy.
A system where people elect representatives for government who share their interests and concerns.
A government system where the population participates in government through elected representatives.
To be put in prison or jail
To collect (money/taxes)
A person who opposed the United States Constitution. They preferred strong state governments and a weaker central government.
An advocate or supporter for a strong federal government.
A gathering in 1787 to discuss amendments to the Articles of Confederation which resulted in the drafting of the current Constitution.
Declaration of Independence
A political document that was drafted during the Second Continental Congress by Thomas Jefferson. The document stated that the colonies are legally and politically separated from Great Britain.
Being superior to others (Supremacy clause in the Constitution).
A person can not be prosecuted (tried for a crime) twice for the same crime.
Unbiased (do not pick sides), fair and just
A body of peers (people) who give a verdict (decision) over legal cases in court.
Two houses or chambers in Congress
A form of government in which a monarch acts as head of the government. They have to follow the rules of the Constitution and of Congress.
Governing a country, state, or colony by its own people.
House of Representatives
One house of the U.S. Legislative branch. The number of representatives are based on population. This house is part of a bicameral Congress that creates laws for the country.
One house of the U.S. Legislative branch. There is equal representation because each states has 2 senators. The senate confirms judges and ratifies treaties. This house is part of a bicameral Congress that creates laws for the country.
Powers of government are restricted by the Constitution
Voters hold the the power and elect representatives can exercise the power for the people.
Checks and Balances
Each of the three branches of government have some control over the other branches. The branches share power between them.
Power is divided between national and state government.
Separation of Powers
Each branch of government has its own responsibilities and limitations (things it can't do).
Authority for government flows from the people and they rule through their representatives.
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