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Elements of Fiction: How to Build a Short Story

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characterization
A method an author uses to let readers know more about the characters and their personal traits.
setting
It refers to the time and place which the events of a story take place.
plot
A series of related events in a story, each connected to the next.
exposition
A narrative device; The introductory material which gives the setting, creates the tone, presents the characters, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story.
rising action
a related series of incidents in a literary plot that build toward the point of greatest interest.
climax
Most exciting moment of the story; turning point
falling action
Events following the climax
resolution
End of the story where loose ends are tied up
point of view
first-person, second-person, third-person
first person point of view
Told from the viewpoint of one of the characters using the pronouns "I" and We"
third person point of view
the narrator observes the action but does not take place part in it. Reader is given the narrators perspective
conflict
the struggle between opposing forces or characters in a story.
dialogue
Conversation between two or more characters
description
A rhetorical mode based in the five senses. It aims to re-create, invent, or present something so that the reader can experience it.
short story
brief work of fiction
novel
A long work of fiction