Literary Devices in the Aeneid
Terms in this set (36)
repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive clauses
repetition of initial consonant sounds
lack of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses or words
deliberate use of many conjunctions
extended description of art or nature in literary work
a form of ellipse by which a speaker comes to an abrupt halt, seemingly overcome by passion or modesty
a sudden turn from the general audience to address a specific group or person or personified abstraction absent or present.
the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words
a pause between words occurring within a metrical foot; the effect at the principal caesura in a line of verse (generally within the third foot, or in both the second and fourth, in the dactylic hexameter) is sometimes to emphasize the word immediately preceding or following.
two corresponding pairs arranged not in parallels (a-b-a-b) but in inverted order (a-b-b-a)
omission of one or more words necessary to the sense of a sentence but easily understood from the context; often a form of the verb sum or a speech verb.
delay of the final word or phrase of a sentence or clause to the beginning of the following verse, to emphasize an idea or create suspense.
use of two conjoined nouns instead of a noun and modifier
lack of elision where two syllables would ordinarily be elided, usually employed for emphasis at the end of a clause.
the strategic separation of linked words for the purpose of emphasis
exaggeration for emphasis or for rhetorical effect.
description of events in an order reversing their logical sequence
expression of something which is contrary to the intended meaning; the words say one thing but mean another.
understatement, for intensification, by denying the contrary of the thing being affirmed
implied comparison achieved through a figurative use of words; the word is used not in its literal sense, but in one analogous to it.
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
using words that imitate the sound they denote
apparent paradox achieved by the juxtaposition of words which seem to contradict one another.
attribution of personality to an impersonal thing.
using more words than necessary
repetition of a word in a different case or inflection in the same sentence
pretended omission for rhetorical effect.
the anticipation, in adjectives or nouns, of the result of the action of a verb; also, the positioning of a relative clause before its antecedent.
literally "making a face" in Greek and has two variations according to the ancients. The first is personification in which inanimate objects are given human speech and sometimes other characteristics developing into characters at times. This can be such diverse things as a door or a shade (ghost). The other variation given by Quintilian, which he mentions was called "dialogue" by many of the ancients, is when the speaker impersonates a person or a conversation between persons, typically their opponent(s) in a court case.
interlocked word order - ABAB
a part of something used to signify the whole. (Example: ten head of cattle, all hands on deck.) Understanding one thing with another; the use of a part for the whole, or the whole for the part. (A form of metonymy.)
the separation of a compound word into two parts.
application of an adjective to one noun when it properly applies to another, often involving personification and focusing special attention on the modified noun.
a combination of three elements increasing in size.
two different words linked to a verb or an adjective which is strictly appropriate to only one of them
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Caesar: De Bello Gallico 1.1
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Aeneid ll. 81-201
Independent Uses of Subjunctive