English- Unit : American Literature
- Speech in the Virginia Convention - The Declaration of Independence and An American Crisis - To His Excellency, George Washington - The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin
Terms in this set (15)
What are rhetorical devices?
patterns of words and ideas that create emphasis, clarify meaning, and stir listener's emotions.
What are the four types of rhetorical devices?
Repetition, parallelism, exclamation and antithesis
Give the definition of repetition.
restating an idea using the same words
Give an example of repetition in the Speech in the Virginia Convention.
Until the glorious object of our contest shall be obtained- we must fight. I repeat it, sir, we must fight! An appeal to arms and to the God of Hosts is all that is left us!
Give the definition of Antithesis
juxtaposition of strongly contrasting words, images, or ideas.
Give an example of Antithesis in the Speech in the Virginia Convention.
"No man thinks more highly than I do of the patriotism as well as abilities, of the very worthy gentlemen who have just addressed the house. But. different men often see the same subject in different lights and therefore , I hope it will not be thought disrespectful to those gentlemen."
He is comparing himself highly regarding patriotism to other people that do not value patriotism.
Give the definition of Parallelisn
repeating a grammatical structure
Give an example of Parallelism in the Speech in the Virginia Convention
"We have petitioned, we have remonstrated; we have supplicated; we have prostrated ourselves before the throne
This repetition shows the repeated attempts to make peace with England but all failed.
Give the definition of Exclamation
an emotional statement often indicated in texts by an exclamation mark.
Give an example of Exclamation in the Speech in the Virginia Convention.
Forbid it, Almighty God!
What is persuasion?
the writing that presents an argument, or message meant to get readers to think or act in a certain way.
What type of techniques does effective persuasion use?
appeal to emotion to influence reader's feelings
appeal to logic to show that an argument is well reasoned
appeal to ethics to show that an argument is just or fair
appeals to authority to show that a higher power supports the ideas
What are heroic couplets?
a traditional poetic form or structure.
- are written in a sequence of rhyming couplets or pair of lines
- expresses complete thought
- have end rhymes at the end of each line
- are written in iambic pentameter, a meter in which five unstressed syllables are each followed by a stressed syllable
Describe classical mythology in "To His Excellency, General Washington."
the influence of traditional literature is also evident in Wheatley's many references to archetypal figures
- creates a goddess called Columbia to symbolize America
- refers to mother earth and her children how the world is in fear and awe of her and divinely fair
- refers to the Muse or Greek goddess (Erato) thought Greek of Winds to deforms the earth
What is an aphorism?
short sayings with a message
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