Terms in this set (49)
What did the Hebrews become in the forty years it took to return to Canaan from Egypt?
a covenant community, owing their allegiance to one God only
After _______death the kingdom was divided into two. The northern kingdom was the ten tribes of Israel, and the southern kingdom was the two tribes of Judah. Because of idolatry, Israel and Judah became vulnerable to outside threats.
The ____ is the growing number of Jews not living in Judea (area around southern Palestine) and people dispersed from their land
"Whatever is hateful to you, do not do to your neighbor. That is the entire of the Torah. The rest is commentary; go and learn it." was said by
_____ was a rabbi who earned his living as a physician and worked at the court of the Muslim sultan Saladin in Cairo
_____most famous for his theological and philosophical writings
Moses Maimonides,argued that there was no contradiction between Greek philosophy and teachings of
_____ means "pious" in Hebrew and is a movement within Judaism founded in eighteenth-century Poland where pious devotion to God is as important as study of the Torah
This type of modern Judaism advocated full integration into the culture where one lived
This type of modern Judaism advocates modifying Jewish tradition in a limited manner
This type of modern Judaism advocated strictly following the Torah
This type of modern Judaism advocated Judaism as a cultural, not just a religion
What are the three divisions of the Tanak?
The Hebrew Bible is called the
the three divisions of the Tankak are the ___, ___, and ___
The torah, the first 5 books, the nevi'im, or prophets, and the Ketuvim, or writings.
the most important of the Tankak is the first five books. What are they?
" Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy."
_____, or prophets. "includes the three Major Prophets, Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel, as well as the twelve Minor Prophets, such as Hosea and Amos"
______, or writings. "includes such writings as Job, Psalms, and Proverbs.
_______ is a huge collection of doctrines and laws compiled and written before the 8th Century, A.D., by ancient Jewish teachers.
The Talmud,, is the basic book of Jewish _____it inspires and guides Jews in their religious life.
What is the difference between the Oral Torah and the Written Torah?
The ______Torah," a set of teachings, interpretations, and insights that complement the written Torah"
It is in _______ that the great creative and imaginative genius of the Jews blossomed, and you often find psychological, emotional, and spiritual insights in it. Literary genre interpreting the bible
Jews believe that God exists, God is one, God is Creator, and God is
Christians understand the Torah to be the First ______books. 10 commandments. God's spiritual revelation.
How are both reverence and familiarity operational with the Torah?
When the Torah isn't being used, it's dressed and kept in the Ark. When the Torah is taken out, they touch, kiss, or dance with it
When did the call to be a Chosen People originate with the Jews?
The time of Abraham
What does it mean to say that Jews are God's Chosen People?
Holy and separate. Entails that god has made a covenant with the jewish people to be with god
They all believe in one God. Not only does God exist but God is also the creator of all things. God created, and thus, God is good. Because God is good, God desires _______from all creation.
Christians understand the Torah to be the Jewish_____
They also understand that Jewish law is the same as the law that can be found in the_____
The Torah is also known as the _______in a Christian Bible, or the first five books in the Bible.
God chose the Jewish people, so they are called to respond to this honor. They must show reverence towards God as a part of their special ______with Him. It is not only a select group that is called to this responsibility, but all Jewish people.
The two main cycles of the Jewish calendar are __ and ___
Tishri and Nisan
_______, which is in the Fall.
_______which is in the spring
Jewish calendar- _____calendar and Roman/civil calendar- ______calendar
lunar ; solar
Durning _____ Jew pray, fast, and repent; Jews look at themselves and change
They are between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur and its when Jews turn back to a proper way of
The _____ is a weekly event that is from sunset Friday to sunset Saturday and Jews rest on the 7th day, as God did and there is a dinner on Friday evening
The Jewish Sabbath
What does the word synagogue mean?
Place of assembly
What takes place in a synagogue?
Readings of the torah
Three purposes of a synagogue: place of
worship, place of study, please of social gathering
Many Jews keep a kosher (meaning "proper") home, following strict_______preparation rules.
dietary and food
The kosher designation for prepared food means its ingredients and preparation has been certified as kosher by proper____
What is the significance of the Land of Israel and the city of Jerusalem for Jews?
It is the promise land
List four areas in which Jews and Catholics are in agreement.
One god, Abraham is the father in faith, God has made multiple covenants with the Jewish people, and that God has broken no covenant, affirm God's revelation on Mount Sinai, accept the 10 commandments, pray the same psalms, God has spoken to us through the prophets, Hebrew Bible is the word of God.
What is the difference between what Catholics believe about Jesus and what Jews believe about Jesus?
Heritic to radical rabii
What are some similarities between the Mass and Passover, Holy Thursday and Passover, and Shavuot and Pentecost?
Mass is the celebratin of the eucharist , Holy Thursday is the celebration of the last supper and was a passover meal, Shavout is the spring harvest and Pentecost is known as teh birthday of the Church