Excelsior U.S. History Unit 4 (Ch. 10)

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Queen Liliuokalani
Surrendered her reign of Hawaii to the US in 1893.
Imperialism
The policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories. In America, three factors fueled our imperialism: desire for military strength, a thirst for new markets, and the belief in cultural superiority.
Alfred T. Mahan
The Admiral who urged the US to build up the navy.
William Seward
Secretary of State who arranged for the purchase of Alaska from Russia in 1867.
Pearl Harbor
The best port in all of Hawaii which became a naval base and refueling station.
Sanford B. Dole
Became the first governor of Hawaiian territory after the revolution
Jose Marti
Cuban journalist living in New York who organized a revolution in Cuba against Spain.
Valeriano Weyler
Spanish General sent to Cuba to restore order.
yellow journalism
A sensational style of writing used to lure readers through exaggeration.
U.S.S. Maine
US ship sent to Cuba to rescue people which blew up in the Havana harbor
George Dewey
US Commodore who fought Spain in the Philippine capital of Manila.
Rough Riders
A group of volunteer cavalry who fought against Spain in Cuba during the Spanish-American War.
San Juan Hill
The most strategically important and most famous battle in Cuba.
Treaty of Paris
The document signed to end the war with Spain. It also gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the US as well as the Philippines and short-term control of Cuba.
Foraker Act
Ended military rule in Puerto Rico and set up a civil government.
Platt Amendment
Addition to Cuba's Constitution which made several allowances for the US.
protectorate
A country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power.
Emilio Aguinaldo
A rebel leader in the Philippines who led the people to revolt against the US.
John Hay
Secretary of State who issued a series of statements to ensure that no single nation would have a monopoly on trade with China.
Open Door notes
The series of policy statements made to ensure that no single nation would have a monopoly on trade with China.
Boxer Rebellion
The revolt in China made by a group known as the Boxers to rid China of "foreign devils".
Panama Canal
The section of Panama used to create a waterway from the Atlantic to the Pacific oceans. America built the canal by supporting Panamanian Independence.
Roosevelt Corollary
A new addition to the Monroe Doctrine which allowed the US to use force to protect its interests in Latin America.
Dollar Diplomacy
The policy of using the US government to guarantee loans made to foreign countries by American businesspeople.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa
Mexican revolutionary who attacked the US and its citizens.
Emiliano Zapata
Mexican revolutionary dedicated to land reform.
John J. Pershing
US Brigadier General charged with hunting down "Pancho" Villa.
Grover Cleveland
U.S. President in power when the issues with Hawaii came to light.
Anti-Imperialism
The movement against Imperialism. Those who believed in anti-imperialism were against the expansion of stronger nations over weaker territories as well as using cheap laborers from other territories.
Spanish-American War
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Theodore Roosevelt
President of the United States, Rough-rider, developed the Roosevelt Corollary, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for helping to end the war between Russian and Japan, and held to the idea of "speak softly and carry a big stick".