24 terms

Endocrine and Reproductive Systems

organs and functions of each system
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Male Reproductive System
specialized to produce sperm and the hormone testosterone.
Testes
organ of the male reproductive system in which sperm and testosterone are produced
Testosterone
A hormone produced by the testes that controls the development of physical characteristics in mature men.
Scrotum
an external pouch of skin in which the testes are located
Sperm
the male sex cell (aka, reproductive cell or special cell)
Semen
a mixture of sperm and fluids
Female Reproductive System
produces eggs and if fertilized, nourishes a baby until birth.
Ovaries
organs of the female reproductive system in which eggs and estrogen are produced
Estrogen
a hormone produced by the ovaries that controls the development of eggs and adult female characteristics
Fallopian tubes
passageway for eggs from an ovary to the uterus
Vagina
a muscular passageway leading to the outside of the body; also called the birth canal
Uterus
the hollow muscular organ of the female reproductive system in which a fertilized egg develops
Endocrine System
produces chemicals that control many of body's daily activities and long term changes like growth and development
Endocrine glands
ductless glands that produce and release hormones
Hormone
Chemical product of an endocrine gland
Hypothalamus
endocrine gland that links the nervous and endocrine systems & controls the pituitary gland
Pituitary gland
"Master Gland" controls other endocrine glands and regulates growth
Thymus gland
helps immune system
Adrenal Glands
triggers the body's response to emergency situations
Thyroid glands
controls the release of energy from food molecules inside cells
Parathyroid glands
regulate the amount of calcium in the blood
Pancreas
produces insulin and glucagon which control blood glucose level
Ovaries
release female sex hormones (estrogen & progesterone)
Testes
release male sex hormone (testosterone)