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Tourism Exam 2
Terms in this set (50)
When is repeat business best assured?
tourism product prices are substantially lowered.
word-of-mouth advertising is positive.
A group of visitors with a narrow range of motivation would most interested in what type of destination?
a destination offering many experiences
The study of tourist motivation requires what type of approach?
What area of study is usually considered to be of greatest value in efforts to understand travel behavior?
Why do certain groups of travelers seek particular holiday experiences?
there is no one answer
Cultural tourism is concerned with people learning about what?
People learning about each others ways of life
From an international touristic point of view, what is a principal weaknesses of museums?
they often have exhibits labeled in one language.
What are the effective ways for a hotel to participate in the development of local culture?
-post museum hours on a bulletin board
-provide schedules of cultural events for guests and arrange for tickets
-provide programs of local music and dance
-dress employees in local costumes
What is "life-seeing tourism?"
being hosted by a local person who is familiar with his or her field of interest and engaging in a planned program of activities
What is the relationship between appropriate tourism development and heritage preservation?
---NOT SURE YET---read ch 10
What aspects of a destination's culture are most likely to attract visitors to most destinations?
-history of the destination
-the paintings, sculptures and attractions of the destination
-the way food is grown, processed and eaten
-music and dance of the destination
What elements combine to create a successful tourism experience?
----not sure yet---read ch 11
What is the main purpose of mass tourism?
Cultural, and visiting attractions.
What are the "extremities" of international traveler preferences?
As mass tourism grows, what will be the effect on the economy of the host country?
The effect on the economy of the host country will grow
What is travel's most effective contribution to international understanding?
personal social contacts between visitors and hosts
(check) ch 11
To turn potential tourism supply into actual supply, what is the first obstacle to overcome?
the lack or inadequacy of access routes.
How do we match the supply of hotel rooms with demand?
by application of a mathematical formula based on factual data and estimates concerning visitors
What are common resource use problems that nearly always occur when planning to increase tourism supply?
-limit the resource to a single use or develop it for multiple use.
-develop the resource as a single season destination or for multiple season use.
-develop natural resources that are near large
-concentrations of population or those that are far from population centers.
-develop natural resources through private enterprise or through the government sector.
The Natural resources of a tourism destination are primarily associated with ______________ programs?
According to Travel Weekly, which "Favorite Thing To Do" is most favored by European-bound travelers?
dining at restaurants
What is the best method of forecasting tourism demand?
What is the formula for visitor-days as a measure of demand?
# of visitor arrivals x average length of stay
What is the most meaningful measure of travel demand?
amount of money spent in the area
Seasonal fluctuations in demand are a problem in most areas. What is a recommended method of leveling out demand?
increase multiple-use possibilities.
When we consider demand in tourism, what do we mean?
It is people willing and able to buy at a schedule of prices
What is meant by elasticity of demand for travel?
a cut in price means more revenue generated than at the higher price
The optimum price for a hotel room would be one that maximizes what?
The "multiplier" effect of tourist spending ultimately does what to the economic impact of tourist spending?
Increases the economic impact of tourist spending
What is the equation for the economic multiplier?
ΔC / ΔY ....C is consumption Y is income
Why is tourism an "invisible" export?
tourism constitutes non-merchandise transactions
Considering tourism from Brazil to the U.S., is tourism an import or export for the US?
export for the us
What are some negative economic effects of tourism?
inflationary pressure, overdependence on tourism and environmental costs.
Is demand for tourism in general thought to be income elastic or inelastic?
What is Tourism Policy?
a set of regulations, rules, guidelines,
directives and development/promotion
objectives and strategies that provide a
framework within which the collective and
individual decisions directly affecting
tourism development and the daily
activities within a destination are taken.
Tourism policy fulfills what functions?
-provides a common direction and guidance for all tourism stakeholders.
-provides a framework for public/private discussions on the role and contributions of the tourism sector to the economy and to society in general.
-facilitates consensus around specific strategies and objectives for a given destination.
-allows tourism to more effectively interface with other sectors of the economy.
What factors contribute to the competitiveness of a tourism destination?
the location of the destination in relation to its major markets
What academic disciplines contribute to our understanding of tourism?
psychology, law, economy, geography
What is the aim of tourism development?
-providing a framework for raising the living standard of the people through the economic benefits of tourism.
-developing an infrastructure and providing recreational facilities for visitors and residents.
-ensuring types of development within visitor centers and resorts that are appropriate to the purposes of those areas.
Why must the quality of natural resources for tourism be maintained?
-It enhances the beauty and appeal of the area.
-It helps assure the health and enjoyment of the visitor.
-It is absolutely necessary for continued satisfaction of the guest.
-Demand will diminish along with quality.
What is the biggest single deterrent to tourism development in the United States?
a lack of appreciation and enthusiasm of government and business leaders.
What are examples of tourism infrastructure?
Zoning is a process whereby land use is designated according to what?
legal types of use
What groups provide infrastructure?
government agencies or private developers
For an undeveloped country considering expansion of tourism, what is the first step?
review the demand
What are the core indicators of sustainable tourism?
From whom should ecotour companies obtain the maximum number of goods and services?
the local people
Establishing the optimum capacity for a destination depends on what variables?
The size of the attraction
welfare of plants and animals
satisfaction of the visitors
the resources preservation
what are generally accepted principles for achieving sustainable tourism?
Address both global and local impacts
Take a holistic perspective
Pursue multi-stakeholder engagement
Promote sustainable consumption
What is the definition of Carrying Capacity of a tourism destination?
the ability of the destination to support different levels of tourism.
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