Rhetorical Devices - FINAL
Terms in this set (75)
The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning
The repetition of sounds, especially initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words
A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably common known, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art.
The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage
The repetition of the last word of one clause at the beginning of the following clause
A similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them -- can explain something unfamiliar by associating it with or pointing out its similarity to something more familiar
One of the devices of repetition, in which the same expression (word or words) is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines, clauses, or sentences.
A short narrative detailing particulars of an interesting episode or event
The word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun
A terse statement of known authorship which expresses a general truth or a moral principle
A figure of speech that directly addresses and absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love. It is an address to someone or something that cannot answer.
The emotional mood created by the entirety of a literary work, established partly by the setting and by the author's choice of subject that are desribed
A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb.
The use of slang or informalities in speech or writing -- not generally acceptable for formal writing; gives a conversational, familiar tone.
A principle demanding that the parts of any composition (words, phrases, clauses, sentences, paragraphs, and chapters) be arranged so that the meaning of the whole may be may be immediately clear and intelligible
A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects; displays intellectual cleverness as a result of the unusual comparison being made.
The nonliteral, associative meaning of a word; the implied, suggested meaning
The strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word, devoid of any emotion, attitude, or color
Related to style, refers to the writer's word choices, especially with regard to their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness.
From the Greek for "good speech", more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept. May be used to adhere to standards of social or political correctness or to add humor to an ironic statement.
A ______________ developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work
Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and its usually meant to be imaginative and vivid
A figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement. Often have a comic effect; however, a serious effect is also possible. Often produces irony.
The sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions. On a physical level, uses terms related to five senses. On deeper level, can represent more than one thing.
Literally means "teaching" -- these words have the primary aim of teaching or instructing, especially the teaching of moral or ethical principles.
The opposite of anaphora, repetition at the end of successive clauses.
"They saw no evil, they spoke no evil, and they heard no evil."
The purpose is to explain something
Figure of Speech
A device used to produce figurative language. Many compare dissimilar things.
Describes traditions for each genre -- help to define each genre (EX: differentiate an essay and journalistic writing)
The major category into which a literary work fits.
Means "sermon", more informally, it can include any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice.
To draw a reasonable conclusion from the information presented
An emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language
The contrast between what is stated explicitly and what is really meant. The difference between what appears to be and what actually is true
A literary technique in which two or more ideas/characters/actions are placed side by side in a narrative to develop comparisons and contrasts
A type of sentence in which the main idea (independent clause) comes first, followed by dependent grammatical units such as phrases and clauses
Makes a work seem informal, relaxed, and conversational
A figure of speech using implied comparison of seemingly unlike things or the substitution of one for the other, suggesting some similarity
A term from the Greek meaning: "changed label" or "substitute name" -- Figure of speech in which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely associated with it
1) Grammatical and deals with verbal units and a speaker's attitude
2) Prevailing atmosphere or emotional aura of a work
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
A figure of speech in which natural sounds are imitated in the sounds of words
From the Greek for "pointedly foolish" -- Figure of speech wherein the author groups apparently contradictory terms to suggest a paradox.
EX: "Jumbo shrimp" or "Cruel kindness"
A statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some degree of truth or validity. Macbeth.
From the Greek roots meaning "beside one another" -- Refers to grammatical or rhetorical framing of words, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs to give structural similarity
A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule.
An adjective that describes words, phrases, or general tone that is overly scholarly, academic, or bookish.
Presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end. The independent clause is preceded by a phrase or clause that cannot stand alone.
A figure of speech in which the author presents or describes concepts, animals, or inanimate object by endowing them with human attributes or emotions.
Point of View
In literature, the perspective from which a story is told. There are two general divisions. (Author's attitude for AP exam)
Type of subject complement that modifies or describes the subject.
Type of subject complement that uses nouns following a linking verb.
Refers to fiction and nonfiction, including all its forms. The printer determines the length of the line.
The duplication, either exact or approximate, of any element of language.
The speaker who uses elements of rhetoric effectively in oral or written test.
Describes the variety, the conventions, and the purposes of the major kinds of writing.
Bitter, caustic language that is meant to hurt or ridicule someone or something.
A work that targets human vices and follies or social institutions and conventions for reform or ridicule.
The branch of linguistics that studies the meaning of works, their historical and psychological development, their connotations, and their relation to one another.
A change in mood or attitude that is typically accompanied by a change in language and focus. Signaled by a transition word.
(1) An evaluation of the sum of the choices an author makes in blending diction, syntax, figurative language, and other literary devices.
(2) Classification of authors to group and comparison of an author to similar authors.
The word or clauses that follows a linking verb and complements, or completes, the subject of the sentence by renaming or describing it.
This word group contains both a subject and a verb, but unlike the independent clause, ________ can not stand alone and does not express a complete thought.
Greek for "reckoning together" -- a deductive system of formal logic that presents two premises that inevitably lead to a sound conclusion
Anything that represents itself and stands for something else -- usually something concrete that represents something more abstract
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences. Think of ________ as a group of words.
The central idea or message of a work, the insight it offers into life.
In expository writing, ________ is the sentence or group of sentences that directly expresses the author's opinion, purpose, meaning, or position.
Describes the author's attitude toward his material, the audience, or both. Easier to determine in spoken language than written.
A word or phrase that links different ideas.
An artful variation from expected modes of expression of thoughts and ideas; a figure of speech involving a "turn" or change of sense
The ironic minimizing fact, ________ presents something as less significant than it is.
An attitude that may lie under the ostensible tone of the piece.
An untrustworthy or naive commentator on events and characters in a story.
Intellectually amusing language that surprises and delights.
A trope, one word governs two other words not related in meaning
"He maintained a business and his innocence"
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