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Both Christian humanism and Renaissance thought:

emphasized Classical studies

What was the ultimate goal of the Christian humanists?

a restored and revitalized Christianity

Who wrote Six Books of the Commonwealth?

Jean Bodin

How did Rabelais differ from other Northern Humanists?

He often made obscene references

Marguerite of Navarre's lasting achievement was the:

writing of stories in the style of Boccaccio's Decameron

What was the theme of Erasmus's Praise of Folly?

it satirized many individuals and intitutions of his day

The fate of Erasmus was that:

he alienated both the Catholics and the Protestants

In his Essays, Montaigne viewed the world and human nature:

with some hope for survival, but his skepticism prevented him from having too much faith.

Which is correct regarding Elizabeth England?

it reached new heights in the verbal arts, particularly in the theater

Shakespeare's reputation is greatest for which literary genre?


Which is a Mannerist feature in Shakespeare's Hamlet?

the moody hamlet often seems to change his personality

How did the Protestant Reformation affect painting and sculpture?

zealous protestants destroyed some works of art

Whose paintings represent a continuation of the Late Gothic style rather than a northern development of Renaissance tendencies?

Matthias Grunewald

Besides paintingd, Durer also is known for his:


What techniques did Hieronymous Bosch borrow from Flemish art?

sweeping landscapes and precise detail

Bosch's Garden of Earthly Delights depicts:

the Garden of Eden, a garden devoted to fleshly sins, and Hell

A theme of the Isenheim Altarpiece was the:

horror and anguish of the fate of Jesus

Pieter Bruegel's paintings were:

efforts to capture the ordinary lives of peasants

In which country did Protestantism first appear?


Which did NOT contribute to the disintegration of the Catholic Church?

the external threat of Islam from the Middle East

With which city's university was Martin Luther associated when he published his famous Ninety-five Theses?


The one event that upset Luther and ultimately launched the Protestant Reformation was the:

selling of indulgences in Germany

An indulgence was:

a pardon that reduced the time spent for doing penance

Luther attacked the sale of indulgences in his:

Ninety-Five Theses

In his search for answers to his sense of sin, Luther finally found the solution through the:

biblical passages stressing the power of one's faith

The Lutheran reforms positively affected women by:

enabling clergy to marry and thus giving respectability to marriage

Calvin's concept of predestination meant that:

Only God knew who was saved or not saved

Closely associated with Calvinism was the belief that:

Worldly success was a sign of God's approval

Who of the following founded Anglicanism and why?

Henry VIII, so he could divorce his Catholic wife, remarry, and have a male heir

The success of the Society of Jesus was due to all of the reasons EXCEPT:

the sympathy of Protestants who secretly admired them.

Which was an accomplishment of the Council of Trent?

it affirmed that salvation should be sought by faith and good works

When the Protestants and Catholics failed to resolve their differences, they:

turned to warfare and alliances

The most representative Mannerist artist in Spain who captured the spirit of the Catholic Reformation was:

El Greco

El Greco's painting style represents:

the essence of Spanish emotionalism and religious zeal

What was Sofonisba Anguissola's artistic achievement?

she helped introduce the Italian school of art to Spain

Who is credited with reviving Spanish theater in the sixteenth century?

Lope de Vega

Which new literary genre flourished in Spain in the sixteenth century?

picaresque novel

What is the name of Don Quixote's male sidekick in Cervantes's novel?

Sancho Panza

Who of the following specialized in word paintings-musical illustrations of the written text?

Thomas Weelkes

Which is true of late sixteenth-century Catholic Church music?

It become more simple in many ways, the Council of Trent decreed that music should be easily understood by the illiterate masses, and Palestrina set the standard for the Catholic ideal for the next few centuries

What type of song was most expressive of late-sixteenth-century music?


Which were legacies from Protestantism?

glorification of work ethic, puritanism, and the notion that human beings can commune directly with God

Which of the following is true?

the Catholic Counter-Reformation set the path the church followed until the 1960s, in Lutheran schools, teachers were employees of the state rather than the church, and the legacy of Northern Humanism-rational morals and simple faith- was ignored by both Catholics and Protestants until the 18th century.

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