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Geography Chapter 9 Latin America Physical Geography
Terms in this set (35)
A large system of mountain ranges located alng the Pacific coast of Central and South America.
A large, grassy, treeless area in South America, used for grazing and farming.
A river mainly in Venezuela and parrt of South America's northernmost river system
A savanna that has flat terrain and moderate rainfall, which make it suitable for farming
A vast area of grassland and rich soil in south-central South America
The second largest river in the world and one of South America's three major river systems, running 4,000 miles from west to east and emptying into the Atlantic Ocean
A river in central South America and one of its three major river systems, originating in the highlands of southern Brazil, travelling about 3,000 miles south and west
located in the Tropical zone (mostly Brazil) with a heavy concentration species of broad leaf trees
a way of clearing fields for planting by cutting trees, brush, and grasses and burning them
an ancient technique for growing crops on hillsides or mountain slopes using step-like horizontal fields cut into the slopes
Causes people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region
A factor that draws or attracts people to another location
the basic support systems needed to keep an economy going, including power, communications, transportation, water, sanitation and education systems
the major mountain range in Mexico
along the eastern and northern coasts.
Where has most of the settlement occurred in South America?
hills and mountains located along the east coast of Brazil.
hills and mountains located in the northeast section of South America
another name for the "horsemen of the pampas"
cattle and wheat grain.
What is the main product of the pampas?
the West Indies
another name for the three major island groups in the Caribbean
The Bahamas, the Greater Antilles and the Lesser Antilles
the three major groups of the Caribbean Islands
made up of hundreds of islands off the southern tip of Florida and north of Cuba. They extend southeast into the Atlantic Ocean.
What is the largest city and capital of the Bahamas?
made up of the larger islands in the Caribbean. These include Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico. The island of Hispaniola is divided between the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
the smaller islands in the region southeast of Puerto Rico. The Lesser Antilles are divided into the Windward Islands and Leeward Islands. The Windward Islands face winds that blow across them. The Leeward Islands enjoy a more sheltered position from the prevailing northeasterly winds.
natural resources found in South America
gold and silver, as well as energy resources, such as oil and natural gas. In addition, the region is rich in agricultural and forest resources, such as timber
the major energy resources found in Mexico and Venezuela
List the three reasons why Latin America has a wide variety of climates and vegetation?
First, it spans a great distance on each side of the equator.
Second, there are big changes in elevation because of the massive mountains in the region.
Third, the warm currents of the Atlantic Ocean and the cold currents of the Pacific Ocean affect the climate.
tropical wet climate zone
The climate in these areas is hot and rainy year round
tropical wet & dry climate zone
found primarily in South America, support savannas, which are grasslands dotted with trees common in tropical and subtropical regions.
semiarid climate zone
is generally dry, with some rain. Vast, semiarid, grass-covered plains are often found in such climates.
the most populous city in Latin America
What are the major advantages of tourism in Latin America?
Every year millions of tourists visit the resorts of Latin America, spending money and helping to create jobs. New hotels, restaurants, boutiques, and other businesses have sprung up on the islands of the Caribbean and in Mexico to serve the tourist trade.
What are the major disadvantages of tourism in Latin America?
Despite the income and jobs that it brings to various places in Latin America, it causes problems as well. As resorts are built in previously unspoiled settings, congestion occurs and pollution increases.
Tierra del Fuego
Southernmost tip of South America
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