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COMM 203 TAMU Exam Review
Terms in this set (38)
What are the seven traits of critical thinkers?
Open-Mindedness, Analytic Nature, Systematic by
Method, Inquisitive, Judicious, Truth-Seeking
Ethos, Confident in Reasoning.
What are the two types of reasoning?
Deductive reasoning- refers to an
argument in which the truth of its
premises guarantees the truth of its
Inductive- Inductive reasoning is a logical process in which multiple premises, all believed true or found true most of the time, are combined to obtain a specific conclusion.
What are the 4 catagories of human communication?
What are two models of communication?
Linear Model of Communication
What are the elements of the communication process?
What are the three types of plagiarism?
How can you set responsible speech goals?
Promote Diversity, use inclusive language, avoid hate speech, raise social awareness, employ respectful free speech
Three components of situation audience analysis
Captive audience, Voluntary audience, and Mixed audience
Three components of psychological audience analysis
Attitude, Belief, and Value.
What are the barriers to effective listening?
Anticipating, judging and reacting emotionally
What are strategies to enhance listening?
Keep an open mind, identify distractions and come prepared
What is audience egocentrism?
the tendency for audience members to judge speech on own values, beliefs and well being
at what stage of the speech making process does the speaker face ethical considerations?
All stages of speech making process
What are the five skills of critical thinking?
listening, analysis, evaluation, inference and
interpretation or explanation, and self regulation
What are the two types of reasoning?
Deductive and Inductive
What are the formal and informal fallacies?
formal- conclusion does not follow from premise.
Informal- those where there is something wrong with the content
The overarching goal of a speech; for instance, to inform,
to persuade, to inspire, to celebrate, to mourn, or to
A sentence of two that describe precisely what the
speech is intended to do.
A one- or two-sentence encapsulation of the main points
of a speech, also called a Thesis Statement
At most, how many main points can you develop in a classroom speech?
What are 6 organization styles for any speech
chronological, topical, spacial, comparative, problem solution, causal
What are the four types of connectives?
Transitions- indicates when a speaker has finished one thought and is moving to another
Internal preview- statement in the body of the speech that lets the audience know what the speaker is going to discuss next
Internal- statement in the body of the speech that summarizes the speaker's preceding point or points
Signpost- very brief statement that indicates where a speaker is in the speech or that focuses attention on key ideas
What are the attention getting strategies?
tell a story, refer to the occasion, refer to recent or historical events, refer to previous speeches
What are the two ways to gain goodwill?
Get their attention, gain internal and external credibility.
internal gained by specific actions (eye contact, looking the part)
external by use of sources audience finds credible
What are the functions of conclusions?
To let the audience know you are ending the speech and to
To reinforce the audience's understanding of, or commitment to, the central idea
What are the two types of meaning?
How do you construct clear and vivid messages?
use simple language, use concrete and precise messege
How do you use stylized language?
Stylized language is language that
communicates your meaning clearly,
vividly and with flair.
What are the vocal and nonverbal aspects of delivery?
vocal- pronunciation, articulation, dialect, Pitch, inflection, rate, vocalized causes, vocalized projection
Non vocal- Personal appearance, facial expressions, eye contact
What is the role of the speaker in informative speeches?
to satisfy the desire to learn and know.
What are the types of informative speeches?
Is persuasive speaking more or less complex and challenging than informative speaking?
It is more complex, because it requires you to take a position on the issue.
What is the target audience?
the particular group of people in the audience who are most likely to be persuaded
What are the three types of persuasive speeches?
propositions of fact
propositions of value
propositions of policy
What are the five steps of Monroe's motivative sequence?
Attention -establish audience attention
Need - why they need to care/ help
satisfaction - how your solution will satisfy it
Visualization- how they will see it play out
Action - make a specific call to action how we will act out your plan
What are the four other patterns for organizing a persuasive speech?
Problem solution, direct method pattern , causal pattern, refutation pattern
What is the relationship between claim evidence and warrant
claim= position you take, needs evidence to back it up, warrant inference to connect the claim and evidence together
what is the difference between ethos, pathos, and logos
Ethos or the ethical appeal, means to convince an audience of the author's credibility or character.
Pathos or the emotional appeal, means to persuade an audience by appealing to their emotions.
Logos or the appeal to logic, means to convince an audience by use of logic or reason.
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