Alexander the Great
Greek conqueror, ruled largest empire in the world
ordering natural world, society oriented, idealistic
escaping hardship, individual oriented, realistic
mental pleasure is important, physical pleasure in moderation
fate controls life, happiness is excepting fate
first true Greeks
Roman lower class- farmers, merchants, laborers, artisans
first emperor of Rome
Frankish ruler, united local tribes, influenced Christianity
Pepin of Heristal
Mayor of the Palace
son of Pepin of Heristal
Pepin the Short
son of Charles Martel
son of Pepin the Short, expanded, crowned emperor by Pope on December 25, 800
economic and social system about self-sufficient estates made of villiages and farms
lower class nobles given land by powerful lords for military service
land granted to vassals
lords loyal to king, local lords provided protection, more organized than manorialism
first born son inherits all land
end of viking invasion
Heavy plow, padded horse collar, 3-field system
causes of second agricultural revolution
Excess food prodution, population growth, realeased serfs, growth of cities
effects of second agricultural revolution
Battle of Hastings
William the Conqueror vs. Harold over the English throne
Holy Roman Empire
area around Germany, ruled by weak emperor
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