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156 terms

vocabulary for english midterm

STUDY
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blithe
1. merry; joyous 2. heedless
buoy
keep afloat; rise the spirits of; encourage
buoyant
1. cheerful 2. able to float
complacency
self-satisfactoin; smugness
complacent
too pleased with oneself-often without awareness of possible dangers or defects; self-satisfied; smug
convivial
fond of eating and drinking with friends, sociable
conviviality
sociability
elated
in high spirts; joyous
elation
state of being elated; euphoria
gala
characterized by festivity
jocund
merry; cheerful
ascetic
shunning pleasures; self-denying
chagrin
embarrassment; mortification; disappointment
chagrined
ashamed; mortified
compunction
regret; remorse; misgiving; qualm
contrite
showing deep regret and sorrow for wrongdoing; deeply penitent; repentent
dejected
sad; in low spirits; depressed
dejection
lowness of spirits; sadness; depression
disconsolate
cheerless; inconsoluble
maudlin
weakly sentimental and tearful
pathos
quality in events or in art (literature, music, etc.) that arouses our pity
plight
unfortunate state; predicament
poignant
painfully touching; piercing
sullen
resentfully silent; glum; morose; gloomy
throes
anguish; pangs
tribulation
suffering; distress
buxom
plump and attractive
pudgy
short and plump; chubby
attenuate
make thin; weaken
emaciated
made unnaturally thin; abnormally lean because of starvation or illness
svelte
slender; lithe
adulation
excessive praise; flattery
blandishment
word or deed of mild flattery; allurement; enticement
cajole
persuade by pleasant words; wheedle; coax
cajolery
persuasion by flattery; wheedling; coaxing
curry (v) favor (n)
seek ot gain favor by flattery
ingratiate
work (oneself) into favor
lackey
follower who carries out another's wishes like a servant; toady
obsequious
showing excessive willingness to serve; subservient; fawning
sycophant
parasitic flatterer; truckler
truckle
submit in a subservient manner to a superior; fawn; make a doormat of oneself
apiary
a place where bees are kept
halcyon
calm; peaceful
lionize
treat as highly important
molt
shed feathers, skin, hair, etc.
astringent (n)
substance that shrinks tissues and checks flow of blood
astringent (adj)
1. severe; sterm 2. causing contraction
convalesce
recover from health after illness; recuperate
convalescent
person recovering from sickness
lesion
injury; hurt
pestilential
1. morally harmful 2. pertaining to a pestilence (plague)
regiment
set of rules, esp to improve one's health
salubrious
healthful
sebaceous
greasy; secreting sebum (fatty matter secreted by the glands of the skin)
theraputic
curative
unguent
salve; ointment
virulent
1. extremely poisonous; deadly; venomous 2. very bitter
acclaim
welcome with approval; applaud loudly
encomium
speech or writing of high praise; tribute; eulogy
eulogize
praise; extol; laud; glorify
laudatory
expressing praise; eulogistic
plaudit
(used mainly in the plural) applause; enthusiastic praise
calumnious
falsely and maliciously accusing; defamatory; slanderous
derogatory
expressing low esteem; belittling; disparaging
imputation
charge, esp an unjust or false charge; insinuation; accusation
stigma
mark of disgrace
droll
odd and laughter-provoking
harlequin
buffoon; clown
jocose
given to jesting; playfully humourous; jocular
levity
lack of proper seriousness; trifling gaiety; frivolity
travesty
imitation that makes a serious thing seem ridiculous; mockery
alacrity
cheerful willingness; readiness; liveliness
volition
will
acclivity
upward slope
consummate
perfect, superb, carried to the highest degree
preeminent
standing out above others; superior
sublimate
1. redirect the energy of a person's bad impulses into socially and morally high channels 2. purify, refine
sublime
elevated; noble; exalted; uplifting
abject
seserving contempt; sunk to a low condition; wretched
menial
low; mean; subservient; servile
nadir
the lowest point
plump
to get to the bottom of; ascertain the depth of; fathom
gentility
1. good manners 2. gentry; upper class
nepotism
favoritism to relatives by those in power
progenitor
forefather
fusty
1. stale-smelling; musty; moldy 2. old-fashioned
noisome
1. offensive to smell; disgusting 2. harmful; noxious
olfactory
pertaining to the sense of smell
antediluvian
antiquated; belonging to the time before the Biblical flood
callow
young and inexperienced; unfledged
crone
withered old woman
decrepit
weakened by old age
defenct
dead; deceased; extinct
hoary
1. white or grey with age 2. ancient
infantile
of or like an infant or infancy; childish
inveterate
1. firmly established by age; deep-rooted 2. habitual
nonage
legal minority; period before maturity
nonagenarian
peron in his or her nineties
obsolescent
going out of use; becoming obsolete
pristine
in original, long-ago state; uncorrupted
puerile
foolish for a grown person to say or do; childish
superannuated
retired on a pension; extremely old
yore
(always preceded by of) long ago
abstemious
sparing in eating or drinking; temperate; abstinent
carousal
jovial feast; drinking party
dipsomania
abnormal, uncontrollable craving for alcohol; alcoholism
inebriated
drunk; intoxicated
sot
person made foolish by excessive drinking; drunkard
teetotaler
person who totally abstains from intoxicating beverages
brine
1. salty water 2. ocean; sea; the deep
doldrums
1. calm, windless part of the ocean near the equater 2. listlessness
flotsam
wreckage of a ship or its cargo found floating on teh sea; driftage
jetsam
goods cast overboard to lighten a ship in distress
jettison
to throw (goods) overboard to lighten a ship or place; discard
leeward
in the directino away from the wind
starboard
pertaining to the right-hand side of a ship when you face the bow (foward)
carrion
decaying flesh of a carcass
dross
waste; refuse
expurgate
remove objectionable material from a book; bowdlerize; purify
offal
waste parts of a butchered animal; refuse; garbage
slatternly
untidy; dirty from habitual neglect; slovenly
sloven
person habitually untidy, dirty, or careless in dress, habits, etc.
squalid
filthy from neglect; dirty; degraded
sully
tarnish; besmirch; defile
contiguous
touching; adjoining
environs
districts surrounding a place; suburbs
juxtapose
put side by side; put close together
propinquity
1. kinship 2. nearness of place; proximity
arbitrary
autocratic; despotic; tyrannical; proceeding from a whim or fancy
axiom
self-evident truth; maxim
cogitate
think over; consider with care; ponder
crux
most important part; essential part
criterion
standard; rule or test for judging
deduce
derive by reasoning; infer
dogmatic
asserting opinions as if they were facts; opinionated; asserted without proof
eclectic
choosing (ideas, metholds, etc.) from various sources
fallacious
based on fallacy (erroneous idea); misleadin; deceptive
indubitable
certain; incontrovertible; indisputable
paradoxical
having the characteristics of a paradox (a self-contradictory statement which may nevertheless by true)
sophistry
clever but deceptive reasoning
specious
apparently reasonable, but not really so
tenable
capable of being maintained or defended
concave
curved inward, creating a hollow space
contour
outline of a figure
sinuous
bending in and out; winding; serpentine
nugatory
of little or no value; trifling; worthless; useless
paltry
practically worthless; trashy; piddling; petty
coy
pretending to be shy
demure
1. falsely modest or serious; coy 2. grave, prim
diffident
lacking in self-confidence; unduly timid; shy
staid
of settled, quiet disposition; sedate
brazen
1. shameless; impudent 2. made of brass or bronze
osttentatious
done to impress others; showy; pretentious
overweening
thinking too highly of oceself; arrogant; presumptuous
pert
too free in speech or action; bold; saucy; impertinent
vainglorious
excessively proud or boasteful; elated by vanity