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world history chapter 8
Terms in this set (19)
What is another title for the pope (full title)?
Father of the Catholic Church
What was the basis for imperial law in the Eastern Roman Empire?
Roman law, codified by Justinian
What group of Jews called for the violent overthrow of Roman rule?
Constantine established a "New Rome" at the site of the Greek city of Byzantium because?
For defensive reasons; provided protection of the eastern frontier
What services did monks provide?
Pursued an ideal of total dedication to God
What did the Edict of Milan proclaim?
Official tolerance of Christianity
People sent out to carry a religious message in hopes of converting people are called ________?
Who was Paul?
A highly-educated Jewish Roman citizen who joined the apostles. He took the message of Jesus to Gentiles
Local Christian communities led by a priest were called what?
In the third century, plague outbreaks led to what?
A labor shortage
Why did the Romans persecute Christians during the reign of Nero?
Christians refused to worship the state gods and emperors
What was the official language and what was the official religion of the Eastern Roman Empire?
What change did Diocletian make to the governmental structure of the Roman Empire?
Divided it into four unites (prefectures)
In the long run, how well did the economic and social policies of Diocletian and Constantine work?
They were not successful, as they failed to issue a price edict in 301 that set a wage and price controls for their empire. The expansion of their army they had created affected the population, which was not growing, so the tax base could not pay for them. Roman money began to lose value. And to ensure the tax base and to keep the empire going despite the labor shortage, they issued edicts forcing workers to remain in their vocations, making jobs harder and hereditary. Their social and economic policies were based on force and control rather than freedom. Though temporarily successful, the empire was negative rather than positive
Another word for the split between the Catholic Church of the West and the Eastern Orthodox Church of the Byzantine Empire is what?
The Great Schism
How did the monastic practice of copying manuscripts help preserve the legacy of the ancient world?
They copied out works of Classical Latin authors as well as Christian works like the Bible.
Which emperor made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire?
What was the situation in the western half of the Roman Empire in the mid fifth century?
After a series of invasions by Visigoths and Vandals, it was becoming a collection of smaller Germanic kingdoms
What event led to the schism between the Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church?
The pope and patriarch excommunicated each other
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