Med Term Final Study Guide multiple choice
Terms in this set (75)
Which condition is a blood disorder also known as Cooley's anemia?
Which specialist treats disease and disorders of the blood and blood-forming tissues?
The ___ are only one cell in thickness and are the smallest blood vessels in the body.
The condition of having an abnormally slow resting heartbeat is known as ___.
The ___ carry deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs.
Which term describes a fatty deposit on an artery wall?
The highest pressure against the artery walls, which occurs when the ventricles contract, is known as ___.
An ___ blocks the enzyme action that causes the blood vessels to contract.
Formed in the red bone marrow, ___ are the most common type of white blood cells.
___ is the oxygen-carrying blood protein pigment of the erythrocytes.
Which of these conditions is often the cause of sudden cardiac death?
A ___ is the condition of having a blood clot attached to the wall of a deep vein.
deep vein thrombosis
A ___ is a portable electrocardiograph that is worn by an ambulatory patient to continuously monitor heart rate and rhythm over a 24- or 48-hour period.
The term ___ describes a decrease in the number of disease-fighting white blood cells circulating in the blood
Which medication is administered to control irregularities of the heartbeat?
The chronic condition in which the heart is unable to pump out all of the blood it receives in known as ___.
An emergency procedure for life support consisting of artificial respiration and manual external cardiac compression is known as ___.
Which of these medical conditions is a group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart.
ischemic heart disease
A ___ is administered a few hours after a heart attack or stroke to dissolve the damaging blood clots.
tissue plasminogen activator
A wire mesh tube placed in an artery to provide support to the arterial wall is known as a ___.
___ anemia is caused by a lack of intrinsic factor, which helps the body absorb vitamin B12
Which condition is a form of vasculitis involving several small and medium arteries at the same time?
The abnormal protrusion of a heart valve is known as ___.
___ is inflammation of the heart muscle.
Which condition is also known as iron overload disease?
___ is a form of treatment that disrupts the blood supply to the tumor.
A ___ is a technique in which an x-ray-guided needle is used to remove small samples of tissue from the breast.
needle breast biopsy
Which highly contagious viral respiratory infection is commonly known as the flu?
Which blood test is most accurate at confirming the presence of HIV?
An ___ is a physician who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of malignant disorders such as tumors and cancer.
___ is caused by damage to lymphatic vessels caused by cancer treatment, surgery, radiation scarring, injuries, or burns.
A medication used to treat viral infections is known as an ___.
Which term is also known as a cellular response?
localized allergic response
___ are leukocytes that provide immunological defenses against many infectious organisms.
Which masses of lymphoid tissue are also known as the nasopharyngeal tonsils?
The ___ is a mass of lymphoid tissue located above the heart.
A ___ is a small, bean-shaped structure containing specialized lymphocytes that are capable of destroying pathogens.
___ lymph nodes are located along the sides of the neck
Which cells are specialized lymphocytes that produce antibodies?
Which term is also known as passive immunity?
Very small infectious agents that live only by invading other cells are called ___.
___ is a class of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled division of cells.
Which term is an example of a soft-tissue sarcoma?
___ is a rare but aggressive form of breast cancer.
inflammatory breast cancer
Which term refers to a self-care procedure for the early detection of breast cancer?
Which procedure involves the surgical removal of an entire breast and many of the surrounding tissues?
___ is the use of radioactive materials in contact with or implanted into the tissues to be treated.
Which infection is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito?
West Nile virus
___ wraps the body in a physical barrier to prevent invading organisms from entering the body.
Which term refers to an acquired unresponsiveness to a specific antigen?
Which term describes the exchange of gases within the cells of the blood and tissues?
Which condition is the temporary absence of spontaneous respiration?
A ___ is the excess accumulation of fluid in the pleural space, which keeps the lung from fully expanding.
___ is also known as black lung disease.
A ___ is a mechanical device for artificial respiration that is used to replace or supplement the patient's natural breathing function.
Which type of pneumonia occurs when a foreign substance is inhaled into the lungs?
The ___ is the tin fluid-filled space also known as the pleural space.
Which are the largest of the paranasal sinuses?
The ___ is the portion of the pharynx used only for the transport of air.
Which part of the respiratory system is commonly known as the windpipe?
A ___ is the sudden blockage of a pulmonary artery by foreign matter.
An inexpensive handheld device used to let patients with asthma measure air flowing out of the lungs is known as a ___.
peak flow meter
Which term is also known as a runny nose?
Which term is also known as choking?
A disease in which the airways have become inflamed due to recurrent exposure to an inhaled irritant is known as ___.
Which term is also known as acute nasopharyngitis?
upper respiratory infection
Which term means bleeding from the lungs?
Which term means the permanent dilation of the bronchi caused by chronic infection and inflammation?
___ is the act of taking air in as the diaphragm contracts and pulls downward.
A ___ is a surgery in which a wedge-shaped piece of cancerous lung tissue is removed.
Which term, also known as abdominal breathing, is a relaxation technique used to relieve anxiety?
A ___ is the surgical repair of parts of the nasal septum.
___ involves breathing pure oxygen in a special chamber that allows air pressure to be raised up to three times higher than normal to promote healing and fight infection.
hyperbaric oxygen therapy
Which type of pneumonia is also known as mycoplasma pneumonia?
___ is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States
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