18 terms

VOCABULARY #16

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republic
a form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
legion
a military unit of the ancient Roman army, made up of about 6,000 foot soldiers and a group of soldiers on horseback.
patrician
a wealthy landowner and member of the noble families who controlled all power in the early years of the Roman Republic
plebeian
an ordinary citizen in the ancient Roman republic
consul
one of two officials who led the government in the ancient Roman republic
veto
to reject
praetor
important government official in ancient Rome
dictator
in ancient Rome, a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time
triumvirate
in ancient Rome, a group of three leaders sharing control of the government
latifundia
large farming estates in ancient Rome
aqueduct
artificial channel for conducting water over a distance
currency
system of money
Pax Romana
(Roman Peace)long era of peace and safety in the Roman Empire
vault
an arched structure used to hold up a ceiling or a roof
satire
literary work exposing human vices and shortcomings to ridicule and poke fun of them
anatomy
the study of the structure of the body
Forum
open space in Rome that served as a marketplace and public square
gladiator
A person who fought to the death as entertainment for the Roman public