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337 terms

Medical Terminology Final Exam

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A combining vowel is used:
Both B and C are correct answers
When defining a medical term one should usually start by defining the ______
suffix
Add a suffix to create a medical term meaning: toward the head

Cephal______
Cephalad
Add a combining form to create a medical term meaning: pertaining to the middle and to the side

_______lateral
Mediolateral
Add a prefix to create a medical term meaning: pertaining to two sides

_______lateral
Bilateral
Add a word root to create a medical term meaning: pertaining to away

_______al
Distal
Vertical field which divides the body into right and left sides
sagittal plane
Horizontal field dividing the body into upper and lower portions
transverse plane
Divides the body into right and left halves
midsagittal plane
Divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
frontal plane
Medical term from word parts that means: substance that causes cancer
carcinogen
give the combining form meaning flesh or connective tissue
sarc/o
build a medical term from word parts that means: physician who studies disease
pathologist
Give the suffix meaning: origin, cause
genesis
Build a medical term from word parts that means: tumor of smooth muscle
leiomyoma
Which of the following acurately describes a Dx of leukocytosis
abnormal increase in numbers of white blood cells
Give the combining form meaning: nerve
neur/o
Which of these is the correct meaning of the term: exacerbation
increase in severity of disease or symptoms
Which of the following is the correct meaning of the term: in vitro
observable within a test tube
Build a medical term from word parts that means pertaining to yellow color: ________ic
xanthrochromic
Give the suffix meaning: control, stop
stasis
Give the combining form meaning: gland
aden/o
Give the prefix meaning: through
dia-
Give the suffix meaning: producing, causing
-genic
Build a medical term from word parts that means: resembling fat
lipoid
Give the combining from meaning: green
chlor/o
which of these terms refers to a nonmalignant, nonrecurrent tumor?
benign
Give the combining form meaning: tissue
hist/o
Build a medical term from word parts that means: pertaining to internal organs: ______al
visceral
Give the prefix meaning: above or excessive
hyper-
Build a medical term from word parts that means: abnormal or development
dysplasia
Give the combining form meaning nucleus
kary/o
Build a medical term from word pars that means: new growth
neoplasm
Give the combining form meaning: Black
melan/o
Build a medical term from word parts that means: abnormal condition of blue
cyanosis
Build a medical term from word parts that means: disease of the body
somatopathy
Build a medical term from word parts that means: styudy of cells
histology
Give the combining form meaning: red
erythr/o
Give the prefix meaning: before
pro-
Give the prefix meaning: below or deficient
hypo-
Give the medical term meaning: inflammation of a sweat gland
hidradenitis
The combining form for sweat is:
hidr/o
A contagious disease transmitted by the itch mite is:
scabies
Pinpoint hemorrhages on the skin
petechiae
Give the combining form meaning wrinkles
rhytid/o
Wants or verrucae are caused by
viruses
Give the medical term meaning excessive discharge of sebum
Seborrhea
Trichopathy is a disease of the
hair
Which of the following terms means: unnatural paleness of the skin
pallor
Give the combining form meaning: dust
coni/o
Give the medical term meaning: abnormal condition of death
necrosis
True or False: Urticaria is characterized by the eruption of pale red, elevated patches called wheals (hives)
True
The term alopecia means:
baldness
A superficial skin disease characterized by pustules, often caused by staphylococci
impetigo
Give the suffix meaning: softening
-malacia
The medical term for a flat, colored spot on the skin, such as a freckle is
macule
Add a combining form to a create a medical term meaning yellow skin
xanthroderma
All of the following are true about tinea except:
it is a bacterial infection
Give the suffix meaning: eating or swallowing
-phagia
True or False: Papule is also known as a pimple
True
Pediculosis is a skin infestation by:
lice
A black and blue bruise mark caused by escape of blood into the tissues is
ecchymosis
Which of the following is a secondary lesion described as a slit or cracklike sore in the skin
fissure
Give the medical term that means abnormal condition of hidden nail
onychocryptosis
Give the medical term meaning: surgical repair of the skin
dermatoplasty
Give the medical term meaning: instrument to cut into the skin
dermatome
Give the combining form meaning: dry
xer/o
Pruritus of the hands indicates that the patient has a/an
itching of the hands
Give the prefix meaning within
intra
What is a diagnostic term that means a localized collection of pus
abscess
Give a medical term meaning: surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity:
thoracocentesis
The suffix for voice is
-phonia
Give a word root meaning sleep
somn
The suffix that means breathing is:
-pnea
Give a prefix meaning many, much
poly-
Give a suffix meaning constriction or narrowing
-stenosis
A lung disorder(usually occupational) caused by inhailing dust particals
pneumoconiosis
Give a medical term meaning instrument used to measure oxygen
oximeter
True or False: Inflammation of the pleural membranes is called pleuritis or pleurisy
true
The presence of pus in the chest is called
pyothorax
Give a medical term meaning deficient oxygen in the blood
hypoxemia
Give a medical term meaning difficult breathing
dyspnea
Give a medical term meaning visual examination of the thorax
thoracoscopy
Give a medical term meaning incomplete expansion
atelectasis
Give a suffix meaning surgical puncture to aspirate fluid
thoracocentesis
Give a prefix meaning normal, good
eu-
give a suffix meaning surgical fixation, suspension
-pexy
Give a suffix meaning measurement
-metry
The term for nosebleed is
epistaxis
Give a medical term meaning surgical repair of the nose
rhinoplasty
An excess of carbon dioxide in the blood is
hypercapnia
The combining form for dust is
coni/o
Give a medical term meaning creation of an artificial opening into the trachea
tracheostomy
Give a medical term meaning rapid flow of blood from the nose
rhinorrhagia
The term that refers to any diseased state of the lungs is
pneumonia
Give a medical term meaning instrument used for visual examination within ( a hollow organ or cavity:
endoscope
A term that means periodic, sudden attack is
paroxysm
Give a medical term that means discharge from the nose
rhinorrhea
The abbreviation that can be used to refer to a head cold or infection of the nasal cavity is
URI-Upper Respiratory Infection
Give a medical term meaning pain in the chest
thoracalgia
Which of the following is the process of recording the kidney using sound
neprhrosonography
Which of these is an instrument used for visual examination of the bladder
cystoscope
Give the medical term for inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyelitis
True or False: Micturition is another term for voiding
true
Give the medical term which means drooping kidney
nephroptosis
True or False: An x-ray image of the bladder is a cystogram
true
The combining form vesic/o means
bladder
What surgical procedure is a fixation of a floating or movable kidney
nephropexy
Give the suffix meaning suturing, repairing
-rrhaphy
Which of the following is mismatched?
Diuresis- painful urination
The inability to control urination is called
enuresis
The term that means blood in the urine is
hematuria
Give the word root meaning night
noct/i
The condition in which there are excess amounts of urea, creatinine, and uric acid in the blood is called
azotemia
Give the medical term that means surgical crushing of a stone
lithotripsy
Give the medical term which means sugar (glucose) in the urine
glycosuria
The combining form py/o
pus
Give the medical term meaning condition of a stone(s) in the kidney
Nephrolithiasis
True or False: Incontinence is also called anuria
False
Give the word root meaning developing cell, germ cell
blast
Give the medical term which refers to the creation of an artificial opening into the kidney
nephrostomy
The accumulation of water in the kidney due to an obstruction, is called
hydronephrosis
Agents that promote secretion of urine are called
diuretics
Which of these is an instrument used for visual examination of the bladder?
cystoscope
A physician who studies and treats the urinary tract is known as a/an _______
urologist
Give the word root meaning water
hydro
Give the suffix meaning loosening, dissolution, separating
-lysis
Give the suffix meaning nourishment, development
-trophy
Give the suffix meaning enlargement
-megaly
True or False: A decrease in the normal amount of urine (scanty urine) is called oliguria
true
Which of the following combining forms means male?
andr/o
True or False: The surgical reversal of a vasectomy is medically referred to as a vasovasectomy
True
True or False: The term gonads refers to the male sex glands
False
True or False: Removal of part of the prepuce is known as circumcision
True
Which of the following refers to a state of hidden testes?
Cryptorchidism
Give the prefix meaning through, across, beyond
trans-
True or False: Coitus refers to sexual intercourse between man and woman
True
The PSA test is used as a screening test for
Prostatic hyperplasia
Which of the following means absence of sperm?
aspermia
Which of the following is the correct meaning of the combining form lith/o
stone
Which of the following terms describes a deficiency in spermatoza in semen
oligospermia
Which of the following means absence of testis
anorchism
The excision or partial excision of the vas deferens is
vasectomy
Which of the following is the correct meaning of the combining form vesicul/o
seminal vesicle
Which of the following is the swelling of the scrotum caused by a collection of fluid?
hydrocele
Give the medical term meaning surgical puncture to remove fluid from Douglas cul-de-sac(rectouterine pouch)
culdocentesis
Give the medical term meaning excision of an ovary
oophorectomy
the term for onset of menses is
menarche
Which of the following refers to difficult or painful intercourse>
dyspareunia
What does the suffix -salpinx mean?
fallopian tube
Give the meaning of the combining forms mast/o or mamm/o
breast
Give the meaning of the combining form episi/o
vulva
Give the medical term for one studies and treats diseases of women (female reproductive system)
gynecologist
Give the meaning of the combining forms metr/o and metr/i
uterus
Give the medical term meaning sagging breast
mastoptosis
Give the medical term meaning x-ray image of the breast
mammogram
Give the prefix meaning surrounding
peri-
Give the medical term meaning scanty menstrual flow
oligomenorrhea
which of the following terms means excessive menstrual bleeding>
menometrorrhagia
Give the medical term meaning process of recording of the uterus by use of sound
sonohysterography
the combining form hyster/o means:
uterus
a pap smear is used to diagnose
cervical cancer
When menstruation ceases permanently as a result of the aging process it is called
menopause
Give the medical term meaning inflammation inside the cervix
endocervicitis
Give the medical term meaning closure of the uterus
hysteratresia
Give the word root meaning woman or female
gyn/o
True or False: PID is an abbreviation that means inflammation of the female pelvic organs
True
Colpocervical refers to the
vagina and cervix
The term for suture of the vagina and perineum is
colpoperineorrhaphy
Give the medical term meaning pain in the breast
masalgia
The presence of functioning endometrial tissue outside the uterus is
endometriosis
The abbreviation for an instrumental expansion of the cervix and scraping of the uterine cavity is
D&C
The term for menstrual pain is
dysmenorrhea
A type of sterilization surgery is
tubal ligation
A hernia of the fallopian tube is called
salpingocele
The suffix -tocia means:
childbirth, labor
The medical term for the greenish black first stool of the newborn is
meconium
Fill-in-the-blank to create a medical term meaning discharge of milk
lacto____
rrhea
The period of pregnancy is called
gestation
The word part nat/o means
birth
True or False: Toxic condition of pregnancy, called eclampsia, is a severe complication characterized by convulsion and coma
true
Which of the following refers to the period immediately following childbirth
puerperal
Give a medical term which means instrument for the visual examination of the embryo
embryoscope
Postnatal means
after birth
Which of the following medical terms refers to vaginal discharge following birth
lochia
Fill-in-the-blank to create a medical term referring to a fetus with a very small head
_______cephalus
micro
Fill-in-the-blank to create a medical term referring to a woman who has had no births
________para
nulli
Give a medical term meaning study of the newborn
neonatology
Which of the following is the correct meaning of the prefix ante-
before
Fill in the blank to create a medical term for a woman who has been pregnant two or more times
gravida
Give the suffix meaning pregnancy
-cyesis
Give a medical term which means rupture of the uterus
hysterorrhexis
Which of the following terms refers to an abnormality present at birth
congenital anomaly
Give a medical term which means producing an embryo
embrynogenic
An ectopic pregnancy occurs when fertilization occurs in the
fallopian tube
Give the word part meaning false
psuedo
Give a medical term which means surgical puncture to aspirate amniotic fluid
amniocentesis
A physician known as an OBGYN, practices in the field of [a] and [b]
a. obstetrics
b. gynecology
Which of the following is a word part meaning bear, give birth to, labor, childbirth?
part/o
A woman who has given birth for the first time is:
primipara
Give a medical term which means inflammation of the umbilicus
omphalitis
Multipara means
a woman who has delivered more than one viable offspring
True or False: The act of giving birth is called gestation
false
Give a medical term that means a substance that produces lactation
lactogen
A progressive wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes or the body is
peristalsis
Eupepsia refers to
normal digestion
Radiographic examination of the rectum and colon following enema administration of a contrast medium into the rectum
Barium enema
Lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability or refusal to eat
Anorexia
Presence or formation of gallstones in the common bile duct
Choledocholithiasis
Abnormal collection of flud in the peritoneal cavity
Ascites
Periodic disturbances of bowel function, such as diarrhea and/or constipation, usually with pain
Irritable bowel syndrome
Difficult digestion, indigestion
Dyspepsia
Visual examination within a hollow organ
endoscopy
Gas in the digestive tract or expelled through the anus
flatus
Chronic inflammation, characterized by cobblestone ulcerations along the intestinal wall and formation of scar tissue which may cause obstruction
Crohn disease
Which of the following words mean a visual examination of the rectum
proctoscopy
Protrusion of an organ through the wall that normally contains it is a
hernia
The suffx -emesis means:
vomiting
True or False: Proctoplasty is the surgical repair of the rectum
True
Commonly called "throat"
pharyng/o
Gallbladder
cholecyst/o
Gums
gingiv/o
Bile vessel
cholangi/o
tongue
gloss/o
liver
hepat/o
intestine (usually small)
enter/o
stomach
gastr/o
bile, gall
chol/e
mouth
stomat/o
The combining form cheil/o means
lip
True or False: Colostomies are performed to divert fecal flow to a bag on the outside of the body
true
A life-threatening obstruction in which the bowel twists on itselfis
volvulus
Black stools are called
melena
The combining form stomat/o
mouth
The term for night blindness is
nyctalopia
The term for involuntary, jerking movements of the eyes is:
Nystagmus
The term for inflammation of the eyelid is
blepharitis
True or False: Inflammation of inner ear structures is called labyrinthitis
true
The term ophthalmopathy
disease of the eye
The medical term meaning discharge of pus from the ear is:
otopyorrhea
A tumor which arises from a developing retinal cell, found primarily in children is
retinoblastoma
Also referred to as farsightedness
hyperopia
A defective curvature on the cornea or lens is called
astigmatism
Which of the following correctly defines the suffix -plegia
paralysis
True or False: Tonometry is the test used to assess hearing acuity
false
True or False: Myringitis is an inflammation of the eardrum
true
True or False: Another name for a sty is hordeolum
true
the word root audi means
hearing
A sense that either one's own body or the environment is revolving, is called
vertigo
Which of these refers to reduced vision in one eye caused by disease or misuse, also called "lazy eye"?
amblyopia
An obstruction of an oil gland of the eyelid can result in a small, hard nodule, called a
chalazion
True or False: A surgical incision of the cornea is called keratocentesis
False
A hardening of the ear (bones) resulting in bon loss, is called
otosclerosis
a specialist who prescribes corrective lenses is an
optometrist
A destruction of the visual cells of the macula lutea leading to permanent central visual loss is called:
macular degeneration
The term lacrimal means pertaining to
tears
Which of these terms refer to measurement of vision
optometry
A clouding of the lens of the eye
cataract
Which of the following terms means perception of ringing, hissing, or other sounds in the ears or head when no external sound is present
tinnitus
The suffix -opia means
vision
Which of the following word parts refers to hearing NOT ear
acou/o
Process of recording blood vessels of the eye with flourescing dye is called
flourescein angiography
Which of the following refers to hearing impairment in old age
presbycusis
True or False: An audiogram is an instrument to measure hearing
false
What is the term that means surgical repair of joint
arthroplasty
An artificial part used for replacement of a missing limb
prosthesis
True or False: The suffix -asthenia means loss of feeling or sensation
false
Which of the following terms means abnormal inward curvature of the spine
lordosis
which of the following is a portion of the hip bone
pubis
Abnormal loss of bone density occuring most often in elderly
osteoporosis
Which of these is the correct medical term for a condition often referred to as a bone spur
exostosis
The term tenodynia refers to as
pain in a tendon
Which of the following terms means stiffening and immobility of a joint
ankylosis
True or False: The suffix -schisis means surgical repair
false
Which of the following is a combining form meaning muscle
my/o
True or False: A slipped disk is actually NOT a disk that has moved out of position, rather, it is a rupture of the disk cartilage also called a herniated disk
true
What is the surgical procedure performed to relieve the symptoms of a ruptured disc?
laminectomy
True or False: The combining form for the lower leg bone is
fibul/o
The correct term for surgical fusion of two or more vertebrae is spondylosyndesis
true
Developing bone cells are called
osteoblasts
A lateral curvature of the spine is called
scoliosis
Which of these is a combining form that can be used to refer to either bone marrow or spinal cord?
myel/o
Which of these refers to a group of hereditary diseases characterized by degeneration of muscle and weakness
muscular dystrophy
Which suffix means to break surgically?
-clasis
The combining form phalang/o means
digits (fingers and toes)
A chronic systemic disease characterized by autoimmune inflammatory changes in the connective tissue throughout the body
rheumatoid arthritis
True or False: The prefix inter- means within
False
True or False: The medical term supracostal means pertaining to above the rib
True
The term for inflammation of the vertebral joints is
spondylarthritis
True or False: A cancerous tumor of the bone is called osteocarcinoma
True
Which of the following terms means inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid accumulation?
gout
Chronic disease characterized by muscle weakness due to defect in the transmission of impulses from nerve to muscle
myasthenia gravis
What does the term syncope mean?
fainting
True or False: Sclerotic patches throughout the spinal cord and brain is characteristic of MS
True
The medical term hyperesthesia means
excessive sensitivity
Another term for stroke is
Cerebrovascular Accident
The combining form esthesi/o means
sensation
Type of neurosis characterized by irrational fears
phobia
Stroke symptoms that resolve within 24 hours are called
TIA
True or False: Rigidity, tremors, expressionless face, and shuffling gait are associated with Parkinson disease
True
True or False: Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by uncontrolled binge eating followed by purging
False
The disorder characterized by early senility, confusion, loss of recognition of persons or familiar surroundings, restlessness, and impaired memory is called:
Alzheimer's Disease
The medical term for headache is
cephalalgia
Medical term meaning unable to express one's thoughts or ideas in an elderly, intelligible manner
incoherent
T he branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of mental disorders is
psychiatry
The imaging technique that indicates the degree of metabolism or blood flow in the brain is called
positron emission tomography
The broad term that means loss of cognitive abilities is
dementia
The combining form for spinal cord is
myel/o
A record of the electrical activity of the brain is a/an:
EEG
True or False: Bipolar disorder is characterized by mental and physical hyperactivity, disorganized behavior, and hyper-elevated mood
False
The medical term encephalosclerosis means
hardening of the brain
The medical term interictal refers to those behaviors or events occuring:
between seizures or attacks
A sudden attack characterized by an involuntary series of contrctions is called
seizure
Inability to speak is called
aphasia
True or False: Encephal/o is the combining form for skull
False
Seizure disorders caused by electrical disturbances in the brain are called:
epilepsy
Bradykinesia means
slow movement
The medical term meaning without feeling or sensation
anesthesia
Medical term meaning slight paralysis of half (right or left side of the body)
hemeparesis
The word root meaning nerve root
radicul/o
True or False: The suffix -paresis means slight paralysis
True
The lack of muscular cooridination in the execution of voluntary movement is called
ataxia
The term for muscle spasms as a result of low amounts of blood calcium related to deficiency of parathyroid hormone is
tetany
An incision of the thyroid glad is called
thyrotomy
An endocrinologist treats patients who suffer from
diabetes and other hormone imbalances
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder caused by malfunction of the
pancreas
What disorder is caused by hypersecretion of cortisol from the adrenal cortex
cushing syndrome
Increased secretion of urine is called
polyuria
Which of the following terms means deficient level of potassium in the blood
hypokalemia
Gigantism results from improper hormone funtion in which of the following glands
pituitary
Which of the following disorders is caused by hypersecretion of the thyroid gland
Graves disease and goiter
A disorder caused by hyposecretion of the thyroid gland is
myoxedema
The combining form meaning gland is
aden/o
The combining form natr/o means
sodium
Complete the following to form a term that means excessive thirst:
poly______
dipsia
True or False: The combining form acr/o means enlargment.
False
True or False: Hypothyroidism caused by the congenital absence or atrophy of the thyroid gland is known as cretinism
True