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AP Euro Chapter 23 Study Guide

STUDY
PLAY
dual revolution
Fusion of economic and political changes in Europe
Congress of Vienna
Peace settlement in 1815
Holland and Belgium
countries that became united through Congress of VIenna
Robert Castlereagh
representative of England at CoV
Charles Talleyrand
representative of France at CoV
countries i the Holy Alliance
Austria, Prussia, Russia - sought to surpress liberal ideas in Europe
Carlsbad Decrees
issued by Meternich in 1819 to surpress liberal ideas in Germany
Germans, Mayars (Hungarians), Czechs
three main ethnic groups in Austria
liberalism
ideaology based on liberty and equality
laissez faire
no government interference in economy
Adam Smith
major proponent of liberalism
nationalism
sense of cultural unity
Jules Michelet
wrote The People in 1846
socialism
emerged first in France, believed in economic planning
Count Henri de Saint-Simon
major proponent of French Utopian Socialism
parasites
the court, the aristoracy, lawyers, and churchmen
doers
scientists, engineers, industrialists
Charles Fourier
believed marraige was prostitution
Louis Blanc
wrote Organization of Work (1839)
Pierre Proudhon
wrote What is Property? (1840)
Carl Marx
wrote Communist Manifesto
Georg Hegel
Marx's theory of historical revolution was based on his ideas
Romanticism
belief in emotional exuberance
Sturm und Drang
storm and stress
William Wordsworth
wrote the famous poem, "Daffodils"
Walter Scott
This Scottish Romantic poet used history to write his poems
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
This German Romantic poet influence Walter Scott
Germaine de Stael
a Franco-Swiss writer living in exile, urged the French to throw away their worn-out classical models On Germany: extolled the spontaneity and enthusiasm of German writers and thinkers
Victor Hugo
wrote Hunchback of Notre Dame
Amandine Aurore Lucie Dupin
known by pen name George Sand; wrote the controversial book Lelia
Grimm brothers
rescued German fairy tales
Aleksander Pushkin
greatest Russian poet
Eugene Delacroix
greatest and most moving romantic painter; Liberty Leading the People
Joseph Turner and John Constable
notable Romantic painters
Alexander Ypsilanti
Greek patriot and general in Russian army-led revolt in 1821
Corn Laws
regulation of grain trade in Great Britain
Tories
dominating Britsih political party
Reform Bill of 1832
removed rotten boroughs; House of Commons got more power
Chartist movement
strived for universal suffrage
T/F: Chartist movement succeeded
False
Ten Hours Act of 1947
limited workday for women
Great Famine
ravaged Ireland; forced migration
Charles X
became increasingly reactionary until rev. of 1830
Louis Phillipe
ousted from France in 1848
Hungary
start of revolution in Austria in 1848
Ferdinand I
weak emperor of Asutria
Francis Joseph
replaced Ferdinand, surpressed the revolution
Nicholas I
lended hand to Austria to crush revolt
Fredrick William I
weak ruler of Prussia; sacked up to surpress revolution
Schleswig and Holstein
area of dispute between Denmark and Prussia