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Patho Ch 7
Terms in this set (52)
A progressive degeneration and weakening of the skeletal muscles is known as
A lateral curvature of the spine is known as
-a painful debilitating syndrome that causes chronic pain in muscles and soft tissues surrounding joints.
-Diagnosis includes pain at specific tender points.
-a disease with an unknown cause
Chronic, progressive, inflammatory disease of bones and joints caused by degenerative changes in the cartilage is called
A tick-carried bacteria causes _____, which is characterized by symptoms of arthritis, malaise, myalgia, and neurologic and cardiovascular signs.
An infection in a bone, which can lead to an abscess formation and sequestrum if not properly cared for, is called
Inflammation of the joints caused by the excessive uric acid levels in the blood and joints is
_____ is a hereditary group of conditions of the connective tissue that causes an abnormal growth of the extremities. Cardiovascular complications are common.
Wasting away or deterioration of muscle is called
A vitamin D deficiency can cause this abnormal metabolic bone disease
_____ is an injury that is the result of overuse, overstretching, or forcible stretching of a muscle beyond its functional capacity. It sometimes involves a tendon or ligament.
A bone that is normally in contact with a joint but becomes separated from that joint causing loss of joint function is a
The onset of a stiff and painful shoulder after injury or a period of disuse is typical of
adhesive capsulitis ("frozen shoulder").
_____ is (are) a tendon injury that produces immediate, severe pain, inflammation, and immobility of the affected part.
A severed tendon
An inflammatory response at the heel bone, which is a common problem in individuals active in sports and especially in runners, is
plantar fasciitis and spur.
A _____ is a benign growth filled with a jellylike substance. It commonly develops on the back of the wrist and may be caused by repetitive injury.
The name of the injury involving the semilunar cartilages in the knee is
_____ is an injury to the shoulder muscles and is usually the result of acute trauma or degenerative changes. It leaves the individual unable to abduct his or her arm.
A torn rotator cuff
_____ is a surgical procedure necessary because of peripheral vascular disease and consequent gangrene. Trauma, malignancy, or congenital defects are additional reasons.
An unpleasant sensation or complication that sometimes follows the removal of an appendage is called
A degenerative disorder of the metatarsal-phalangeal joint of the great toe is called
A strong, tough strand or cord of dense connective tissue that serves as attachment for muscle to bone is
The major supporting element or "glue" in the connective tissue is
Tough, dense, fibrous bands of connective tissue that hold bones together are called
Osteoporosis rarely causes permanent disability. T/F
Osteoporosis is a silent disease until a bone breaks to cause pain. T/F
No specific diagnostic data are available to confirm osteoporosis. T/F
Because osteoarthritis cannot be cured, the goal of treatment is to
reduce inflammation, maintain functioning joints, and minimize pain.
The following statement is true about Lyme's disease.
It is curable with early treatment.
Risk factors for primary bone tumors include
prior chemotherapy, or radiation therapy.
A patient reporting bone pain, with or without local swelling, and systemic symptoms
needs the earliest appointment available and a timely medical evaluation.
A bone tumor weakens the bone and makes it more susceptible to fracture when subjected to the slightest strain. This is called
a pathologic fracture.
Tumors in muscles are very common.
Osteoporosis occurs more often in men in a 4:1 ratio.
A bunion is also called hallux valgus.
A fracture is the same as a broken bone.
A strained muscle is more serious than a sprained muscle.
Muscles are classified as either voluntary or involuntary.
The skeletal system is composed of 306 bones.
The complete skeleton is formed by the end of the third month of gestation.
The majority of joints are of the slightly movable type.
Inflammation of the bursae is called polymyositis.
Compound fracture through the skin
Break in bone with wound
One side of the bone is bent and the other is broken
Fracture twists around the bone
Fracture of the radius
Fracture of the collar bone
Bone is broken without an open wound to the skin.
Bone is fractured by pressure from another bone.
Bone is splintered or crushed.
Bone is fractured as a result of disease.
Bone is fractured, and one end is wedged into the end of the adjoining bone.
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