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International Relations Exam #2
Terms in this set (20)
Which year was the United Nations formed?
How many members does the United Nations currently have (as per Chapter 20)?
Which body preceded the United Nations to maintain international peace and security?
The League of Nations
Which is the key organ of the United Nations responsible for maintaining peace and
The Security Council
Which organ of the United Nations has its entire member states represented in it?
The General Assembly
Which 5 states are the permanent members of the Security Council?
United States, Russia, China, France and Britain
What is the key figure (head) of the United Nations' Secretariat called?
The General Secretary/ The Secretary General
Which Commission (under the auspice of the United Nations) was created in 1946 to
control international atomic weapons technology?
International Atomic Energy Agency
Why did the League of Nations fail?
They did not have the authority to make their decisions mandatory. The US wasn't even a part of it etc.
What is the meaning of horizontal and vertical proliferation?
Horizontal: The ability of nuclear weapon states to maintain nuclear weapons.
Vertical: Stopping the rights of the non-nuclear weapon states to produce nuclear weapons.
What is the meaning of disarmament?
The process of stopping/banning nuclear proliferation.
What is the Atoms For Peace Program?
A program started by President Eisenhower, to stop the spread of atomic weapons through
Identify 3 motivations of states to produce/acquire nuclear weapons.
Globalization, realism, psychological reasons, for their own identity, etc.
What is the meaning of political nationalism and ethnic nationalism?
Political nationalism is political boundedness on the basis of territory, etc.
Ethnic nationalism is boundedness on the basis of culture, religion, ethnicity, language, etc.
Give an example of a regional organization in Europe.
Which organization emerged in 1944 to control global trade?
Bretton's Wood System
What are the two major pillars in contemporary economy that control global finance?
The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF)
What is structural adjustment program?
Loans that are given by the World Bank and the IMF to the developing countries for their
economic development. These are conditional loans.
Which (other) organization emerged in 1944 to control global trade?
The General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (GATT)
Which organization emerged in 1995 to control global trade?
World Trade Organization (WTO)
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