Macromolecules and Digestion
Terms in this set (34)
What are four main macromolecules?
Lipids, Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids
What monomer does a lipid have?
What monomer do carbohydrates have?
What monomer do proteins have?
What monomer do nucleic acids have?
What are the functions of a lipid?
Long term energy storage
Prevents water loss
Protection from physical shock
Components of Hormones
What are the functions of carbohydrates?
What are the functions of proteins?
(Gary simultaneously moved his mouth)
Growth and Structure
Components of Hormones
What are the functions of nucleic acids?
Store and transmit genetic information
What is saturated and unsaturated?
saturated: solid at room temperature (bad)
unsaturated: liquid at room temperature (better)
What are examples of lipids?
What is saccharide?
What are examples of carbohydrates?
What are examples of proteins?
What are examples of nucleic acids?
What is the main purpose of digestion?
Break down food / absorb it in body
What is the first thing that happens to food in the digestive process? What type of digestion is this?
Chewing, cut and grind into smaller pieces, Mechanical
What happens after chewing?
What organ is responsible for connecting the mouth to the stomach?
What is peristalsis? What type of digestion is this?
Muscular contraction of esophagus that pushes food to stomach, Not Digestion
What is the function of stomach acid?
Break down food and dissolve into a liquid
Why are the walls of the stomach rigid?
What type of Digestion is in the stomach?
Mechanical and Chemical
Why aren't all food materials dissolved in the stomach?
Some things are too tough
After the stomach food passes into the _______________.
Digested is not ______________________.
How are the walls of the small intestine?
What are villi?
Unique structures in the small intestine that absorb the nutrients of food and pass them to the blood stream.
Where does the blood stream deliver the nutrients?
To different parts of the body, and cells
Where does food travel after the small intestine?
What is the function of the large intestine?
Remover of water from left over foods
What happens to the material left in the large intestine?
Large intestine digestion is ___________
What type of digestion is in the small intestine?
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