26 terms

BRIT LIT TEST 3

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PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Who became James Joyce's secretary?
Samuel Beckett
What playwright does Clarissa and Septimus quote throughout Mrs. Dalloway by Virginia Woolf?
Shakespeare
What was the working title that Virginia Woolf was going to use for Mrs. Dalloway, but Michael Cunningham ended up using for his novel?
The Hours
What author was born in America?
T.S. Elliot
What distinguishes New Criticism from previous forms of literary criticism?
New Criticism focuses on textual explication rather than historical context or biographical details about the author
What is an objective correlative?
A set of objects, a situation, a chain of events which shall be the formula for that particular emotion.
Anything that elicits an emotion within text or person reading
(T.S. Eliot)
What is simultaneity?
A set of objects, a situation, a chain of events which shall be the formula for that particular emotion.
Anything that elicits an emotion within text or person reading
(T.S. Eliot)
What are the major themes of "The Waste Land" and "Prufrock"?
"The Waste Land" had a lot of references to fertility
"Prufrock" had themes of aging and decay
"The Waste Land"
Burial of the dead
-introduces themes of disillusionment and despair
A game of Chess
-Expands the themes from part one
The Fire Sermon
-Philosophical meditation on death and asceticism
Death by Water
-Petition to consider death
What the Thunder Said
-Scene of judgement and benediction
What authors/works were alluded to in "The Waste Land"?
1) Geoffrey Chaucer "Canterbury Tales"
2) Holy Grail and Fisher King
3) Homer
4) Shakespeare (The Tempest)
5) Aldous Huxley - Crome Yellow
6) Tristan and Isolde (opera) Richard Wagner
7) From Ritual to Romance Jessie Weston
How does Woolf's stream-of-consciousness technique differ from Joyce's?
Woolf's stream-of-consciousness flows in and out of reality with punctuation(nonlinear) while Joyce's work is nearly like one long run on sentence(linear)
What is the relationship between stream-of-consciousness and impressionism?
Impressionism: a literary movement seeking to capture a feeling or experience of something rather than an accurate depiction of it
Ex: Ulysses and Mrs Dalloway
Stream-of-consciousness: a literary style in which a character's thoughts, feelings, and reactions are depicted in a continuous flow uninterrupted by objective description or conventional dialogue. James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, and Marcel Proust are among its notable early exponents.
So both capture the immediate thoughts and feelings that are expressed, without regard for second thought or objectivity?
I think that Impressionism is the movement while stream-of-consciousness is the type of writing style used to express the values of impressionist
What is "shell shock?"
Also known as Combat Stress Reaction.
Typically a short-term reaction to intense bombardment/fighting
Symptoms: hopelessness, panic, an inability to reason, insomnia
Often a precursor to PTSD (which is long-term)
What influence did war have on Mrs. Dalloway, "Prufrock", and "The Waste Land"?
For Mrs. Dalloway, Septimus was extremely influenced by the war. Mrs. Dalloway shows the influence war had on her when she automatically thinks the car kickback is a bomb.
iFor "Prufrock," mentions of "yellow smoke" -- alluding to mustard gas
What were the major premieres of Waiting for Godot?
1953- Paris (Premier) *100+ runs
1955- London
1956- Miami
1957- San Quentin Prison
*I think it's important that the show made it all the way to America
*Waiting for Godot was also played in a prison which was widely liked by the prison population which was a surprise
Tragicomedy:
a play that has elements of both tragedy and comedy
Slapstick:
not subtle, relies on physical action (brawls, spectacular but harmless falls)
Theatre of the Absurd:
disconnected, repetitive, and intentionally nonsensical. . Uses absurdity as a device to depict the actual absurdity of the modern human condition, denying conventions which result in works that are usually disconnected, repetitive, and intentionally nonsensical.
Postmodernism:
Works express anxiety and alienation; suggest the meaninglessness of the human condition through radically experimental works that defy conventions of cohesion and coherence (Beckett)
New Criticism:
an approach to the critical study of literature that concentrates on textual explication & rejects historical & biographical study as irrelevant to an understanding of the total formal organization of work
Objective Correlative:
a set of objects, a situation, or a chain of events which shall be the formula of that particular emotion.
Materialism: the physical rather than mental; Woolf did not like this
Impressionism:
writing that seeks to capture transitory, subjective impressions of a character, setting, or event (both Ulysses and Mrs. Dalloway can be considered impressionistic)
In French literature there was an impressionist movement
Subjective Reality:
Words and reality are subjective (seen in Mrs. Dalloway)
Doppelganger:
Usually a double (twin, shadow) of a protagonist
Simultaneity:
The interaction of events in time and space
Psychological Realism:
was focused on the accuracy of reporting internal rather than external detail.
Stream of Consciousness:
character's thoughts, feelings, and reactions are depicted in a continuous flow uninterrupted by objective description or conventional dialogue.
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