Russia and the Republics
Terms in this set (53)
Europe and Asia
What two continents is Russia located on?
How much of the earth's land surface does Russia cover?
How many time zones does Russia cover?
15 independant republics
What did the Soviet Union split into after it broke up?
Unlike Europe, Russia is made up of mostly what?
How many people live in Russia?
Commonwealth of Independant States, to take over the governing functions of the former Soviet Union
In 1991, the Soviet Union fell and each of the republics became independant. Many of these Republics now belong to an association called what? Why was it formed?
3 times bigger
How much bigger is the land area of Russia than the U.S.?
8.5 million square miles
How many square miles is Russia?
1. North European Plain, 2. West Siberian Plain, 3. Central Siberian Plateau, 4. Russian Far East
What are the 4 areas of the Northern 2/3 of Russia?
Northean European Plain
This area has Extensive lowland areas, Chernozem - "black earth" incredibly rich soil
3/4 of the region's population lives here.
Ural Mountains separate the N. European Plain & West Siberian Plains
Moscow, St Petersburg, and Kiev (capital of Ukraine)
Three of Russia's largest cities are located in the Northern European Plain. What are they?
The Western Siberian Plain
Lies between the Urals and the Yenisey River and between the shores of the Arctic Ocean and the foothills of the Altay Mountains.
East of the Yenisey River, (although some plains) mostly uplands and mountains.
High plateaus (between 1000-2000 ft) that lie between the Yensiey and Lena Rivers.
Russian Far East
East of the Lena River.
Complex system of volcanic ranges.
Kamchatka Peninsula (120 volcanoes, 20 still active).
Sakhalin and Kural Islands south of the peninsula
- Seized from Japan after WWII
-Japan still claims ownership of the Kuril Islands
The Caucasus Mountains
What are the four southern area landforms?
The Caucasus Mountains
Stretch across land between the Black and Caspian seas.
Border between Russia and Transcaucasia.
Includes the republics of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia.
Included in the huge wall of mountains that fall along the southern border of Russia and the republics.
Some of these mountains are located along the southeastern border of Central Asia.
Includes the republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan
Lies below the Caspian Sea and the mountains/uplands of Central Asia
Syr Darya and Amu Darya Rivers cross the plain
Kara Kum & Kyzyl Kum are deserts located here.
What are the 6 main drainage basins in Russia? These are areas drained by a major river and its tributaries.)
It is the largest.
Includes the Ob, Yenisey, and Lena Rivers.
Empties into the Arctic Ocean
Longest river on the European Continent.
Drains the Caspian Sea basin.
Flows southward to the Caspian.
Carries 60% of Russia's river traffic.
What are the two major lakes in Russia?
(actually a salt water lake); largest inland sea in the world.
(also saltwater lake) Lies east of the Caspian.
Holds 20% of the world's fresh water.
Nearly 400 miles north and south.
Deepest lake in the world. (nearly 1 mile)
Huge coal reserves
Leading producer of oil and natural gas
Vast forests: Holds 1/5 of world's timber.
What are the 5 major resources of Russia
In the frigid arctic and subarctic regions of Siberia (the part of Russia that lies on the continent of Asia.
Where are many of Russia's natural resources located?
Humid continental and subarctic climates
What climates dominate northern and eastern areas of the region?
The effect that being hundreds of miles from the moderating incluence of the seas has on a climate.
Most of the moisture comes from this ocean.
False, it loses moisture as it travels inland.
True or false, moisture from the ocean gains moisture as it travels inland.
Is TransTranscaucasia a warmer or colder climate?
Mostly in the Arctic Climate zone.
Lichens, mosses, low schrubs in these extreme conditions.
THINK NORTH POLE. BBRRRRRRR!!!!!
South of the Tundra.
Many animals: sables, fox, bears, ermine, wolves, etc
South of the forest.
Southern Ukraine through northern Kazakhstan toe the Altay Mts.
Major source of grain for Russia.
Deserts and Semideserts
Wide plains in west and central areas of Central Asia.
Kara Kum (Turkmenistan)
Kyzyl Kum (w Ubekistan)
The Aral Sea
What does this describe?
- Has lost about 80% of its water
-Receives most of its water from the Amu Darya and Syr Darya Rivers.
In the 1950's, Central Asia took large amounts of water from rivers to irrigate the cotton fields.
Large scale projects (Kara Kum canal) slowed the flow into the Aral to a trickle...it began to evaporate.
Farmers use pesticides and fertilizers.
32 million people
How many people live in Siberia?
Most variable temperature on earth ranging from -90 to 92 degrees F.
Spring thaw brings pools of water that are breeding grounds for mosquitoes and black flies.
Describe Russian Winters.
Built by Russian Czar at the end of the 19th century.
Links Moscow to the Pacific port of Vladivostok.
Speeds up travel. (7 days from Moscow to Vladivostok)
The Mountain range that separates the northern European and west siberian Plains is the
The Caucasus Mountains from the border between...
Russia and transcaucasia
The fertil soil found on the northern european plain is known as
The longest river on the European Continent is the
the oldest and deepest lake in the world is
A region for frigid temperatures as well as its many natural resources is
________ is the term used to describe a region's distance away from the moderating influence of the sea
One type of vegetation that is Not found in Russia and the republics is
The _____ was damaged by efforts to use its waters for irrigation of nearby farms
the term that is used to descirbe the permanently frozen subsoil in siberia is