cannon::: judicial branch 11/18
Terms in this set (59)
who won the 2016 presidential election?
Donald J. Trump
who made the runoff for senator of Louisiana?
John Kennedy & Foster Campbell
who made the runoff for congress for our district?
Clay Higgins & Scott Angelle
what happens when a tie occurs in the supreme court?
lower court decision stands
who speaks first when discussing a case on Friday?
Chief Justice, then others in seniority rank
who votes first on the decision?
What bloc is Samuel Alito?
What bloc is John Roberts?
What bloc is Clarence Thomas?
What bloc is Stephen Breyer?
What bloc is Ruth Bader Ginsburg?
What bloc is Elena Kagan?
What bloc is Sonia Sotomayor?
What bloc is Anthony Kennedy?
courts authority to hear and decide cases
how long do federal judges serve for?
why could federal judges be removed?
they can be impeached or retire
authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decide cases
the authority to hear cases for the first time
the authority of a court to hear a case appealed from a lower court
courts established by congress for specialized purposes
what kinds of cases can federal courts hear?
DO NOT MEMORIZE!
¯ Cases involving the US Constitution
¯ Violations of federal law
¯ Cases affecting ambassadors and US diplomats
¯ Admiralty and maritime issues
¯ Controversies of which the US is a party
¯ Controversies between two or more states
¯ Controversies between two or more people from different states
¯ Cases involving foreign governments and treaties
what kind of cases can district courts hear?
cases that federal courts can hear
what kind of cases can appeals courts hear?
cases on appeals
federal courts where trials are held and lawsuits begin
courts that review decisions made in lower district courts
the court sometimes has the power to take a case involving a few people and making the entire nation follow their decision on the case (ex. the abortion case)
a detailed explanation of the legal thinking behind a court's decision
a ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later similar case
the practice of using earlier judicial rulings as a basis for deciding cases
a statement that presents the views of the majority of the supreme court regarding a case
a statement written by a justice who disagrees with the majority
a statement written by a justice who votes but for different reasons
writ of certiorari
a request from the supreme court to order up the records from a lower court to review the case
per curiam opinion
short, unsigned opinion
what are some top priority cases for SCOTUS?
¯ Disputes over similar cases in different statistic ¯ Civil rights cases
¯ Cases where the US government is appealing to them
¯ Preferences and priorities of the court
the power of the supreme court to say whether an federal, state, local law or government action goes against the constitution
what case gave the court the power of judicial review?
Marbury v Madison
Which justice made the Supreme Court powerful and helped give us the judicial review power?
Chief Justice John Marshall
a written document explaining the position of one side or the other in a case
who was the first chief justice?
helps to funnel government cases to the supreme court
what do law clerks do?
reads all of the petitions and writes a summary of each
what are the three steps of a case being heard and decided?
-must appeal with a petition
-4 judges have to agree to hear a case
-writ of certiorari is sent down to a lower court requesting case info
Why would a president (who has appointment power) call a senator to ask the opinion of a potential judge appointment?
to ask about his reputation/how he would so in the job, receive info, etc.
If a case is moot, can the court hear it?
no, it must require resolution; although SCOTUS went around that in the Roe v Wade case
Can just anyone appeal to the court for any reason?
yes, you can appeal but they may not take it
Would they give me their opinion about hypothetical scenarios?
no, controversies must be real, in action and within their jurisdiction
how could someone appeal to the court to have their case heard?
paid petition or in forma pauperis
in forma pauperis
"in the form of a pauper" petitions by people with little money like inmates in prison so fees are not required
a philosophy of a judge or a court that believes the decisions of other branches of government should stand even if they offend a judge's own principles
a philosphy of a court or a judge that believes they can use their power broadly to further justice
courts or justices that interpret the constitution as it was originally written
What's the Latin phrase for "friend of the court"?
Why are these friends important in a SCOTUS decision?
Briefs submitted by interested parties for either side that are not directly involved in the suit
How many justices have to agree to hear a case on the discuss list?
4--"rule of 4"
What did the Judiciary Act of 1789 give us?
legislative act that established the basic three-part structure of the federal court system