Animal Farm/USSR

study guide for friday's test
STUDY
PLAY
Mr. Jones
czar nicholas II
Old Major
Karl Marx
animalism
Communism
Snowball
leon trotsky
Napoleon
joseph stalin
Squealer
Propaganda (Pravada)
The Dogs
Resemble the KGB or the secret police of Napoleon, help Napoleon have ultimate power
Moses The Crow
Religion/The Church
Boxer, Clover, and the other animals
the dedicated, but tricked proletariat
Benjamin
intellectuals
expulsion of Mr. Jones
The Russian Revolution(s)
Snowball chased off the farm
Trotsky murdered arrested and deported
Beasts of England
L'internationale
Windmill problems
5 year plans, Rush to industrialize, Fluctuating economy
The execution of the animals (supposedly not faithful to animalism)
Stalin"s Great Purges of the 1930s
Battle of the Cowshed
Russian Civil War
Napoleon elected president of the Republic of Animal Farm
Stalin is Dictator
The Farmhouse
The Kremlin
Committee of Pigs
The Bolsheviks
The Whip
The new masters of the totalitarian state
Foxwood (Pilkington)
Great Britain (English Prime Minister)
Pinchfield (Fredricks)
Germany
Cheating in the card game
Mistrust and the cold war ensues
Totalitarianism
a government system in which all power rests in the hands of the state (government) and the goverment suppresses the individual and more importatly controls every aspect of people's lives using force
Democracy
A system of government in which supreme authority rests with the people (examples: The US, England, and Japan)
Socialism
A government system that has effects on a country's economy in which the government makes economic decisions to distribute the wealth among citizens. Elections take place, there usually is a capitalist economy, has multiple parties, and the government owns many factories, farms, and important industries.
Communism
A version of socialism based on the ideas of Karl Marx. Capitalism was flawed and created a small class of wealthy owners (known as the capitalists or the bourgeoisie) and had a large class of poor workers (proletariat). Eventually, the workers will violently overthrow the capitalists and establish a system without classes and with the wealth distributed equally.
Proletariat
The lower-class workers that, according to communism, are oppressed and would eventually rise up and rebel against the bourgeoisie
Bourgeoisie
The capitalists or owners of wealth and means of production. According to communism, the oppressors would eventually be overthrown by the proletariat
Kulaks
wealthy peasant farmers who profited from owning land (in communism, kulaks were considered part of the bourgeoisie, the capitalists, or the oppressors) Stalin fined them, took away their property, and put them in labor camps
Gulags
A Huge system of prison camps that were built to house large-scale arrests of "enemies of the state" in Russia from 1928-1953. As many as 50 million people served long sentences
Nicholas II
The last czar of Russia who did not deal with many problems, was not a good leader, and was overthrown by the Bolsheviks.
Leon Trotsky
A Russian Revolutionary leader who led the Red Army, fought victoriously against the White Russians, was exiled in 1929 by Stalin, and was murdered in 1940.
Joseph Stalin
Became the dictator of the USSR and led the communist party in 1924 after Lenin's death. He also established 5-year plans.
Bolsheviks
An extreme revolutionary group led by Lenin in the early 1900s.
White Russians
People loyal to the czar who fought against the bolsheviks.
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