Social Psych - Chapter 12
Terms in this set (30)
the positive or negative beliefs that we hold about the characteristics of social groups; cognition
an unjustifiable negative attitude toward an outgroup or toward the members of that outgroup; affect
unjustified negative behaviors toward members of outgroups based on their group membership
cognition, affect, behavior
stereotyping is a _________, prejudice is a _________, discrimination is a ___________
performance decrements caused by the knowledge of cultural stereotypes
the natural cognitive processes by which we place individuals into social groups
the tendency to view members of outgroups as more similar to each other than we see members of ingroups
Bogus pipeline procedure
procedure designed to elicit honest responses; in which experimenter first convinces participants that he has access to their "true" beliefs. The participants are then assumed to be more honest in answering the rest of the questions
implicit association test
procedure designed to elicit more honest, implicit beliefs; participants classify stimuli into one of two categories (using buttons in their hands). Categories arranged such that responses to be answered with left or right either match or mismatch stereotype.
the tendency to respond more positively to people from our ingroups than people from outgroups
ultimate attribution error
the tendency for competing groups to make causal attributions that maintain ingroup favoritism
the positive emotions that we experience as a member of an important social group
black sheep effect
strong negative responses to ingroup members who threaten the positive image/identity of the ingroup
an individual difference variable characterized by a tendency to prefer things to be simple rather than complex and to hold traditional values
social dominance orientation
a personality variable that refers tot he tendency to see and to accept inequality among different groups
the idea that the intergroup contact will reduce prejudice (less negative affect and less discrimination)
an approach to learning in which students from different racial or ethnic groups work together, in an interdependent way, to master material
the prediction that people who have friends from other social groups will be more accepting of all members of these groups
goals both important to the person and yet require cooperative efforts to attain
common ingroup identity
the attempt to reduce prejudice by creating a superordinate categorization
hypervigilence, assimilation and accommodation
if no social category...
if more time and effort, _____ social categorization
if more cognitive load and stressful situations, _____ social categorization
automatic and controlled activation
what are the two parts to devine's dissociation model of stereotypes?
experience, culture, family
3 things that determine our schemas:
self-fulfilling prophecy, cognitive dissonance, assimilation and accommodation
3 reasons stereotypes are hard to change:
what moderates stereotype threat?
____________ theory is that there are only so many resources so if your group doesn't get something another group will
deindividuation, dehumanization, cognitive dissonance
3 factors influencing discrimination in extreme violence situations:
mutual interdependence, common goal, equal status, interpersonal contact, multiple contacts and social norms of equality are all parts of what theory?
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