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133 terms

Wetland Plant ID

Common names, scientific names, and additional info on common wetland plants.
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Silver Maple
Acer saccharinum
(Broken sticks smell)
Garlic-Mustard
Alliaria petiolata
Red Maple
Acer rubrum
(Broken sticks don't smell)
Northern Water-Plantain
Alisma triviale
Speckled Alder
Alnus incana
(Double-toothed leaves, Smooth Alder has single-toothed leaves)
Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata
Devil's Beggar-Ticks
Bidens frondosa
(Compound leaves)
False Nettle
Boehmeria cylindrica
Watershield
Brasenia schreberi
Bluejoint
Calamagrostis canadensis
Bearded Sedge
Carex comosa
(Spikes are droopy)
Northern Long Sedge
Carex folliculata
Bladder Sedge
Carex intumescens
Wooly-fruit Sedge
Carex lasiocarpa
Hop Sedge
Carex lupulina
Lurid Sedge
Carex lurida
Buttonbush
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Leatherleaf
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Turtlehead
Chelone glabra
Wood Reed
Cinna arundinacea
Virgin's Bower
Clematis virginiana
(Herbaceous Vine)
Goldthread
Coptis trifolia
Silky Dogwood
Cornus amomum
(Blue berries, young twigs purplish to reddish with light brown pith)
Red Osier Dogwood
Cornus alba
(White berries, red twigs with white pith)
Swamp Loosestrife
Decodon verticillatus
(Whorled leaves)
Groundpine
Dendrolycopodium obscurum
Flat-topped White Aster
Doellingeria umbellata
Crested Fern
Dryopteris cristata
Three-Way Sedge
Dulichium arundinaceum
Walter Millet
Echinochloa walteri
Spike-Rush
Eleocharis obtusa
Northern Willow-herb
Epilobium ciliatum
(Leaves slightly more lance-shaped and greener)
Purple-Leaf Willow-herb
Epilobium coloratum
(Leaves slightly broader and more purplish)
Water Horsetail
Equisetum fluviatile
Virginia Cotton Grass
Eriophorum virginicum
Boneset
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Grass-leaved Goldenrod
Euthamia graminifolia
Hollow-stemmed Joe-pye-weed
Eutrochium fistulosum
(Whorled leaves)
American Beech
Fagus grandifolia
(Simple, Toothed, Alternate)
Green Ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
(Compound, Opposite)
Dye Bedstraw
Galium tinctorium
(Whorled Leaves)
Wintergreen
Gaultheria procumbens
(Evergreen Shrub)
White Avens
Geum canadense
Manna Grass
Glyceria canadensis
(Droopy)
Witch Hazel
Hamamelis virginiana
Sneezeweed
Helenium autumnale
Rose-Mallow
Hibiscus moscheutos
Common Winterberry
Ilex verticillata
(Berries are persistent through the winter)
Jewelweed
Impatiens capensis
Blueflag
Iris versicolor
Canadian Rush
Juncus canadensis
Soft Rush
Juncus effusus
Sheep Laurel
Kalmia angustifolia
Bog Laurel
Kalmia polifolia
Wood Nettle
Laportea canadensis
(Stinging hairy stems)
Labrador Tea
Ledum groenlandicum
(leaf edges are curled under, leaf is brown and fuzzy underneath)
Rice Cut Grass
Leersia oryzoides
(Hairy nodes on stem)
Cardinal Flower
Lobelia cardinalis
Great Lobelia
Lobelia siphilitica
Water Horehound
Lycopus virginicus
Maleberry
Lyonia ligustrina
(White bell-shaped flowers and persistent fruit capsules with star)
Fringed Loosestrife
Lysimachia ciliata
Ostrich Fern
Matteuccia struthiopteris
(Tapers at bottom)
Wild Mint
Mentha arvensis
Square-stemmed Monkeyflower
Mimulus ringens
(Stalkless leaves)
Sweetgale
Myrica gale
Mountain Holly
Nemopanthus mucronatus
(Purple leaf stalks)
Spatterdock
Nuphar lutea
White Water Lily
Nymphaea odorata
Black Gum
Nyssa sylvatica
(Bluish-black berries, Simple, Alternate, Entire)
Sensitive Fern
Onoclea sensibilis
Cinnamon Fern
Osmunda cinnamomea
(Does not taper at bottom, Wooly hairs at base of stalk)
Royal Fern
Osmunda regalis
Red-top Panic Grass
Panicum rigidulum
(Spikelets arranged mostly on one side of inflorescence branches)
Marsh Fern
Parathelypteris noveboracensis
Common Smartweed
Persicaria hydropiper
Mild Water Pepper
Persicaria hydropiperoides
Water Smartweed
Persicaria punctata
Halberd-leaved Tearthumb
Persicaria arifolia
Arrow-leaf Tearthumb
Persicaria sagittata
Red Chokeberry
Photinia pyrifolia
(Red berries, small black dots allong middle vein of leaf, hairy flower stalks)(Black chokeberry has hairless flower stalks and black berries)
Clearweed
Pilea pumila
Eastern White Pine
Pinus strobus
(Saw in bog)
White Fringed Orchid
Platanthera blephariglottis
American Sycamore
Platanus occidentalis
Pickerelweed
Pontederia cordata
Eastern Cottonwood
Populus deltoides
Pin Oak
Quercus palustris
Swamp Azalea
Rhododendron viscosum
White Beak Sedge
Rhynchospora alba
(Same as a beak rush, but it is actually a sedge)
Multiflora Rose
Rosa multiflora
(Smaller red berries, fringed stipules)
Swamp Rose
Rosa palustris
(Larger red berries)
Swamp Dewberry
Rubus hispidus
(Woody Vine, berries look like small blackberries)
Big-leaved Arrowhead
Sagittaria latifolia
Silky Willow
Salix sericea
(Inconspicuous flowers borne on catkins)
Common Elderberry
Sambucus nigra
(Purplish-Bluish berries, flat-topped inflorescence, thin bark can be removed with fingernail to reveal green underneath)
Purple Pitcherplant
Sarracenia purpurea
Soft-stemmed Bullrush
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Green Bulrush
Scirpus atrovirens
Woolgrass
Scirpus cyperinus
Mad Dog Skullcap
Scutellaria lateriflora
(Has a square stem)
Water Parsnip
Sium suave
Common Greenbriar
Smilax rotundifolia
(Woody vine with prickles, bluish-black berries, greenish flowers in dense clusters)
Bittersweet Nightshade
Solanum dulcamara
(Herbaceous vine)
Rough-leaved Goldenrod
Solidago patula
(Upper surface of leaves rough, bottom surfaces smooth)
Rough-Stemmed Goldenrod
Solidago rugosa
(Hairy stems, leaves hairy on upper and lower surfaces)
Bur-reed
Sparganium americanum
(Cross-section of leaves are triangular)
Broad-leaved Meadowsweet
Spiraea alba
(No hairs on leaves)
Steeplebush
Spiraea tomentosa
(Hairy leaves)
Small White Aster
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
Swamp Aster
Symphyotrichum puniceum
Tall Meadow Rue
Thalictrum pubescens
Eastern Marsh Fern
Thelypteris palustris
Marsh St. John's Wort
Triadenum virginicum
American Elm
Ulmus americana
(Bark has light and dark layers like a layer cake)
Highbush Blueberry
Vaccinium corymbosum
(Stems dark on top and green below, blue berries)
Blue Vervain
Verbena hastata
Northern Arrowwood
Viburnum dentatum
(Blue berries)
Nanny-berry
Viburnum lentago
(Long pointed leaves with winged stalks)
Common Buckthorn
Rhamnus cathartica
(Blue-black berries, leaves have fewer veins than glossy buckthorn)
Glossy Buckthorn
Frangula alnus
(Leaves have more veins than common buckthorn, berries turn red)
Has resin dots
Dangleberry
Black Huckleberry
Hairy nodes
Rice Cutgrass
Invasive Species
Glossy Buckthorn
Common Buckthorn
Purple Loosestrife
Common Reed
Multiflora Rose
Japanese Knotweed
Broad-leaved Cattail
Typha latifolia
Narrow-leaved Cattail
Typha angustiflolia
(Separate male and female parts)
Common Reed
Phragmites australis
Trees common in swamps
Red Maple
American Elm
Cottonwood
Black Gum
Pin Oak
Swamp White Oak
Yellow Birch
Green Ash
Black Ash
Box Elder
River Birch
Betula nigra
(Peeling bark)
Sweet Gum
Liquidambar styraciflua
Swamp White Oak
Quercus bicolor
Box Elder
Acer negundo
Purple Loosestrife
Lythrum salicaria

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