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US History 1: chapter 5
Terms in this set (38)
1. The Articles of Confederation gave the Confederation Congress all of the following
declare war, raise armies, and sign treaties
2. News of Shays's Rebellion and unrest elsewhere convinced the Congress to?
raise the taxes
3. The only state that did not send delegates to the Constitutional Convention was?
4. The Virginia Plan would benefit?
larger states with large populations
5. What two steps does amending the Constitution require?
proposal ad ratification
6. People pushing for ratification of the Constitution called themselves?
7. The real issue for opponents of the Constitution was whether the national government?
or state government would be supreme
8. Shay's Rebellion started because?
the government decided to raise the taxes instead of issuing paper money to pay off debt
9. The delegate chosen as presiding officer of the Constitutional Convention was?
10. The Constitutional Convention had to balance states' rights with the need for?
need for a strong central government
11. What are the provisions of the Virginia Plan?
scrapping the articles of confederation entirely
12. The government set forth in the Constitution is a federal system because it?
divides government power between the federal and state
13. The system created to prevent any one of the three branches of government from
becoming too powerful is called?
separation of powers
14. A plan that proposed scrapping the Articles of Confederation and creating a new national
government with the power to make laws binding upon the states and raise money
through taxes was called the?
15. The Great Compromise proposed that in one house of Congress—the House of
Representatives—the states would be represented according to the size of their?
16. The compromise that stated every five enslaved people in a state would count as three
free persons for determining both representation and taxes was called the?
17. Antifederalists opposed the Constitution because they thought it endangered the
independence of the?
18. How many states had to vote in favor of the Constitution in order to put it into effect?
19. What did the Federalists promise to add to the Constitution after ratification?
the Bill of Rights
20. Why did the founders provide for a separation of powers in the federal government?
so no one government would have a higher power thn the other government
opponents to the constitution
a collection of 85 essays written by James Madison about arguments of the congress
rebellion against the raise in taxes instead of issuing paper money to pay off debt
prevents any one of the three branches from becoming too powerful
checks and balances
divided he government power between the federal, or national government and the state governments
reject acts of congress
formally accuse of misconduct, remove any high official or president
taxes in imported goods
rule by the people
supporters to the constitution
counter proposal to the Virginia Plan, modified the Articles of Confederation to make the central government stronger
New Jersey Plan
make the laws
legislative branch of government
interpret the laws
judicial branch of government
enforce the laws
executive branch of government
a person with strong patriotic feelings, especially one who believes in the superiority of their country over others
proposed scrapping the Articles of confederation entirely and creating a new national government with the power to make law binding upon the states and to raise its own money through taxes
a plan for a loose union of the states under the authority of the congress
Articles of Confederation
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