English III Honors
Terms in this set (114)
Abelard & Heloise
French Philosopher and Theologian. Preaches that Our love for God is a response to God's love for us, and God's love for us is displayed most clearly in the cross., French philosopher and theologian, French philosopher and theologian
Greek slave who was an author of fables (circa 620-560 BC)
Alice in Wonderland
Author Lewis Caroll. Girl falls asleep and dreams of a series of adventures; children's novel; fantasy
A collection of folktales in Arabic dating from the 10th century
In Arabian Nights. Wife of the sultan of India, who relates such interesting tales nightly that the sultan spares her life.
the fictional woodcutter who discovered that 'open sesame' opened a cave in the Arabian Nights' Entertainments
In the Arabian Nights a boy who acquires a magic lamp from which he can summon a genie
Sinbad the Sailor
in the Arabian Nights a hero who tells of the fantastic adventures he had in his voyages
Saying used by Ali Baba uin the Arabian Nights to open a cave.
Part of ancient Greece, known for pastoral life style, hence a state of blissful, idyllic pastoral life. .
An airy spirit attendant upon Prospero; gender ambiguous; used to be Sycorax's servant
Tricky thief; pupil of Fagin. (Dickens Oliver Twist)
Leader of the Huns who put pressure on the Roman Empire's borders during the 5th century. Army named "Golden Horde"
Place of magic, where Excalibur was forged, island where King Arthur goes at his death
George F. Babbitt
A narrow-minded, self-satisfied person with an unthinking attachment to middle-class values and materialism.
The Bard (of Avon)
English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616)
The first of three parts of Dante's epic poem, The Divine Comedy, which depicts an imaginary journey through Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise. Dante is the hero, who loses his way in the "dark woods" and journeys to nine regions arranged around the wall of a huge funnel in nine concentric circles representing Hell.
Beauty and the Beast
fairytale with a prince enchanted as a beast and the girl who loves him and melts his ugliness away
Scylla & Charybdis (Odyssey)
(Greek mythology) a sea nymph transformed into a sea monster who lived on one side of a narrow strait
Blind leading the blind
When an unknowledgeable person leads a group of people
Leopold Bloom (Joyce's Ulysses)
the fictional protagonist and antihero of James Joyce's Ulysses. Throughout the book his actions obliquely but comprehensively mirror those of Ulysses/Odysseus in The Odyssey.
(fairytale) a monstrous villain who marries seven women
Bluebird of Happiness
It is a widely accepted symbol of cheerfulness, happiness, prosperity, hearth and home, good health, new births, the renewal of springtime
Brave New World
Aldous Huxley. About an outsider raised on the Reservation tries and fails to find love in the World State, a place where people are robbed of their humanity and sedated with the drug soma.
Billy Budd (Melville)
An innocent young sailor, kills an evil sailor in a moment of rage, a crime for which he is hanged.
Natty Bumppo (Cooper's Leatherstocking Tales)
A noted frontiersman created by James Fenimore Cooper. First Romanticism Hero
of or relating to or characteristic of the Byzantine Empire or the ancient city of Byzantium
Camelot refers to the seat of the court of the legendary King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table; it has come to mean a place or time of idyllic happiness. assasination made it clear. shaped by myth
Alexander Dumas Jr's. most famous book
an Italian adventurer who wrote vivid accounts of his sexual encounters (1725-1798)
a legendary Spanish nobleman and philanderer who became the hero of many poems and plays and operas
a successful womanizer (after a fictional seducer)
Holden Caulfield (Catcher in the Rye)
Main Character inThe Catcher in the Rye. depressed, hypocritical, thinks everything is phony, loves the innocence of children, has a dark mood often, wants to save children from falling from innocence and truth
Fletcher Christian & Captain Bligh (Mutiny on the Bounty)
Leader of mutinous sailors against Captain Bligh (1789). from the novel Mutiny on the Bounty
An awkward schoolmaster in Washington Irving's "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" who was scared out of town on Halloween night by the ghostly headless horseman.
Headless Horseman ( Legend of Sleepy Hollow)
The Headless Horseman is a novel by Mayne Reid written in 1865 or 1866 and is based on the author's adventures in the United States.
Crossing the Rubicon
"Point of no return" - Caesar crossed the Rubicon with his army to defeat the senate and others to take control of Rome
Cyrano de Bergerac
In seventeenth-century France, an eloquent poet who is brilliant swordsman and has a grotesque nose woos his beloved on behalf of the handsome but inarticulate Christian.
Robinson Crusoe & Friday ( Man Friday/ Girl Friday)
a novel written by Daniel Defoe about a English sailor shipwrecked on an island, where he lives for more than 20 years, fending off cannibals and creating a pleasant life for himself
a fictional character created by Alexandre Dumas, père who first appears as the protagonist in the novel The Three Musketeers. Like several of Dumas' characters, he is loosely based on a real person - Charles de Batz-Castelmore, Comte d'Artagnan.
Three Musketeers (Dumas)
is a novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. Set in the seventeenth century, it recounts the adventures of a young man named d'Artagnan after he leaves home to become a guard of the musketeers
An ancient city in central Greece, in Phocis: site of an oracle of Apollo
Daughter of Brabantio who had stolen away and married Othello.
Novel written by Don Miguel de Cervantes, thought to be the first novel written. This was a Cervantes satire poking fun at Spanish nobility and cruelty during his time
Someone who demands physical evidence in order to be convinced (especially when this demand is out of place)
Fictional vampire in a gothic horror novel by Bram Stoker
"Eat, drink and be merry"
Bible, Ecclesiastes VIII 15 (King James Version): To eat, and to drink, and to be merry
Conflict during phallic stage in which girls supposedly love their fathers romantically and want to eliminate their mothers as rivals
According to Freud, a boy's sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father
(Sir John) Falstaff (Shakespear plays)
A dissolute character in Shakespeare's plays
Feet of Clay
If someone has _____________ they have flaws that make them seem more human and like normal people.
A covering consisting of anything intended to conceal something regarded as shameful
Fly in the Ointment
An inconvenience that detracts from the usefulness of something
Frankenstein ( Frankenstein's monster/ The Creature)
Namless Creature. a symbol of his parentlessness and lack of human sense of self and identity. He does call himself, when speaking to his creator,
Originally James Gatz, protagonist, loves Daisy, deeply flawed but optimistic, idealist
Israel's sixth military leader; defeated a vastly superior enemy army with just 300 chosen men
An intricate knot tied by Gordius, the king of Phrygia, and cut by the sword of Alexander the Great after he heard that whoever undid it would become ruler of Asia
(legend) Chalice used by Christ at the last supper
A fictional land in Jonathan Swift's satirical novel Gulliver's Travels occupied by giants.
6 inch tall people who lived on Lilliput in the novel, GULLIVER'S TRAVELS
Gulliver's Travels - Houyhnhnms' slaves, look like humans, idiots and violent, only governed by passionate and not reason
An evil mythical monster with the head and body of a woman and the tail, wings, and talons of a bird
A fictitious detective in stories by A. Conan Doyle, Great fiction detective profiler. His special skill was using the deductive profiling method to solve cases. He said his gift is his great attention to detail. He took note of evidence that others overlooked.
is the loyal and trusted friend, companion and chronicler of Sherlock Holmes, a late19th-century fictional detective created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
a mischievous boy in a novel by Mark Twain. One of Tom's friends; allowed to do almost anything he wants.
A Soldier In Shakespeare's Othello, who has fought beside Othello for several years, and has become his trusted advisor
Jekyll & Hyde
The dual title character is a doctor who has covered up a secret life full of cruel deeds. He feels as if he is constantly battling within himself between what is good and what is evil, and is pushing away people dear to him. After drinking a potion of his own creation, Jekyll is transformed into the smaller, younger, cruel, remorseless, evil Edward_______.
The fiftieth year when all land was to return to its ancestral owners and slaves were to be freed - a super-Sabbath
Land of Goshen
A region of ancient Egypt on the eastern delta of the Nile River. According to the Bible, it was inhabited by the Israelites from the time of Jacob until the Exodus.
A man has a love affair with his stepdaughter and kills the man who stole her away from him.
A siren of German legend who lured boatmen in the Rhine to destruction
(Arthurian legend) the magician who acted as King Arthur's advisor
Published by melville in 1851; portrayed ahab, story of courage and the strength of the individual but also tragedy of pride and revenge
Main charcter in Melville's moby Dick. who is very eager to exact revenge and intent on capturing the whale
(Old Testament) the son of Abraham who was cast out after the birth of Isaac
A famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci
Never- Never Land
A pleasing country existing only in dreams or imaginatio
He'll never grow up, even if he marries wendy-ooooo
An all powerful government or organization monitoring and direction people's actions
Deliberately ambiguous and contradictiory language use to mislead and manipulate the public
Noble Savage (Cooper's Leatherstocking Tales)
man was born good and had the potential to be good, however turned bad due to civilization
The heroine of the book Gone With the Wind. She is a shrewd, manipulative southern belle who survives two husbands and finally is matched in wits by a third, Rhett Butler.
(n) name of heroine of a novel by Eleanor H. Porter - Am. writer; an excessively or persistently optimistic person
Pound of Flesh
Used to observe/describe someones insistence on being repaid, even if the repayment will destroy/harm debtor. (Literature)
A path of ease or pleasure (especially sensual pleasure)
Rip Van Winkle
The hero of Washington Irving's story about a man who went into the mountains to hunt. There he found a group of little men playing ninepins. He joined them and after the game lay down to take a nap, which lasted 20 years.
Legendary Hero who robbed from the rich and gave to the poor.
A period of unrestrained revelry; named after the ancient Roman festival of Saturn, with general feasting in revelry in honor of the winter solstice.
A creature that is half-man, half beast, with the horns and legs of a goat
HUCK's best friend, not at all realistic but good at heart, must always make up adventures, the foil to or opposite of HUCK
Grouchy owner of a London counting-house (accountant's office), 3 spirits of christmas come to visit him to try to change his gready, cold-hearted approach to life
A book on Puritans beliefs on adultery, if you committed the act you had to wear a scarlet letter A.
Shangri- La (Lost Horizon)
Place where life is beautiful and peaceful; a utopia
A word, expression, or custom that distinguishes a particular group of persons from all others; a commonplace saying or truism
A relentless creditor; demanding one's pound of flesh (Shakespeare Play)
George Elliot's Protagonist of the story. He is Dynamic. Kind, simple, loving.
Fairy story: princess under an evil spell who could be awakened only by a prince's kiss
One of a number of large stone statues with the body of a lion and the head of a man that were built by the ancient Egyptians
The musician in a novel by George du Maurier who controls Trilby's singing hypnotically
Tiny Tim Cratchit
The handicapped son of Bob Cratchit, the employee of Ebenezer Scrooge in A Christmas Carol, by Charles Dickens. He speaks the famous line, "God bless us every one.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Anti-slavery book, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, which alarmed previously unconcerned Northerners about slvery
A servile black character in a novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe
The cruel slave dealer in an anti-slavery novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe
Boy who St. Clare gave to Ophelia to educate
The daughter of Augustine St. Clare. She enters the narrative when Uncle Tom is traveling via steamship to New Orleans to be sold, and he rescues the 5 or 6 year-old girl from drowning. constantly talks about love and forgiveness.
Perfect place, paradise, Eden
A city through which the king's highway passes and the yearlong fair that is hed there. William Makepeace Thackeray.
The Latin edition of the Bible translated from Hebrew and Greek mainly by St. Jerome at the end of the 4th century
A legendary Jew condemned to roam the world for mocking Jesus at the Crucifixion
Scared belonging to kings. If a rajah is gaing too much power, the mono-rajah gave him a White Elephant. It's both a honor and not. Now its a gift you don't want, but you can't give it away.
This German word refers to the night before May Day (the first day of May) when witches are supposed to meet together and create havoc. Anything called by this name is supposed to have a nightmarish quality.
Lady Godiva/ Peeping Tom
according to legend she rode naked through Coventry in order to persuade her husband not to tax the townspeople so heavily