Paschal Mystery Chapter 8
Terms in this set (53)
A word that means "call." For Catholics the primary call is to be disciples of Jesus Christ. This call, given at Baptism, requires Catholics to bring God's love to others and to share the Good News.
A firm attitude, stable disposition, and habitual disposition of our intellect and will that regulates our actions, directs our passions and guides our conduct according to reason and faith.
The four hinge virtues that support moral living: prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance.
A bad habit, such as laziness, that inclines us to choose the evil rather than the good.
The relationship between God and humans that results in a body of beliefs and a set of practices: creed, cult, and code. Religion expresses itself in worship and service to God and by extension to all people and all creation.
Three important virtues bestowed on us at Baptism that relate us to God: faith, hope, and charity.
Corporal Works of Mercy
Charitable actions that include feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, visiting the sick and the imprisoned, sheltering the homeless, and burying the dead.
Spiritual Works of Mercy
Seven practices of Catholic charity directed toward the soul of our neighbor; based on the teaching of Christ and the Tradition of the Church from the time of the Apostles. They are: counsel the doubtful, instruct the ignorant, admonish the sinner, comfort the sorrowful, forgive injuries, bear wrongs patiently, and pray for the living and the dead.
The Holy Spirit's grace that cleanses us from our sins through faith in Jesus Christ and baptism. Justification makes us right with God.
Special gifts the Holy Spirit gives to individual Christians to build up the Church.
Gifts of the Holy Spirit
God-given abilities that help us live Christian life with God's help. Jesus promised these gifts through the Holy Spirit, especially the Sacrament of Confirmation. The seven gifts are wisdom, understanding, knowledge, counsel (right judgement), fortitude (courage), piety (reverence), and fear of the Lord (wonder and awe.)
Fruits of the Holy Spirit
Perfections that result from living in union with the Holy Spirit.
The "power, rooted in reason and will...to perform deliberate actions on one's own responsibility."
A person's most secret core and sanctuary that helps the person determine between good and evil. It moves a person at the appropriate times to make specific choices, approving those that are good and rejecting those that are evil.
Define human virtue.
Name the cardinal virtues. What does each do?
Distinguish among these four kinds of justice: commutative, distributive, legal, and social.
Give an example of a vice that is contrary to each of the cardinal virtues.
What does the theological virtue of faith accomplish?
Discuss two ways we can strengthen the virtue of faith.
List the corporal and spiritual works of mercy.
What does the theological virtue of hope enable us to do?
What does the theological virtue of charity enable us to do?
Why should Christians love?
Page 196; Grace is God's "favor, the free and undeserved help" that God gives us to respond to his call to become children of God, adoptive sons, partakers of the divine nature and of eternal life.
List five effects of sanctifying grace.
- Enables us to believe and hope in God and to love him through the theological virtues.
- Gives us the power to live under the influence of the Holy Spirit through the gifts he bestows on us.
- Allows us to grow in goodness through the mortal virtues.
Distinguish between and among these terms: sanctifying grace, actual grace, sacramental grace, and charisms.
Sanctifying grace is also habitual grace, a "permanent
disposition to live and act in keeping with God's call."
We distinguish this from actual graces, which are God's interventions "at the beginning of conversion or in the course of sanctification."
Sacramental graces are specific gifts that come from particular sacraments; charism, which are special gifts that the Holy Spirit gives to individual Christians to build up the Body of Christ, the Church; and "graces of state," which are the help God gives to particular ministries in the Church.
Name the Gifts of the Holy Spirit.
Wisdom, Understanding, Knowledge, Counsel (right judgement), Fortitude (courage), Piety (reverence), Fear of the Lord (wonder and awe).
Discuss three ways a person can grow in holiness.
First, we must practice the virtue of charity because it is the essential means to holiness. Charity is the "soul" of holiness because it "governs, shapes, and perfects all the means of sanctification."
Second, we must celebrate the sacraments because they help bring us into union with Jesus Christ by the power of the Holy Spirit.
Why are human beings capable of holiness?
Page 200; Made in God's image and likeness, humans are created out of love, for love, and to love.
What is free will?
Page 201; Free will is the capacity to choose among alternatives.
Page 201; Our conscience helps us to determine what is the Christ-like, moral, and the holy thing to do.
Name at least four steps that are necessary to form a good conscience.
- Use your human intellect to discover God's goodness and truth. Moral laws like the Ten Commandments guide us on the right path to making good decisions.
- Grow close to Jesus through prayer and the sacraments.
- Look to Jesus' Death on the cross as the perfect example of how to love and how to obey God the Father.
- Look to the example of holy people like the Blessed Mother and the saints and learn from wise Catholics who are trying to live a holy life in our own time.
- Use the gifts and graces that the Holy Spirit has given us. Their purpose is to help us live good and virtuous lives.
Why must we always follow our conscience?
Page 203; Guided by the Holy Spirit, we must eventually act on what our conscience tells us is the right course of action. Our conscience can help us evaluate whether or not we did the right and good thing.
What is the role of the Magisterium in helping people do the right thing?
Page 202; The pope and bishops apply Christ's message to matters that affect our Salvation and to issues involving our fundamental rights as human beings made in God's image. The Church is a loving mother who helps guide us in right living and points out the path to holiness.
What are the three sources of every moral action?
Pages 202&203; Am upright conscience properly formed will recognize that there are three sources of morality: the object chosen, the end or the intention, and the circumstances surrounding an action.
Explain how conscience can sometimes be in error. What must we do to correct it?
What role does suffering have in the life of Christians?
How are we to accept and live the grace of Redemption?
Repenting of our sins.
Believing in the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
Living a life of holiness.
What are human/moral virtues?
How did St. Thomas Aquinas define prudence?
Right reason in action.
What is a synonym for fortitude?
Prezi: Courage ( to conquer fears- even the dead of death-for a worthy cause)
According to St. Thomas Aquinas, what are three parts to practicing the virtue of temperance?
Obedience: Jesus' will was perfectly attuned to his Father's. Love means obeying Jesus' commands.
Reverence: Love involves respecting and valuing the absolute goodness of God and the goodness of other people made in his image and likeness.
Sacrifice: Love requires commitment, walking the extra mile, and never giving up on God, other people, or oneself. Spiritual disciplines like fasting, prayer, sharing with the poor. And the like increase love in our hearts.
How does the Catechism define hope?
Hope is the theological virtue by which we desire the kingdom of heaven and eternal life as our happiness, placing our trust in Christ's promises and relying not on our own strength, but on the help of the grace of the Holy Spirit.
What theological virtue (agape in Greek, caritas in Latin) was called the "mother of all virtues" by St. Thomas Aquinas?
Page 193; St. Thomas Aquinas stated that charity is the "mother of all virtues."
What are all Catholics called to be?
Page 187; Saints, holy ones of God, who with the help of the Holy Spirit, allow the life and light of Christ to shine through us to attract us to him and his Heavenly Father.
What are the four types of justice?
Commutative: Regulates relationships of exchange between individual and social groups.
Distributive: Seeks fair distribution of the goods of creation.
Legal: Governs what individuals owe society as a whole.
Social: Applies the Gospel message of Jesus Christ to the structures, systems, and laws of society.
What is sanctifying grace?
Page 197; Sanctifying grave is also habitual grace, a "permanent disposition to live and act in keeping
Does an adolescent have a "fully formed conscience?"
Page 202; No; Forming a true and upright conscience requires sincerity on our part and an examination of our lives before God. It is a lifelong task that never ends.
What is the role of Church teaching in conscience formation?
The Church is a loving mother who helps guide us in right living and points out the path to holiness.
KQ: Describe at least four ways that faith is strengthened.
Pray. We ask the Lord to make our faith stronger.
Read Scripture. Reading, studying, and praying with the Bible brings us closer to God and his word.
Celebrate the sacraments. The sacraments themselves celebrate the mysteries of our faith, especially the Paschal Mystery.
Study your faith. Studying and deepening our understanding of the lessons of faith is a lifelong experience. We can exercise our faith by learning more about it.
Draw on the faith of friends. Choose friends and companions who share you commitment to God and the Church. Their Christian values and virtues will help you in times of temptation.
Put your faith in action. Keep your faith alive by being Christ for others.
KQ: Describe three ways Catholics can grow in holiness.
We must practice the virtue of charity because it is essential means to holiness. Charity is the "soul" of holiness because it "governs, shapes, and perfects all the means of sanctification."
We must celebrate the sacraments because they help bring us into union with Jesus Christ by the power of the Holy Spirit.
Christ calls us to pick up a cross and to follow him. Holiness requires effort and self-denial. It involves conversion of the heart, a turning from sin and embracing Christ's values while we reject anything the keeps us from the Lord.