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According to the Byzantine historian Procopius, who was responsible for introducing silk production to the Mediterranean?

two Christian monks

From the fall of Rome to the twelfth century, ________ was the political and economic powerhouse of the Mediterranean region.

the Byzantine empire

Caesaropapism was

the effort by Constantine to reign as emperor and actively control ecclesiastical affairs.

The attitude of Byzantine rulers towards their subjects and court was

highly formal, with an emphasis on protocol and lavish dress.

Who was the most important of the early Byzantine rulers?


In Byzantium, the ________ provided land to peasants in exchange for military service.

theme system

Byzantine empire regulations limited individuals to participate in only one phase of ________, to prevent the creation of a monopoly.

the silk industry

The most important city in Byzantium and probably in the Mediterranean was


In 1054 C.E., the patriarch of the Byzantine church and the Catholic pope

mutually excommunicated each other, creating a schism that continues today.

The wealthiest and most powerful city organized by the Slavs in Russia was


The most important catalyst for increased Byzantine influence in Russia was

the conversion of Prince Vladimir to Orthodox Christianity

Abu al-Abbas became well known in the court of Charlemagne as a

gift from the Abbasid court.

Historians use the term middle ages to refer to the

era from about 500 to 1500 C.E

Which of the following was done by Charlemagne?

He built an impressive, if relatively short-lived, empire in western Europe.

The Carolingian empire dissolved because

A)Charlemagne's descendants were politically weak and disunited.
B)Vikings began raiding northern France.
C) Charlemagne's grandsons divided the empire into three parts.
D) Magyars raided France from the east.

The term feudalism

is a term that has fallen out of favor among historians.

The relationship between lord and retainer was


In the early middle ages, the economic activity of western Europe was

predominantly agricultural.

St. Scholastica

adapted the Benedictine rule as guidance for nuns

Which of the following social services was NOT provided by monasteries?

banks, shops, factories

Constantinople finally fell in 1453 to the

Ottoman Turks

By the late 6th century, Byzantium became the Mediterranean world's leading producer of


What city, influenced heavily by Constantinople, was most important in the early rise of Russia


The only classical society that survived in the centuries after 400CE was the

Byzantine Empire

Byzantium's major advantage was

its strategic position on the Bosporus

Justinian's most important and long-lasting political achievement was

his codification of Roman Law

A direct challenge to the Byzantine emperor arose in the year 800 when the pope gave and imperial crown to the Frankish King.


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