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31 terms

8th gr. Pre-AP SS midterm

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Balboa
discovered pacific ocean
Cabot
explored the east coast of North America for England
Champlain
Established Quebec for France.
Christopher Columbus
European who reached the islands of the Caribbean in 1492
Coronado
Explored the Grand Canyon and the American Southwest
Cortes
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztecs
Bartholomeu Dias
Sailed to the southern tip of Africa
Hernando de Soto
Spanish explorer who discovered and claimed the Mississippi River for Spain
Leif Eriksson
First European to discover North America
Henry the Navigator
Portuguese prince who promoted the study of navigation and directed voyages of exploration down the western coast of Africa. (p. 425)
King Henry
changed England into a protestant country
Martin Luther
Leader of the Protestant Reformation
Magellan
This was the first person to lead an expedition that circumnavigated the world
Montezuma
Chief of the Aztec who was invaded by Cortes and Co.
Pizarro
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas.
Marco Polo
Venetian traveler who travelled to China and wrote a book about it.
Ponce de Leon
sailed and discovered Florida and claimed it for Spain.
Queen Elizabeth I
daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn; she succeeded the Catholic Mary I and restored Protestantism to England
Vasco de Gama
A Portugese sailor who was the first European to sail around southern Africa to the Indian Ocean
Amerigo Vespucci
The italian sailor who corrected Columbus's mistake, acknowledging the coasts of america as a new world. America is named after him
The Crusades
A series of wars during the Central Middle Ages when Europe tried to take control of the Muslims' holy land. Led to trade with the Arabs.
Renaissance
a rebirth or revival of the arts.
indulgences
pardon sold by catholic church to reduce one's punishment lots of money.
Protestant Reformation
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
line of demarcation
imaginary line running north and south drawn by the pope to divide new lands claimed by Portugal and Spain
Treaty of Tordesillas
Treaty between Portugal and Spain re-negotiating the line of demarcation
Northwest Passage
quicker way west to Asia through the Americas
Puritans
a group of Anglicans in England who wanted to purify their church of Catholic ways
Encomiendas
rights to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans
Gold Coast
Southern coast of West Africa where gold was found
Columbian Exchange
The exchange of goods and ideas between Native Americans and Europeans