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Henry the Navigator
Portuguese prince who promoted the study of navigation and directed voyages of exploration down the western coast of Africa. (p. 425)
Queen Elizabeth I
daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn; she succeeded the Catholic Mary I and restored Protestantism to England
Vasco de Gama
A Portugese sailor who was the first European to sail around southern Africa to the Indian Ocean
The italian sailor who corrected Columbus's mistake, acknowledging the coasts of america as a new world. America is named after him
A series of wars during the Central Middle Ages when Europe tried to take control of the Muslims' holy land. Led to trade with the Arabs.
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
line of demarcation
imaginary line running north and south drawn by the pope to divide new lands claimed by Portugal and Spain
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